National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of Venus with a Mirror Titian (artist)
Venetian, 1488/1490 - 1576
Venus with a Mirror, c. 1555
oil on canvas
overall: 124.5 x 105.5 cm (49 x 41 9/16 in.) framed: 157.48 x 139.07 x 10.8 cm (62 x 54 3/4 x 4 1/4 in.)
Andrew W. Mellon Collection
1937.1.34
On View
From the Tour: Titian and the Late Renaissance in Venice
Object 4 of 7

1663Sansovino, Francesco. Venetia città nobilissima et singolare (1581)...Con aggiunta di tutte le cose notabili della stessa città, fatte et occorse dall’anno 1580 fino al presente 1663 da D. Giustiniano Martinioni. Venice, 1663: 374.
1829Hume, Abraham. Notices of the Life and Works of Titian. London, 1829: 55, xxxix.
1833Cadorin, Giuseppe. Dello Amore ai Veneziani di Tiziano Vecellio. Venice, 1833: 77, 98-101.
1845Bevilacqua, Gian Carlo. Insigne Pinacoteca della nobile veneta famiglia barbarigo della Terrazza. Venice, 1845
1863Eremitage Impérial. Catalogue de la Galerie des Tableaux. St Petersburg, 1863: 26 no. 99.
1864Viardot, Louis. “Le Musée de l’Ermitage a Saint Pétersbourg et son nouveau catalogue.” Gazette des Beaux-Arts 17 (1864): 322.
1864Waagen, Gustav Friedrich. Die Gemäldesammlung in der kaiserlichen Ermitage zu St. Petersburg nebst Bemerkungen über andere dortige Kunstsammlungen. Munich, 1864: 62.
1869Eremitage Impérial. Catalogue de la Galerie des Tableaux. Les Écoles d’Italie et d’Espagne. St Petersburg, 1869: 42-43.
1877Crowe, Joseph Archer, and Giovanni Battista Cavalcaselle. Titian, His Life and Times. 2 vols. London, 1877: 2:334-336.
1886Lafenestre, Georges. La vie et l’oeuvre de Titien. Paris, 1886: 234.
1891Brüiningk, E., and Andrei Somof. Eremitage Impérial. Catalogue de la Galerie des Tableaux. Les Écoles d’Italie et d’Espagne. St Petersburg, 1891: 161-162 no. 99.
1897Stillman, W. J. Venus and Apollo in Painting and Sculpture. London, 1897: 36.
1897Knackfuss, Hermann. Tizian. Bielefeld and Leipzig, 1897: 140.
1898Phillips, Claude. The Later Work of Titian. London, 1898: 77, 90.
1899Phillips, Claude. “The Picture Gallery of the Hermitage.” The North American Review 169, no. 4 (October 1899): 469.
1900Levi, Cesare Augusto. Le collezioni veneziane d’arte e d’antichità dal secolo XIV ai nostri giorni. Venice, 1900: 288.
1900Gronau, Georg. Tizian. Berlin, 1900: 191.
1904Fischel, Oskar. Tizian: Des Meisters Gemälde. Stuttgart [u.a.], 1904: 147.
1904Gronau, Georg. Titian. London, 1904: 197-198, 301.
1905Miles, Henry. The Later Work of Titian. London, 1905: xxvii, 45.
1905Reinach, Salomon. Répertoire de peintures du moyen âge et de la Renaissance (1280-1580). 6 vols. Paris, 1905-1923: 6(1923):273.
1906Kilényi, Hugo von. Ein wiedergefundenes Bild des Tizian. Budapest, 1906.
1907Hetzer, Theodor. “Vecellio, Tiziano.” In Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Edited by Ulrich Thieme, Felix Becker, and Hans Vollmer. 37 vols. Leipzig, 1907-1950: 34(1939):166.
1907Schmidt, James. “Les Toilette de Vénus du Titien: L’orignal et les répliques.” Starye Gody pt. 1 (1907): 216–222.
1909Lafenestre, Georges. La vie et l’oeuvre de Titien. Rev. ed. Paris, 1909: 227, 278, 296-297.
1909Wrangell, Baron Nicolas. Les Chefs-d'Oeuvre de la Galérie de Tableaux de l'Hermitage Impérial à St-Pétersbourg. London, 1909: vii, repro. 21.
1910Ricketts, Charles. Titian. London, 1910: 122.
1911Benois, Alexandre. Guide to the Hermitage Gallery (in Russian). St Petersburg, 1911: 52-53.
1914Ridolfi, Carlo. Le maraviglie dell’arte, overo Le vite de gl'illustri pittori veneti, e dello Stato (Venice, 1648). Edited by Detlev von Hadeln. 2 vols. Berlin, 1914-1924: 1(1914):200.
1915Young, Arthur. Travels in France & Italy during the Years 1787, 1788 and 1789. London, 1915: 255.
1919Hourticq, Louis. La Jeunesse de Titien. Paris, 1919: 31.
1923Weiner, Peter Paul von. Meisterwerke der Gemäldesammlung in der Eremitage zu Petrograd. Rev. ed. Munich, 1923: 11, 326.
1924Bercken, Erich von der. “Some Unpublished Works by Tintoretto and Titian.” The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 44 (March 1924): 113.
1926Venturi, Lionello. La Collezione Gualino. Turin and Rome, 1926: pl. 39.
1928Venturi, Adolfo. Storia dell’arte italiana. Vol. 9, pt. 3, La pittura del Cinquecento. Milan, 1928: 327-331.
1929Poglayen-Neuwall, Stephan. “Eine tizianeske Toilette der Venus aus dem Cranach-Kreis.” Münchner Jahrbuch der Bildenden Kunst 6, no. 2 (1929): 167-199.
1932Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A List of the Principal Artists and their Works with an Index of Places. Oxford, 1932: 571.
1933Suida, Wilhelm. Tizian. Zürich and Leipzig, 1933: 116, 171.
1934Poglayen-Neuwall, Stephan. “Titian’s Pictures of the Toilet of Venus and their Copies.” The Art Bulletin 16 (1934): 358-384.
1935Tietze, Hans. Meisterwerke europäischer Malerei in Amerika. Vienna, 1935: 87, repro. (English ed., Masterpieces of European Painting in America. New York, 1939: 88, repro.).
1935Hetzer, Theodor. Tizian: Geschichte seiner Farbe. Frankfurt-am-Main, 1935: 147, 163.
1935Mostra di Tiziano. Exh. cat. Palazzo Pesaro Papafava, Venice, 1935: 163.
1936Tietze, Hans. Tizian: Leben und Werk. 2 vols. Vienna, 1936: 1:237, 314.
1937Cortissoz, Royal. An Introduction to the Mellon Collection. Boston, 1937: repro. 8.
1937Jewell, Edward Alden. "Mellon's Gift." Magazine of Art 30, no. 2 (February 1937): 82.
1941Stepanow, Giovanni. Tizian. Leipzig, 1941: xxxix.
1941Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 196, no. 34.
1941Wulff, Oskar. “Farbe, Licht und Schatten in Tizians Bildgestaltung.” Jahrbuch der preussischen Kunstsammlungen 62 (1941): 173, 194, 197, 199.
1942Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 239, repro. 199.
1944Pallucchini, Rodolfo. La pittura veneziana del Cinquecento. 2 vols. Novara, 1944: 1:xxiv.
1946Riggs, Arthur Stanley. Titian the Magnificent and the Venice of His Day. New York, 1946: 290, 324-326.
1946Favorite Paintings from the National Gallery of Art Washington, D.C.. New York, 1946: 33-35, color repro.
1947Poglayen-Neuwall, Stephan. “The Venus of the Ca’ d’Oro and the Origin of the Chief Types of the Venus at the Mirror from the Workshop of Titian.” The Art Bulletin 29 (1947): 195-196.
1949Paintings and Sculpture from the Mellon Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1949 (reprinted 1953 and 1958): 38, repro.
1950Tietze, Hans. Titian. The Paintings and Drawings. London, 1950: 204 no. 218.
1951Hartlaub, Gustav F. Zauber des Spiegels: Geschichte und Bedeutung des Spiegels in der Kunst. Munich, 1951: 79-80, 107-108, 218.
1951Einstein, Lewis. Looking at Italian Pictures in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1951: 84-86, repro.
1952Waterhouse, Ellis. “Paintings from Venice for Sevententh-Century England.” Italian Studies 7 (1952): 12.
1952Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Great Paintings from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1952: 60, color repro.
1953Pallucchini, Rodolfo. Tiziano. Lezioni di storia dell’arte. 2 vols. Bologna, 1953-1954: 2:63-64.
1955Dell’Acqua, Gian Alberto. Tiziano. Milan, 1955: 127.
1956Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1956: 28, color repro.
1957Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Venetian School. 2 vols. London, 1957: 1:192.
1957Shapley, Fern Rusk. Comparisons in Art: A Companion to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. London, 1957 (reprinted 1959): pl. 47
1958Tervarent, Guy de. Attributs et symboles dans l'art profane, 1450-1600. 2 vols. Geneva, 1958-1964: 1(1958):324.
1959Morassi, Antonio. “Titian.” In Encyclopedia of World Art. 17+ vols. London, 1959+, 14(1967): col. 147.
1960The National Gallery of Art and Its Collections. Foreword by Perry B. Cott and notes by Otto Stelzer. National Gallery of Art, Washington (undated, 1960s): 26, color repro. 12.
1960Valcanover, Francesco. Tutta la pittura di Tiziano. 2 vols. Milan, 1960: 2:39-40.
1960Shapley, Fern Rusk. Later Italian Painting in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 1960 (Booklet Number Six in Ten Schools of Painting in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.): 30, color repro.
1963Kennedy, Ruth Wedgwood. Novelty and Tradition in Titian’s Art. Northampton, Mass., 1963: 6, 20 n. 29.
1963Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 148, repro.
1965Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 129.
1965Savini Branca, Simona. Il collezionismo veneziano del Seicento. Padua, 1965: 186.
1966Walton, William. "Parnassus on Potomac." Art News 65 (March 1966): 38.
1966Boschini, Marco. La Carta del Navegar Pitoresco (1660). Edited by Anna Pallucchini. Venice, 1966: 664.
1966Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 1:172, color repro.
1968European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 116, repro.
1969Pallucchini, Rodolfo. Tiziano. 2 vols. Florence, 1969: 1:143, 302.
1969Wethey, Harold. The Paintings of Titian. 3 vols. London, 1969-1975: 3(1975):26, 67-70, 200-201.
1969Valcanover, Francesco. L’opera completa di Tiziano. Milan, 1969: 124-125 no. 384.
1971Pallucchini, Rodolfo. “Una nuova Pomona di Tiziano.” Pantheon 29 (1971): 114.
1971Freedberg, Sydney J. Painting in Italy 1500-1600. Harmondsworth, 1971, rev. ed. 1975: 508-509.
1972Shapley, Fern Rusk. "Titian's Venus with a Mirror." Studies in the History of Art v.4 (1971-72):93-105, repro.
1972Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972: 203, 476, 645.
1973Moretti, Lino, ed. G. B. Cavalcaselle. Disegni da Antichi Maestri. Exh. cat. Fondazione Giorgio Cini, Venice. Vicenza, 1973: 113.
1973Klesse, Brigitte. Katalog der italienischen, französischen and spanischen Gemälde bis 1800 im Wallraf-Richartz-Museum. Cologne, 1973: 131-135.
1974Faldi, Italo. “Dipinti di figure dal rinascimento al neoclassicismo.” In L’Accademia Nazionale de San Luca. Rome, 1974: 96.
1975European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 344, repro.
1976Krsek, Ivo. Tizian. Prague, 1976: 69.
1977Bialostocki, Jan. “Man and Mirror in Painting: Reality and Transience.” In Studies in Late Medieval and Renaissance Painting in Honor of Millard Meiss. Edited by Irving Lavin and John Plummer. New York, 1977: 70.
1977Fomichova, Tamara. “Lo sviluppo compositivo della Venere allo Speccio con due Amorini nell’opera di Tiziano e la copia dell’Eremitage.” Arte Veneta 31 (1977): 195-199.
1977Pallucchini, Rodolfo. Profilo di Tiziano. Florence, 1977: 46.
1978Rosand, David. Titian. New York, 1978: 33-34.
1978Hadeln, Detlev von. Paolo Veronese. Florence, 1978: 84.
1979Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. 2 vols. Washington, 1979: I:476-480, II:pl. 341, 341A,B,C.
1979Watson, Ross. The National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1979: 39, pl. 24.
1979Pignatti, Terisio. Golden Century of Venetian Painting. Exh. cat. Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, 1979: 76-77.
1980Braunfels, Wolfgang. “I quadri di Tiziano nello studio a Biri Grande (1530–1576).” In Tiziano e Venezia: Convegno internazionale di studi (1976). Vicenza, 1980: 409.
1980Hope, Charles. Titian. London, 1980: 149-150, 158-160, 167, 170.
1980Guillaume, Marguerite. Peintures italiennes: Catalogue raisonné du Musée des Beaux-Arts de Dijon. Dijon, 1980: 85.
1980Heinemann, Fritz. “La bottega di Tiziano.” In Tiziano e Venezia: convegno internazionale di studi (1976). Vicenza, 1980: 435.
1980Fasolo, Ugo. Titian. Florence, 1980: 69.
1981Siebenhüner, Herbert. Der Palazzo Barbarigo della Terrazza in Venedig und seine Tizian-Sammlung. Munich, 1981: 26, 28.
1982Held, Julius. “Rubens and Titian”. In Titian: His World and His Legacy. Edited by David Rosand. New York, 1982: 291.
1983Shearman, John. The Early Italian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen. Cambridge, 1983: 268.
1983Goodman-Soellner, Elise. “A Poetic Interpretation of the ‘Lady at her Toilette’ Theme in Sixteenth-Century Painting.” Sixteenth Century Journal 14 (1983): 434, 440-441.
1984Ingenhoff-Danhäuser, Monika. Maria Magdalena: Heilige und Sünderin in der italienischen Renaissance. Tübingen, 1984: 65.
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 208, no. 253, color repro.
1985European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 395, repro.
1986Borghero, Gertrude, ed. Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection. Catalogue Raisonné of the Exhibited Works of Art. Milan, 1986: 273.
1986Valcanover, Francesco. Ca d’Oro: The Giorgio Franchetti Gallery. Translated by Michael Langley. Milan, 1986: 47.
1986Gemäldegalerie Berlin: Gesamtverzeichnis der Gemälde. London, 1986: 75, 456.
1987Hart Nibbrig, Christiaan. Spiegelschrift: Spekulationen über Malerei und Literatur. Frankfurt, 1987: 18.
1987Wethey, Harold E. Titian and His Drawings, with Reference to Giorgione and Some Close Contemporaries. Princeton, 1987: 88 n. 32.
1988Brown, Beverley Louise, and Arthur K. Wheelock, Jr. Masterworks from Munich: Sixteenth- to Eighteenth-Century Paintings from the Alte Pinakothek. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1988: 117-118.
1988Rearick, W. R. The Art of Paolo Veronese, 1528-1588. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Cambridge, 1988: 172.
1988Hope, Charles, “La produzione pittorica di Tiziano per gli Asburgo”. In Venezia e la Spagna. Milan, 1988: 64.
1989Tiziano, le lettere. Edited by Clemente Gandini from materials compiled by Celso Fabbro. 2nd ed. Cadore, 1989: 269.
1990Titian, Prince of Painters. Exh. cat. Palazzo Ducale, Venice; National Gallery of Art, Washington. Venice, 1990: 302-304.
1991Gingold, Diane J. and Elizabeth A.C. Weil. The Corporate Patron. New York, 1991: 90-91, color repro.
1991Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 91, 94, color repro.
1992National Gallery of Art. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1992: 102, repro.
1992Fomichova, Tamara. The Hermitage Catalogue of West European Painting, Vol. 2: Venetian Painting of the Fourteenth to Eighteenth Centuries. Florence, 1992: 352.
1992Shearman, John. Only Connect...Art and the Spectator in the Italian Renaissance. Princeton, 1992: 228.
1993Echols, Robert. "Titian's Venetian Soffitti: Sources and Transformations." Studies in the History of Art 45 (1993): 20.
1993Oberhuber, Konrad. “La mostra di Tiziano a Venezia.” Arte Veneta 44 (1993): 80-81.
1993Le Siècle de Titien. L’Âge d’Or de la Peinture à Venise. Exh. cat. Grand Palais, Paris, 1993: 534-535.
1994Sheard, Wendy Stedman. “Le Siècle de Titien.” The Art Journal 53 (Spring 1994): 89.
1995Brevaglieri, Sabina. “Tiziano, le Dame con il Piatto e l’allegoria matrimoniale.” Venezia Cinquecento 5, no. 10 (1995): 134-135.
1995Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. New York, 1995: 706, fig. 18.28.
1997Ekserdjian, David. Correggio. New Haven and London, 1997: 269-270.
1997Goffen, Rona. Titian's Women. New Haven and London, 1997: 133-139, no. 79, repro.
1997Santore, Cathy. "The Tools of Venus." in Renaissance Studies Vol. 11 Nol 3. The Society for Renaissance Studies, Oxford University Press, 1997: 185, repro. no. 7.
1997Schäpers, Petra. Die junge Frau bei der Toilette: Ein Bildthema im venezianischen Cinquecento. Frankfurt, 1997: 111-124.
1997Pardo, Mary. “Veiling the Venus of Urbino.” In Titian’s Venus of Urbino. Edited by Rona Goffen. Cambridge, 1997: 122-123.
1997Goffen, Rona. “Sex, Space and Social History in Titian’s Venus of Urbino.” In Titian’s Venus of Urbino. Edited by Rona Goffen. Cambridge, 1997: 75.
1998Cheney, Liana de Girolami. "Love and Death." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art, edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 1:523.
1998Roberts, Helene E., ed. Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 1:324, 326.
1998Medievalia et Humanistica: Studies in Medieval and Renaissance Culture. [Vol. 25]. Edited by Paul Maurice Clogan. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1998: 58-61, repro. no. 2.
1998Apostolos-Cappadona, Diana. “Toilet Scenes." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art. Edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 2:873.
1998Shefer, Elaine. "Mirror/Reflection." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art, edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 2:602.
1999Valcanover, Francesco. Tiziano: I suoi pennelli sempre partorirono espressioni di vita. Florence, 1999: 67-71, 267.
2001Pedrocco, Filippo. Titian: The Complete Paintings. London, 2001: 59, 67, 261, no. 218, repro.
2002Prater, Andreas. Venus at Her Mirror: Velázquez and the Art of Nude Painting. Munich, 2002: 21.
2002Anderson, Jaynie. “Titian’s Unfinished ‘Portrait of a Patrician Woman and Her Daughter’ from the Barbarigo Collection, Venice.” The Burlington Magazine 144 (2002): 672.
2002Checa Cremades, Fernando. Titian–Rubens: Venus ante el espejo. Exh. cat. Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, 2002: 11-85.
2003Freedman, Luba. The Revival of the Olympian Gods in Renaissance Art. Cambridge, 2003: 155, 190, 208.
2004Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 100-101, no. 77, color repro.
2004Adams, Laurie Schneider. “Iconographic Aspects of the Gaze in some Paintings by Titian.” In The Cambridge Companion to Titian. Edited by Patricia Meilman. Cambridge, 2004: 232-233.
2004Puppi, Lionello. Su Tiziano. Milan, 2004: 77.
2006Tagliaferro, Giorgio. “La bottega di Tiziano: Un percorso critico.” Studi Tizianeschi 4 (2006): 45.
2007Cranston, Jodi. “Theorizing Materiality: Titian’s Flaying of Marsyas.” In Titian: Materiality, Likeness, Istoria. Edited by Joanna Woods-Marsden. Turnhout, 2007: 15.
2007Ferino-Pagden, Sylvia, ed. Der späte Tizian und die Sinnlichkeit der Malerei. Exh. cat. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna; Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice. Vienna, 2007: 248.
2007Humfrey, Peter. Titian: The Complete Paintings. Ghent and New York, 2007: 260.
2007Artemieva, Irina. “Die Venus vor dem Spiegel Barbarigo und der Dialogo della Pittura von Lodovico Dolce.” In Der späte Tizian und die Sinnlichkeit der Malerei. Edited by Sylvia Ferino-Pagden. Exh. cat. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna; Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice. Vienna, 2007: 224–231, 246-248.
2008Dal Pozzolo, Enrico Maria. Colori d’Amore. Parole, Gesti e Carezze nella Pitture Veneziana del Cinquecento. Treviso, 2008: 110, 129-131.
2008Hochmann, Michel. “Le collezioni veneziane nel Rinasacimento: Storia e storiografia.” In Il collezionismo d’arte a Venezia: Dalle origini al Cinquecento. Edited by Michel Hochmann, Rosella Lauber, and Stefania Mason. Venice, 2008: 17, 37.
2009Ilchman, Frederick, et al. Titien, Tintoret, Véronèse: rivalités à Venise. Exh. cat., Musée du Louvre, Paris, 2009: 226-228.
2009Ilchman, Frederick, et al. Titian, Tintoretto, Veronese: Rivals in Renaissance Venice. Exh. cat. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Musée du Louvre, Paris. Boston, 2009: 184-185.
2009Tagliaferro, Giorgio, and Bernard Aikema, with Matteo Mancini and Andrew John. Le botteghe di Tiziano. Florence, 2009: 32, 261.
2009Odom, Anne, and Wendy R. Salmond, eds. Treasures into Tractors: The Selling of Russia's Cultural Heritage, 1918-1938. Washington, D.C., 2009:
2010Cranston, Jodi. The Muddied Mirror: Materiality and Figuration in Titian’s Later Paintings. University Park, PA, 2010: 17, 21-31, 38-39, 48-49, 127.
2012Gentili, Augusto. Tiziano. Milan, 2012: 253-255.
2012Reist, Inge. "The Classical Tradition: Mythology and Allegory." In Paolo Veronese: A Master and His Workshop in Renaissance Venice. Edited by Virginia Brilliant. Exh. cat. Sarasota, 2012. London, 2012: 117, 118, color fig. 43
2012Paglia, Camille. Glittering Images: A Journey Through Art from Egypt to Star Wars. New York, 2012: 48-51, color repro.
2012Hale, Sheila. Titan: His Life. London, 2012: 559-560, 731.
2013Frank, Mary Engel. “'Donne attempate': Women of a Certain Age in Sixteenth-Century Venetian Art.” 2 vols. Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton University, 2006: 1:64-106, 303, 305, 306, fig. 46, 67, 77.
2014Mims, Bryan. "Asheville's Fortress of Art." Our State Down Home in North Carolina (1 October 2014): 40-42, 44, repro.
2014Humfrey, Peter. “The Chronology of Titian’s Versions of the Venus with a Mirror and the Lost Venus for the Emperor Charles V.” In Artistic Practices and Cultural Transfer in Early Modern Italy: Essays in Honour of Deborah Howard Edited by Nabahat Avcioglu and Allison Sherman. Farnham and Burlington, VT, 2014: 221-232.
2014Grasso, Monica. Seguendo Tiziano: Viaggio nel ’500 sulle orme di un grande maestro. Rome, 2014: 91-92.
2016Jaques, Susan. The Empress of Art: Catherine the Great and the Transformation of Russia. New York, 2016: 398.

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