National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of Death and the Miser Hieronymus Bosch (artist)
Netherlandish, c. 1450 - 1516
Death and the Miser, c. 1485/1490
oil on panel
overall: 93 x 31 cm (36 5/8 x 12 3/16 in.) framed: 105.9 x 43.5 x 5.4 cm (41 11/16 x 17 1/8 x 2 1/8 in.)
Samuel H. Kress Collection
1952.5.33
On View
From the Tour: Netherlandish Painting in the 1400s
Object 5 of 9

1924Friedländer, Max J. Die altniederländische Malerei 14 vols. 1924-1937. Berlin, 1937: 14:101. (English ed., 14 vols., 1967-1976. Leiden, 1969: 5:91, Suppl. 135, pl. 117.)
1932Glück, Gustav. Bruegels Gemälde. Vienna, 1932: 57.
1935Baldass, Ludwig. "Ein Kreuzigungsaltar von Hieronymus Bosch." Jahrbuch der kunsthistorischen Sammlungen des allerhöchsten Kaiserhauses (Jahrbuch der kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wien) N.F. 9 (1935): 89.
1937De Tolnay, Charles. Hieronymus Bosch. Basel, 1937: 27, 90, no. 7, fig. 20.
1942Brian, Doris. "The Masters of Gothic Flanders." Art News 41 (15-30 April, 1942): 14, 33, repros. 18-19.
1943Baldass, Ludwig. Hieronymus Bosch. Vienna, 1943: 22-23, 30, 36, 68, 76-77, 236, figs. 29-30. (Engl. ed. New York, 1960.)
1944Elst, Joseph van der. The Last Flowering of the Middle Ages. Garden City, New York, 1944: 103-104, pls. 90-91. (Fr. ed. Paris, 1951.)
1945Tervarent, Guy de. "The Origin of One of Jérôme Bosch's Pictures." Message: Belgian Review 39 (January, 1945): 44-45, fig. 1.
1946Combe, Jaques. Jérôme Bosch. Paris, 1946: 20-21, pl. 42. (Engl. ed. Paris, 1946.)
1949Bax, Dirck. Ontcijfering van Jeroen Bosch. The Hague, 1949: 133, 239, 244, 248, 257-258, 261-263, 277, 283, fig. 58. (Engl. ed. Rotterdam, 1979.)
1952Frankfurter, Alfred. "Interpreting Masterpieces: Twenty-Four Paintings from the Kress Collection." Art News 50 (1952): 113-114, repro. 108.
1953Dorfles, Gillo. Bosch. Milan, 1953: 75, repro. 36, fig 21.
1955Popham, A. E. "An Unknown Drawing by Hieronymus Bosch." Actes du XVIIme Congrès International d'Histoire de l'Art, Amsterdam, 23-31 Juillet 1952. The Hague, 1955: 248.
1955Shapley, Fern Rusk. "The National Gallery of Art at Washington: Acquisitions 1945-1955." The Studio 150 (July 1955): 3, 6, repro.
1956Philip, Lotte Brand. Bosch. New York, 1956: 18, no. 14, repro. 19.
1956Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1956: 38, color repro.
1957Shapley, Fern Rusk. Comparisons in Art: A Companion to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. London, 1957 (reprinted 1959): pl. 53
1958Middeleeuwse Kunst der Noordelijke Nederlanden. Exh. cat. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1958: 138-141, no. 180.
1959Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 280, repro.
1959Linfert, Carl. Hieronymus Bosch: The Paintings. Garden City, New York, 1959: 10, 113, pl. 26.
1960Broadley Hugh T. Flemish Painting in the National Gallery of Art (Booklet no. 5 in Ten Schools of Painting in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC). Washington, 1960: 8, 30-31, color repro.
1960The National Gallery of Art and Its Collections. Foreword by Perry B. Cott and notes by Otto Stelzer. National Gallery of Art, Washington (undated, 1960s): 6.
1961Eisler, Colin. Primitifs Flamands. Corpus. New England Museums. Brussels, 1961: 48.
1961Seymour, Charles. Art Treasures for America: An Anthology of Paintings & Sculpture in the Samuel H. Kress Collection. London, 1961: 78-79, 208, color fig. 70-71.
1962Adhémar, Hélène. Le Musée National du Louvre, Paris: Primitifs Flamands, Corpus. 2 vols. Brussels, 1962: 1:25, 29.
1962Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Treasures from the National Gallery of Art, New York, 1962: 60, color repro.
1962Winkler, Friedrich. Review of Primitifs Flamands. Corpus. New England Museums by Colin Eisler. In Kunstchronik 15 (1962): 321.
1963Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 127, repro. 126.
1965Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 17
1966Lemmens, G., and E. Taverne. "Hieronymus Bosch: Naar aanleiding van de expositie in' s-Hertogenbosch." Simiolus 1 (1966-1967): 88.
1966De Tolnay, Charles. Hieronymus Bosch. New York, 1966: 25, 347, cat. no. 7, repro. 91.
1966Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 1:98-99, color repro.
1967Jheronimus Bosch. Exh. cat. Noordbrabants Museum,'s-Hertogenbosch, Eindhoven, 1967: no. 51.
1967Cinotti, Mia. Tout l'oeuvre peint de Jérôme Bosch. Paris, 1967: 92, no. 15, fig. 15 (Ital. ed. Milan, 1967).
1968Cuttler, Charles D. Northern Painting, from Pucelle to Bruegel: Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Sixteenth Centuries. New York, 1968: 201-202, fig. 252.
1968European Paintings and Sculpture: Illustrations (Companion to the Summary Catalogue, 1965). Washington, 1968: 9, repro.
1968Boon, Karel. "Review of Hieronymus Bosch by Charles de Tolnay." The Burlington Magazine 110 (1968): 157.
1969Cuttler, Charles. "Bosch and the Narrenschiff: A Problem in Relationships." Art Bulletin 51, no. 3 (September 1969): 275-276, fig 8.
1970Reuterswärd, Patrik. Hieronymus Bosch. Stockholm, 1970: 173-174, 266-267, no. 19., figs. 35-36.
1972Filedt Kok, Jan Piet. "Underdrawing and Drawing in the Work of Hieronymus Bosch: A Provisional Survey in Connection with the Painting by Him in Rotterdam." Similous 6 (1972-1973): 151-153, fig. 16 (infared).
1972Snyder, James E. Review of Musée du Louvre--Inventaire général des dessins des écoles du Nord: maîtres des anciens Pays-Bas nés avant 1550 by Frits Lugt. In Art Bulletin 54, no. 1 (March 1972): 89.
1973Gibson, Walter. Hieronymus Bosch. New York, 1973: 46-47, repro. 43, figs. 31-32.
1973Ironside, Jetske. "Hieronymus Bosch: An Investigation of His Underdrawings." Ph.D. diss., Bryn Mawr College (1973): 73-82, 90, 184, 196, 275-276, 305, pls. 1-5.
1975European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue (National Gallery of Art). Washington, 1975: 36-37, no. 1112, repro.
1975Rowlands, John. Bosch. London, 1975: 8, pl. 16.
1975Fraenger, Wilhelm. Hieronymus Bosch. Dresden, 1975: 296-297, figs. 93-94.
1977Eisler, Colin. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: European Schools Excluding Italian. Oxford, 1977: 66-69, figs. 60-61, text figs. 11A-C, color repro detail.
1977Silver, Larry. "Power and Pelf: A New-Found Old Man by Massys." Simiolus 9 (1977): 87-88, fig. 24.
1977Pope-Hennessy, John. "Completing the Account." Review of Colin Eisler, Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection, London 1977. Times Literary Supplement no. 3927 (17 June 1977).
1978Takashina, Shuji. L'oeuvre complet de Hieronymus Bosch. In Japanese. Tokyo, 1978: 246-247, no. 7, pls. 18-19.
1978Tervarent, Guy de. Attributs et symboles dans l'art profane 1450-1600. 2 vols. Geneva, 1978: 1:34.
1978Chailley, Jacques. "Jérôme Bosch et ses symboles. Essai de décryptage." Académie Royal de Belgique. Classe des Beaux-Arts. Mémoires 15. Fasc. 1 (1978): 106-108.
1979Watson, Ross. National Gallery of Art Washington. New York, 1979: 54, color pl. 37.
1979Martin, Gregory. Hieronymus Bosch. New York, 1979: no. 7, repro.
1980Unverfehrt, Gerd. Hieronymus Bosch: Die Rezeption seiner Kunst im frühen 16. Jahrhundert. Berlin, 1980: 26, 36, 44-45, 54, 78-79, 223.
1981Meijer, Bert W. "Titian Sketches on Canvas and Panel." Master Drawings 19 (1981): 284.
1982Graziani, René. "Bosch's Wanderer and a Poverty Commonplace from Juvenal." Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 45 (1982): 212.
1982Morganstern, Anne M. "The Pawns in Bosch's Death and the Miser." Studies in the History of Art 12 (1982): 33-41, figs. 1-2, 4-5.
1984Raupp, Hans Joachim. Untersuchungen zu Künstlerbildnis und Künstlerdarstellung in den Niederlanden im 17. Jahrhundert. Hildesheim and New York, 1984:
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 166, no. 184, color repro.
1984Morganstern, Anne. "The Rest of Bosch's Ship of Fools." Art Bulletin 66 (1984): 299-302, figs. 4, 12.
1985Snyder, James. Northern Renaissance Art: Painting, Sculpture, the Graphic Arts from 1350-1575. New York, 1985: 205, 201 color pl. 36.
1985European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 55, repro.
1986Hand, John Oliver and Martha Wolff. Early Netherlandish Painting. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, 1986: 17-22, repro. 16.
1991Covey, Herbert C. Images of Older People in Western Art and Society. New York, 1991: 155-157, fig. 41.
1992National Gallery of Art, Washington. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 40, repro.
1993Nygren, Edward J. “Money." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art. Edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 2:620.
1996Ars Lignea: Zuresko elizak Euskal Herrian, Las iglesias de madera en el País Vasco. Exh. cat. 3 venues in Spain in 1997. Madrid, 1996: 81, repro.
1997Richler, Martha. National Gallery of Art, Washington: A World of Art. London, 1997: 41, color fig. 22.
1998Baumann, Priscilla. "Avarice." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art. Edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 2:93.
1998McNamee, Maurice B. S.J. Vested Angels: Eucharistic Allusions in Early Netherlandish Paintings. Peeters, 1998: 182-187, repro. no. 95.
1999Raupp, Hans Joachim. "Visual Comments of the Mutability of Social Positions and Values in Netherlandish and German Art of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries." In Showing Status: Representation of Social Positions in the Late Middle Ages. Ed. Wim Blockmans and Antheun Janse. Turnhout, 1999: 287, 288 fig. 5.
2000Vinken, Pierre, and Lucy Schlüter. "The Foreground of Bosch's 'Death and the Miser'." Oud Holland 114, no. 2/4 (2000): 69-78, repro.
2004Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 118-119, no. 90, color repro.
2005Snyder, James. Northern Renaissance Art: Painting, Sculpture, the Graphic Arts from 1350 to 1575. Revised by Larry Silver and Henry Luttikhuizen. Upper Saddle River, 2005: 397-398, col. fig. 16.3.
2011Freeman, Charles. Holy Bones, Holy Dust: How Relics Shaped the History of Medieval Europe. New Haven, 2011: x, fig. 17.

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