National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of Death and the Miser Hieronymus Bosch (artist)
Netherlandish, c. 1450 - 1516
Death and the Miser, c. 1485/1490
oil on panel
overall: 93 x 31 cm (36 5/8 x 12 3/16 in.) framed: 105.9 x 43.5 x 5.4 cm (41 11/16 x 17 1/8 x 2 1/8 in.)
Samuel H. Kress Collection
1952.5.33
On View
From the Tour: Netherlandish Painting in the 1400s
Object 5 of 9

1924Friedländer, Max J. Die altniederländische Malerei 14 vols. 1924-1937. Berlin, 1937: 14:101. (English ed., 14 vols., 1967-1976. Leiden, 1969: 5:91, Suppl. 135, pl. 117.)
1932Glück, Gustav. Bruegels Gemälde. Vienna, 1932: 57.
1935Baldass, Ludwig. "Ein Kreuzigungsaltar von Hieronymus Bosch." Jahrbuch der kunsthistorischen Sammlungen des allerhöchsten Kaiserhauses (Jahrbuch der kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wien) N.F. 9 (1935): 89.
1937De Tolnay, Charles. Hieronymus Bosch. Basel, 1937: 27, 90, no. 7, fig. 20.
1942Brian, Doris. "The Masters of Gothic Flanders." Art News 41 (15-30 April, 1942): 14, 33, repros. 18-19.
1943Baldass, Ludwig. Hieronymus Bosch. Vienna, 1943: 22-23, 30, 36, 68, 76-77, 236, figs. 29-30. (Engl. ed. New York, 1960.)
1944Elst, Joseph van der. The Last Flowering of the Middle Ages. Garden City, New York, 1944: 103-104, pls. 90-91. (Fr. ed. Paris, 1951.)
1945Tervarent, Guy de. "The Origin of One of Jérôme Bosch's Pictures." Message: Belgian Review 39 (January, 1945): 44-45, fig. 1.
1946Combe, Jaques. Jérôme Bosch. Paris, 1946: 20-21, pl. 42. (Engl. ed. Paris, 1946.)
1949Bax, Dirck. Ontcijfering van Jeroen Bosch. The Hague, 1949: 133, 239, 244, 248, 257-258, 261-263, 277, 283, fig. 58. (Engl. ed. Rotterdam, 1979.)
1952Frankfurter, Alfred. "Interpreting Masterpieces: Twenty-Four Paintings from the Kress Collection." Art News 50 (1952): 113-114, repro. 108.
1953Dorfles, Gillo. Bosch. Milan, 1953: 75, repro. 36, fig 21.
1955Popham, A. E. "An Unknown Drawing by Hieronymus Bosch." Actes du XVIIme Congrès International d'Histoire de l'Art, Amsterdam, 23-31 Juillet 1952. The Hague, 1955: 248.
1955Shapley, Fern Rusk. "The National Gallery of Art at Washington: Acquisitions 1945-1955." The Studio 150 (July 1955): 3, 6, repro.
1956Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1956: 38, color repro.
1956Philip, Lotte Brand. Bosch. New York, 1956: 18, no. 14, repro. 19.
1957Shapley, Fern Rusk. Comparisons in Art: A Companion to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. London, 1957 (reprinted 1959): pl. 53
1958Middeleeuwse Kunst der Noordelijke Nederlanden. Exh. cat. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1958: 138-141, no. 180.
1959Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 280, repro.
1959Linfert, Carl. Hieronymus Bosch: The Paintings. Garden City, New York, 1959: 10, 113, pl. 26.
1960Broadley Hugh T. Flemish Painting in the National Gallery of Art (Booklet no. 5 in Ten Schools of Painting in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC). Washington, 1960: 8, 30-31, color repro.
1960The National Gallery of Art and Its Collections. Foreword by Perry B. Cott and notes by Otto Stelzer. National Gallery of Art, Washington (undated, 1960s): 6.
1961Eisler, Colin. Primitifs Flamands. Corpus. New England Museums. Brussels, 1961: 48.
1961Seymour, Charles. Art Treasures for America: An Anthology of Paintings & Sculpture in the Samuel H. Kress Collection. London, 1961: 78-79, 208, color fig. 70-71.
1962Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Treasures from the National Gallery of Art, New York, 1962: 60, color repro.
1962Winkler, Friedrich. Review of Primitifs Flamands. Corpus. New England Museums by Colin Eisler. In Kunstchronik 15 (1962): 321.
1962Adhémar, Hélène. Le Musée National du Louvre, Paris: Primitifs Flamands, Corpus. 2 vols. Brussels, 1962: 1:25, 29.
1963Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 127, repro. 126.
1965Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 17
1966Lemmens, G., and E. Taverne. "Hieronymus Bosch: Naar aanleiding van de expositie in' s-Hertogenbosch." Simiolus 1 (1966-1967): 88.
1966Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 1:98-99, color repro.
1966De Tolnay, Charles. Hieronymus Bosch. New York, 1966: 25, 347, cat. no. 7, repro. 91.
1967Cinotti, Mia. Tout l'oeuvre peint de Jérôme Bosch. Paris, 1967: 92, no. 15, fig. 15 (Ital. ed. Milan, 1967).
1967Jheronimus Bosch. Exh. cat. Noordbrabants Museum,'s-Hertogenbosch, Eindhoven, 1967: no. 51.
1968Boon, Karel. "Review of Hieronymus Bosch by Charles de Tolnay." The Burlington Magazine 110 (1968): 157.
1968European Paintings and Sculpture: Illustrations (Companion to the Summary Catalogue, 1965). Washington, 1968: 9, repro.
1968Cuttler, Charles D. Northern Painting, from Pucelle to Bruegel: Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Sixteenth Centuries. New York, 1968: 201-202, fig. 252.
1969Cuttler, Charles. "Bosch and the Narrenschiff: A Problem in Relationships." Art Bulletin 51, no. 3 (September 1969): 275-276, fig 8.
1970Reuterswärd, Patrik. Hieronymus Bosch. Stockholm, 1970: 173-174, 266-267, no. 19., figs. 35-36.
1972Snyder, James E. Review of Musée du Louvre--Inventaire général des dessins des écoles du Nord: maîtres des anciens Pays-Bas nés avant 1550 by Frits Lugt. In Art Bulletin 54, no. 1 (March 1972): 89.
1972Filedt Kok, Jan Piet. "Underdrawing and Drawing in the Work of Hieronymus Bosch: A Provisional Survey in Connection with the Painting by Him in Rotterdam." Similous 6 (1972-1973): 151-153, fig. 16 (infared).
1973Gibson, Walter. Hieronymus Bosch. New York, 1973: 46-47, repro. 43, figs. 31-32.
1973Ironside, Jetske. "Hieronymus Bosch: An Investigation of His Underdrawings." Ph.D. diss., Bryn Mawr College (1973): 73-82, 90, 184, 196, 275-276, 305, pls. 1-5.
1975Fraenger, Wilhelm. Hieronymus Bosch. Dresden, 1975: 296-297, figs. 93-94.
1975Rowlands, John. Bosch. London, 1975: 8, pl. 16.
1975European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue (National Gallery of Art). Washington, 1975: 36-37, no. 1112, repro.
1977Eisler, Colin. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: European Schools Excluding Italian. Oxford, 1977: 66-69, figs. 60-61, text figs. 11A-C, color repro detail.
1977Pope-Hennessy, John. "Completing the Account." Review of Colin Eisler, Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection, London 1977. Times Literary Supplement no. 3927 (17 June 1977).
1977Silver, Larry. "Power and Pelf: A New-Found Old Man by Massys." Simiolus 9 (1977): 87-88, fig. 24.
1978Tervarent, Guy de. Attributs et symboles dans l'art profane 1450-1600. 2 vols. Geneva, 1978: 1:34.
1978Chailley, Jacques. "Jérôme Bosch et ses symboles. Essai de décryptage." Académie Royal de Belgique. Classe des Beaux-Arts. Mémoires 15. Fasc. 1 (1978): 106-108.
1978Takashina, Shuji. L'oeuvre complet de Hieronymus Bosch. In Japanese. Tokyo, 1978: 246-247, no. 7, pls. 18-19.
1979Watson, Ross. The National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1979: 54, pl. 37.
1979Martin, Gregory. Hieronymus Bosch. New York, 1979: no. 7, repro.
1980Unverfehrt, Gerd. Hieronymus Bosch: Die Rezeption seiner Kunst im frühen 16. Jahrhundert. Berlin, 1980: 26, 36, 44-45, 54, 78-79, 223.
1981Meijer, Bert W. "Titian Sketches on Canvas and Panel." Master Drawings 19 (1981): 284.
1982Morganstern, Anne M. "The Pawns in Bosch's Death and the Miser." Studies in the History of Art 12 (1982): 33-41, figs. 1-2, 4-5.
1982Graziani, René. "Bosch's Wanderer and a Poverty Commonplace from Juvenal." Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 45 (1982): 212.
1984Morganstern, Anne. "The Rest of Bosch's Ship of Fools." Art Bulletin 66 (1984): 299-302, figs. 4, 12.
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 166, no. 184, color repro.
1984Raupp, Hans Joachim. Untersuchungen zu Künstlerbildnis und Künstlerdarstellung in den Niederlanden im 17. Jahrhundert. Hildesheim and New York, 1984:
1985Snyder, James. Northern Renaissance Art: Painting, Sculpture, the Graphic Arts from 1350-1575. New York, 1985: 205, 201 color pl. 36.
1985European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 55, repro.
1986Hand, John Oliver and Martha Wolff. Early Netherlandish Painting. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, 1986: 17-22, repro. 16.
1991Covey, Herbert C. Images of Older People in Western Art and Society. New York, 1991: 155-157, fig. 41.
1992National Gallery of Art, Washington. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 40, repro.
1993Nygren, Edward J. “Money." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art. Edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 2:620.
1996Ars Lignea: Zuresko elizak Euskal Herrian, Las iglesias de madera en el País Vasco. Exh. cat. 3 venues in Spain in 1997. Madrid, 1996: 81, repro.
1997Richler, Martha. National Gallery of Art, Washington: A World of Art. London, 1997: 41, color fig. 22.
1998McNamee, Maurice B. S.J. Vested Angels: Eucharistic Allusions in Early Netherlandish Paintings. Peeters, 1998: 182-187, repro. no. 95.
1998Baumann, Priscilla. "Avarice." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art. Edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 2:93.
1999Raupp, Hans Joachim. "Visual Comments of the Mutability of Social Positions and Values in Netherlandish and German Art of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries." In Showing Status: Representation of Social Positions in the Late Middle Ages. Ed. Wim Blockmans and Antheun Janse. Turnhout, 1999: 287, 288 fig. 5.
2000Vinken, Pierre, and Lucy Schlüter. "The Foreground of Bosch's 'Death and the Miser'." Oud Holland 114, no. 2/4 (2000): 69-78, repro.
2004Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 118-119, no. 90, color repro.
2005Snyder, James. Northern Renaissance Art: Painting, Sculpture, the Graphic Arts from 1350 to 1575. Revised by Larry Silver and Henry Luttikhuizen. Upper Saddle River, 2005: 397-398, col. fig. 16.3.
2011Freeman, Charles. Holy Bones, Holy Dust: How Relics Shaped the History of Medieval Europe. New Haven, 2011: x, fig. 17.

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