National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of The Crucifixion [reverse] Andrea di Bartolo (painter)
Sienese, active from 1389 - died 1428
The Crucifixion [reverse], c. 1415
tempera on panel
overall: 28.6 x 17.8 cm (11 1/4 x 7 in.) framed: 52.7 x 34.3 x 7.9 cm (20 3/4 x 13 1/2 x 3 1/8 in.)
Samuel H. Kress Collection
1939.1.20.b
On View
From the Tour: Painting in Siena in the 14th and Early 15th Centuries
Object 8 of 10

The foreboding mood of Andrea's Madonna and Child is reinforced by the painting on its reverse side depicting the crucifixion. This side is not on view. The viewer is intended to meditate, as Mary does, on the life and suffering of Christ and to empathize with her. The panel was painted for the private devotions of the small figure kneeling at the right. She may have been a Dominican nun; if so, the painting hung in her convent cell. If she was a lay person, it would have been used for meditations in the quiet and privacy of her bedroom.

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