National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of The Angel of the Annunciation Simone Martini (artist)
Sienese, active from 1315; died 1344
The Angel of the Annunciation, c. 1330
tempera on poplar panel
painted surface (on recto): 29.5 x 20.5 cm (11 5/8 x 8 1/16 in.) overall: 31 x 21.5 cm (12 3/16 x 8 7/16 in.) painted surface (gesso ground on verso): 21 x 30.2 cm (8 1/4 x 11 7/8 in.) framed: 54.6 x 32.9 x 4.1 cm (21 1/2 x 12 15/16 x 1 5/8 in.)
Samuel H. Kress Collection
1939.1.216
On View
From the Tour: Painting in Siena in the 14th and Early 15th Centuries
Object 1 of 10

1940Suida, Wilhelm. "Die Sammlung Kress: New York." Pantheon 26 (1940): 274.
1941Richter, George Martin. "The New National Gallery in Washington." The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 78 (June 1941): 177.
1941Frankfurter, Alfred M. "On the Italian Renaissance Painters in the National Gallery." Art News 40 (15-31 March 1941): repro. 16.
1941Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 184-185, no. 327.
1941National Gallery of Art. Book of Illustrations. Washington, 1941: 186 (repro.), 240.
1942Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 246, repro. 189.
1955Volpe, Carlo. "Un libro su Simone Martini, Review of Simone Martini by Giovanni Paccagnini." Paragone 6, no. 63 (1955): 52.
1955Paccagnini, Giovanni. Simone Martini. Milan, 1955: 168 (repro.), 169.
1956Laclotte, Michel. De Giotto à Bellini: les primitifs italiens dans les musées de France. Exh. cat. Musée de l’Orangerie, Paris, 1956: 28.
1959Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 30, repro.
1960Laclotte, Michel. L’École d’Avignon: la peinture en Provence aux XIVe et XVe siècles. Paris, 1960: 32.
1960Becchis, Michela. "Martini, Simone." In Dizionario biografico degli italiani. Edited by Alberto Maria Ghisalberti. 82+ vols. Rome, 1960+: 71(2008):259.
1962Castelnuovo, Enrico. Un pittore italiano alla corte di Avignone. Matteo Giovannetti e la pittura in Provenza nel secolo XIV. Turin, 1962: 85-96.
1963Enaud, François. "Les fresques de Simone Martini à Avignon." Les monuments historiques de la France 9 (1963): 163, 177 n. 161.
1965Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 122.
1966Shapley, Fern Rusk. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: Italian Schools, XIII-XV Century. London, 1966: 48, fig. 121.
1967Kermer, Wolfgang. "Studien zum Diptych in der sakralen Malerei von den Anfängen bis zur Mitte des sechzehnten Jahrhunderts." 2 vols. Ph.D. dissertation, Eberhardt-Karls-Universität, Tübingen, 1967: 1:173; 2:fig. 29.
1967Klesse, Brigitte. Seidenstoffe in der italienischen Malerei des 14. Jahrhunderts. Bern, 1967: 244.
1968European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 110, repro.
1968Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Central Italian and North Italian Schools. 3 vols. London, 1968: 2:405.
1969Os, Hendrik W. van. Marias Demut und Verherrlichung in der sienesischen Malerei: 1300-1450. The Hague, 1969: 47 n. 39.
1970Contini, Gianfranco, and Maria Cristina Gozzoli. L’opera completa di Simone Martini. Milan, 1970: 106, repro.
1972"Simone Martini o di Martino." In Dizionario Enciclopedico Bolaffi dei pittori e degli Incisori italiani: dall’XI al XX secolo. Edited by Alberto Bolaffi and Umberto Allemandi. 11 vols. Turin, 1972-1976: 10(1975):325.
1972Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972: 122, 303, 645, 661.
1972Os, Hendrik W. van, and Marjan Rinkleff-Reinders. "De reconstructie van Simone Martini’s zgn. Polyptiek van de Passie." Nederlands kunsthistorisch jaarboek 23 (1972): 9.
1974Boskovits, Miklós. "A Dismembered Polyptych, Lippo Vanni and Simone Martini." The Burlington Magazine 116 (1974): 367 n. 9.
1974De Benedictis, Cristina. "Naddo Ceccarelli." Commentari 25 (1974): 140.
1975European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 326, repro.
1976De Benedictis, Cristina. "Il Polittico della Passione di Simone Martini e una proposta per Donato." Antichità viva 15, no. 6 (1976): 5 fig. 3, 11 n. 20.
1976Levinson-Lessing, Vladimir F., Elena Kozhina, and Musée de l’Ermitage Leningrad, eds. Zapadnoevropejskaja żivopis’: katalog. Vol. 1 (of 2), Italija, Ispanija, Francija, Svejcarija (Peinture de l’Europe Occidentale: catalogue. Vol. 1 (of 2), Italie, Espagne, France, Suisse). Leningrad, 1976: 112.
1977Caleca, Antonio. "Tre polittici di Lippo Memmi, un’ipotesi sul Barna e la bottega di Simone e Lippo, 2." Critica d’arte 42 (1977): 73.
1979De Benedictis, Cristina. La pittura senese 1330-1370. Florence, 1979: 29, fig. 47.
1979Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. Washington, 1979: 1:430-431; 2:pl. 309, 309A.
1981Carli, Enzo. La pittura senese del Trecento. 1st ed. Milan, 1981: 125.
1981Gordon, Dillian. "A Sienese verre eglomisé and Its Setting." The Burlington Magazine 123 (1981): 150.
1982Vsevoložskaja, Svetlana Nikolaevna. Ermitage: italienische Malerei, 13. bis 18. Jahrhundert. Translated by N. Gerassimowa. Leningrad, 1982: 264.
1983Frinta, Mojmir Svatopluk. "Unsettling Evidence in Some Panel Paintings of Simone Martini." In La pittura nel XIV e XV secolo, il contributo dell’analisi tecnica alla storia dell’arte. Edited by Hendrik W. van Os and J. R. J. van Asperen de Boer. Bologna, 1983: 216, 236, fig. 27.
1983Laclotte, Michel. "Les peintres siennois à Avignon." in L’Art gothique siennois: enluminure, peinture, orfèvrerie, sculpture. Exh. cat. Musée du Petit Palais, Avignon. Florence, 1983: 99.
1983Laclotte, Michel, and Dominique Thiébaut. L’École d’Avignon. Paris, 1983: 118 n. 10.
1984Piotrovsky, Boris, and Irene Linnik. Western European Painting in the Hermitage. Leningrad, 1984: n.p., no. 1.
1985European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 373, repro.
1988Polzer, Joseph. "Symon Martini et Lippus Memmi me pinxerunt." In Simone Martini: atti del convegno; Siena, March 27-29, 1985. Edited by Luciano Bellosi. Florence, 1988: 170.
1988Martindale, Andrew. Simone Martini. Oxford, 1988: 60-61, 214-215, figs. 126, 127.
1988Leone De Castris, Pierluigi. "Problemi martiniani avignonesi: il ‘Maestro degli Angeli Ribelli,’ i due Ceccarelli ed altro." In Simone Martini: atti del convegno; Siena, March 27-29, 1985. Edited by Luciano Bellosi. Florence, 1988: 225, 226 fig. 2.
1989Kustodieva, Tatiana K., ed. Ital’janskaja živopis’ XIII-XV vekov: katalog vystavki. Leningrad, 1989: 122.
1989Leone De Castris, Pierluigi. Simone Martini: catalogo completo dei dipinti. Florence, 1989: 130, repro. 131.
1989"Martini, Simone." In Dizionario della pittura e dei pittori. Edited by Enrico Castelnuovo and Bruno Toscano. 6 vols. Turin, 1989-1994: 3(1992):526.
1991Pierini, Marco. "Martini, Simone." In Enciclopedia dell’arte medievale. Edited by Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana. 12 vols. Rome, 1991-2002: 8(1997):250.
1991Torriti, Piero. Simone Martini. Florence, 1991: 47.
1991Eisler, Colin T. I dipinti dell’Ermitage. Udine, 1991: 163.
1994Kustodieva, Tatiana K. Italian Painting: Thirteenth to Sixteenth Centuries. Catalogue of Western European Painting / The Hermitage. Florence, 1994: 265.
1996Martindale, Andrew. "Martini, Simone." In The Dictionary of Art. Edited by Jane Turner. 34 vols. New York and London, 1996: 20:509.
1997Neri, Grazia. "Maestro della Madonna Straus." in Enciclopedia dell’arte medievale. Edited by Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana. 12 vols. Rome, 1991-2002: 8(1997):101.
1998Frinta, Mojmír S. Punched Decoration on Late Medieval Panel and Miniature Painting. Prague, 1998: 118, 247, 261, 298, 324, 333, 355, 377, 388, 446, 464.
2000Pierini, Marco. Simone Martini. Cinisello Balsamo (Milan), 2000: 206 (repro.), 207, 208 (repro.), 242 nn. 30, 32.
2002Kustodieva, Tatiana K., ed. Sny gotiki i Renessansa: sienskai︠a︡ zhivopisʹ XIV-pervoĭ poloviny XVI veka, katalog vystavki. Exh. cat. Gosudarstvennyĭ Ėrmitazh, Saint Petersburg, 2002: 18.
2003"Martini, Simone, Peintre italien." In Dictionnaire de la peinture. Edited by Michel Laclotte and Jean Pierre Cuzin. Paris, 2003: 623.
2003Leone De Castris, Pierluigi. Simone Martini. Milan, 2003: 304, 330-331 (repro.), 332-333, 340 n. 60, 341 n. 62, 365.
2003Castelnuovo, Enrico. Simone Martini: l’Annunciazione. Milan, 2003: 60-61.
2007Bellosi, Luciano, and Giovanna Ragionieri. Giotto e la sua eredità: Filippo Rusuti, Pietro Cavallini, Duccio, Giovanni da Rimini, Neri da Rimini, Pietro da Rimini, Simone Martini, Pietro Lorenzetti, Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Matteo Giovannetti, Masso di Banco, Puccio Capanna, Taddeo Gaddi, Giovanni da Milano, Giottino, Giusto de’Menabuoi, Altichiero, Jacopo Avanzi, Jean Pucelle, i Fratelli Limbourg. Florence, 2007: 206.
2008Labriola, Ada. Simone Martini e la pittura gotica a Siena: Duccio di Buoninsegna, Memmo di Filippuccio, Pietro Lorenzetti, Ugolino di Nerio, Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Lippo Memmi, Matteo Giovanetti, Naddo Ceccarelli, Bartolomeo Bulgarini, Niccolò di Ser Sozzo. I Grandi Maestri dell'arte 19. Florence, 2008: 82.
2008Boskovits, Miklós, and Johannes Tripps, eds. Maestri senesi e toscani nel Lindenau-Museum di Altenburg. Exh. cat. Santa Maria della Scala, Siena, 2008: 48, 49.

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