National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION

Mary Cassatt

Chronology of the Life of Mary Cassatt

1844
22 May. Mary Stevenson Cassatt born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

1851
June. Cassatt family travels to Europe.

1855
Cassatt family returns to the United States, to West Chester, Pennsylvania.

1860
April. Cassatt enrolls in the Antique Class at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.

1865
December. Cassatt moves to Paris.

1866
November. Jean-Léon Gérôme accepts Cassatt as a student.

1868
May. Cassatt's Mandolin Player is accepted by the Salon.

1870
Early 1870. Cassatt and her mother reside in Rome, where Cassatt prepares her Salon submission in the studio of French artist Charles Bellay.

July. Cassatt and her mother leave Europe for the United States, probably because of the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War.

1871
December. Cassatt returns to Europe, where she works in Italy, France, and Spain.

1873
May. Salon des refusés (Salon of Rejected Works) opens to protest the conservative academic Salon. Cassatt shows Offering the Panal to the Bullfighter at the Salon.

1874
April. The first impressionist exhibition in Paris. Cassatt is in Rome and misses the show. Two months later she settles in Paris permanently.

1877
May. Degas invites Cassatt to show with the impressionists.
Cassatt advises Louisine Elder (later Mrs. Havemeyer) on the purchase of Degas' Rehearsal of the Ballet.

1878
Jury of the Exposition universelle refuses Portrait of a Little Girl.

1879
April. Cassatt exhibits with impressionists for the first time. Receives mixed reactions from critics.

1880
Cassatt advises her brother, Alexander, on aqusition of works by Degas. He soon expands his collecting to include Pissarro and Monet.
Miss Mary Ellison


1882
Cassatt and Degas do not participate in the seventh impressionist show to protest the efforts of Caillebotte and others to exclude new artists from the group.

The Loge

1884
Children Playing on a Beach

1886
April. First impressionist exhibition in New York; Alexander Cassatt lends two of her works.

May. Eighth impressionist exhibition in Paris. Cassatt, with Degas and Morisot, helps to arrange and finance the show.

Girl Arranging Her Hair

Child in a Straw Hat

1890
April. Exhibition of more than 700 Japanese prints, scrolls, and other objects is held at the École des beaux-arts.

Cassatt begins work on a series of 10 color drypoints and aquatints, including The Bath, The Letter, and The Fitting.

1891
Woman with a Red Zinnia

1892
Cassatt agrees to paint a mural for the Woman's Building of the World's Columbian Exposition to take place in Chicago in 1893. Her mural, Modern Woman, will complement Mary MacMonnies' Primitive Woman.

1893/1894
The Boating Party

1894
Cassatt acquires Beaufresne, a château 50 miles northwest of Paris, where she will spend much of the rest of her life.

1895
Cassatt's first solo exhibition in the United States at Durand-Ruel's gallery in New York is a critical and commercial success.

1898
Cassatt spends the first half of the year in the United States -- her first visit in more than twenty years.

1905
Mother and Child

1915
April. An exhibition held in New York in support of women's suffrage includes substantial installations of works by Cassatt and Degas.

1926
14 June. Dies at Beaufresne, in France.