National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of The Annunciation Jan van Eyck (artist)
Netherlandish, c. 1390 - 1441
The Annunciation, c. 1434/1436
oil on canvas transferred from panel
painted surface: 90.2 x 34.1 cm (35 1/2 x 13 7/16 in.) support: 92.7 x 36.7 cm (36 1/2 x 14 7/16 in.) framed: 102.2 x 55.9 x 8.9 cm (40 1/4 x 22 x 3 1/2 in.)
Andrew W. Mellon Collection
1937.1.39
On View
From the Tour: Netherlandish Painting in the 1400s
Object 3 of 9

1833Passavant, J. D. "Nachrichten über die alt-niederländische Malerschule." Kunst-Blatt no. 83 (1833): 320.
1843Nieuwenhuys, C. J. Description de la Galerie des Tableaux de S. M. le Roi des Pays-Bas. Brussels, 1843: 1-2.
1845Michiels, Alfred. Histoire de la peinture flamande et hollandaise. 4 vols. Paris, 1847: 2:127.
1850Catalogue des Tableaux Anciens et Modernes, de Diverses Écoles; Dessins et Statues, Formant la Galerie de feu sa Majesté Guillaume II. Amsterdam, 1850: 1, no. 1.
1858Hotho, H. G. Die Malerschule Hubert's van Eyck nebst Vorgängern und Zeitgenossen. Berlin, 1858: 2, 171.
1863Köhne, Baron Bernhard de. Ermitage impérial, Catalogue de la Galérie des Tableaux. Saint Petersburg, 1863: 95, no. 443.
1864Waagen, Gustav Friedrich. Die Gemäldesammlung in der kaiserlichen Ermitage zu St. Petersburg nebst Bemerkungen über andere dortige Kunstsammlungen. Munich, 1864: 115-116, no. 443.
1866Michiels, Alfred. Histoire de la peinture flamande depuis ses débuts jusqu'en 1864. 6 vols. Paris, 1866: 2:317-318.
1870Köhne, Baron Bernhard de. Ermitage Impérial: Catalogue de la Galérie des Tableaux. 3 vols. 2nd ed. Saint Petersburg, 1870: 2:3-4, no. 443.
1872Crowe, J. A., and G. B. Cavalcaselle. The Early Flemish Painters: Notices of Their Lives and Works. 2d ed. London (2d ed.), 1872: 113-114.
1879Ris, Comte Louis Clément de. "Musée Impérial de l'Ermitage à Saint-Pétersbourg (third of 4 articles)." Gazette des Beaux-Arts19 (June 1879): 573-574, repro. 577 (drawing by Goutzwiller).
1887Conway, William. Early Flemish Artists and Their Predecessors of the Lower Rhine. London, 1887: 140-141.
1898Kaemmerer, Ludwig. Hubert und Jan van Eyck. Bielefeld and Leipzig, 1898: 69-71, repro.
1899Seeck, Otto. Die charakterischen Unterschiede der Brüder van Eyck. Berlin, 1899: 41, 70.
1900Kaemmemer, Ludwig. "Die neueste Eycklitteratur." Kunstchronik 12 (8 November 1900): 67-68, 70.
1900Friedländer, Max J. Review of Die Werke des Jan van Eyck by Karl Voll. In Repertorium für Kunstwissenschaft 23 (1900): 474.
1900Voll, Karl. Die Werke des Jan van Eyck. Strasbourg, 1900: 62-65.
1901Voll, Karl. "Jan van Eyck en France." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 25 (1901): 217-218.
1901Somov, Andrei Ivanovich. Ermitage Impérial. Catalogue de la Galérie des Tableaux. 2 vols. 4th ed. Saint Petersburg, 1901: 2:110-111.
1903Dvorák, Max. "Das Rätsel der Kunst der Brüder van Eyck." Jahrbuch der kunsthistorischen Sammlungen des allerhöchsten Kaiserhauses (Jahrbuch der kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wien) 24 (1903): 237, repro. 236 (printed in book form, Munich, 1925: 119).
1903Weale, Frances. Hubert and Jan van Eyck. New York, 1903: 30.
1904Kern, G. Joseph. Die Grundzüge der linear-perspektivischen Darstellung in der Kunst der Gebrüder van Eyck und ihrer Schule. Leipzig, 1904: 13-14, diagram pl. 7.
1906Voll, Karl. Die altniederländische Malerei von Jan van Eyck bis Memling. Leipzig, 1906: 36.
1906Wurzbach, Alfred von. Niederlandisches Kunstler-Lexikon. 3 vols. Vienna, 1906-1911: 1(1906):514.
1906Kleinclausz, Arthur Jean. "Les Peintres des Ducs de Bourgogne." Revue de l'art ancien et moderne 20 (1906): 258, repro. 259.
1907Girodie, André. "La Toison d'or et l'art néerlandais sous les ducs de Bourgogne." L'Art de les Artistes 5 (September, 1907): 289-290, repro.
1907Strange, Edward. "The Exhibition of the Golden Fleece at Bruges." The Connoisseur 19, no. 73 (1907): 32, repro.
1907Mandach, C. de "L'Exposition de la toison d'or et de l'art néerlandais sous les ducs de Bourgogne." Revue de l'art ancien et moderne 22 (1907): 155.
1907Hymans, Henri. Les Van Eyck. Paris, 1907: 111-112, repro. 109.
1907Hymans, Henri. "L'Exposition de la toison d'or à Bruges." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 38 (1907): 203-204, repro. opp. 204.
1907Friedländer, Max J. "Eyck, Jan van." In Thieme-Becker. 37 vols. Leipzig, 1907-1950: 11(1915):129-133.
1907Les Chefs-d'oeuvre de l'art flamand à l'exposition de la toison d'or. Bruges, 1907: 16-17, repro.
1907"Correspondance de Belgique. L'exposition de la toison d'or à Bruges." La Chronique des Arts et de la Curiosité no. 26 (1907): 252.
1908Weale, W. H. James. Hubert and John van Eyck. Their Life and Work. London, 1908: 119-122, no. 16, repro. betw. 118 and 119.
1908Saintenoy, Paul. L'Église Saint-Jacques de Compostelle et le décor architectural de l'Annonciation de Jean van Eyck. Antwerp, 1908: 4-5, 8-10.
1908Les Chefs-d'oeuvre d'art ancien à l'exposition de la toison d'or à Bruges en 1907. Brussels, 1908: 78, pl. 361.
1909Wrangell, Baron Nicolas. Les Chefs-d’Oeuvre de la Galérie de Tableaux de l’Ermitage Impérial à St. Pétersbourg. London, 1909: 11, repro. 62.
1910Durand-Gréville, E. Hubert et Jean van Eyck. Brussels, 1910: 80-85, repro. opp. 80.
1910"Extraits des procès-verbaux des séances. Séance de rentrée du 13 novembre 1907." Mémoires de l'Académie des sciences, arts et belle-lettres de Dijon 4e sér. 11 (1910): 70.
1912Kern, G. Joseph. "Perspective und Bildarchitektur bei Jan van Eyck." Repertorium für Kunstwissenschaft 35 (1912): 50-51.
1912Réau, Louis. "La galerie de tableaux de l'Ermitage et la collection Semenov. 2: Ecoles de Nord." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 8 (December 1912): 471-472.
1912Weale, W. H. James, and Maurice Brockwell. The Van Eycks and Their Art. London, 1912: 98-102, pl. 19.
1913Durand-Gréville, E. Review of The Van Eycks and their Art by W. H. James Weale and Maurice Brockwell. In La Chronique des Arts et de la Curiosité no. 32 (1913): 254.
1919Huizinga, Johan. Herfsttij der Middeleeuwen. Haarlem, 1919: 474-476.
1921Brockwell, Maurice. "Exposition des Beaux-Arts de Burlington Club." La Chronique des Arts et de la Curiosité no. 2 (1921): 14.
1921Conway, Martin. The Van Eycks and Their Followers. London, 1921: 64-65.
1922Pfister, Kurt. Van Eyck. Munich, 1922: 62, pl. 14.
1924Friedländer, Max J. Die altniederländische Malerei 14 vols.,1924-1937. Berlin, 1924: 1:104-105, pl. 44. (English ed., 14 vols., 1967-1976. Leiden, 1967: 1:63-64, pl. 57.)
1924Winkler, Friedrich. Die alniederländische Malerei. Berlin, 1924: 49.
1924Schmarsow, August. Hubert und Jan van Eyck. Leipzig, 1924: 135-141, pl. 29.
1925Burger, Willy. Die Malerei in den Niederlanden 1400-1550. Munich, 1925: 18-20, pl. 10.
1927Reinach, S. "Three Early Panels from the Ducal Residence at Dijon."The Burlington Magazine 50 (1927): 234-245.
1928Demonts, Louis. "Le Maître de l'Annonciation d'Aix, des van Eyck à Antonello de Messine." Revue de l'art ancien et moderne 53 (1928): 265, 278.
1932Tolnai, Karl von. "Zur Herkunft des Stiles der van Eyck." Münchner Jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst 9 (1932): 322.
1934Friedländer, Max J. "A New Painting by van Eyck." The Burlington Magazine 65 (1934): 3.
1934Jong, Johannes de. Architektuur bij de Nederlandsche Schilders vóór de Hervorming. Amsterdam, 1934: 70-71, 134, 155-156, figs. 65, 128, 149.
1935"Mellon to Give Gallery and 19,000,000 of Art to Nation." Art Digest 9 (1 March, 1935): 6, repro.
1935Tietze, Hans. Meisterwerke europäischer Malerei in Amerika. Vienna, 1935: 123, repro. (English ed., Masterpieces of European Painting in America. New York, 1939: 123, repro.).
1935"Mellon Holdings Are Announced by Knoedler & Co." Art News 33 (23 February, 1935): 4, repro. 9.
1935Panofsky, Erwin. "The Friedsam Annunciation and the Problem of the Ghent Altarpiece." Art Bulletin 17, no. 4 (December 1935): 449, 468, 471, 473, fig. 22.
1936Robb, David. "The Iconography of the Annunciation in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries." Art Bulletin 18 (1936): 506-508, fig. 31.
1937Cortissoz, Royal. An Introduction to the Mellon Collection. Boston, 1937: repro. opposite p. 31.
1937Jewell, Edward Alden. "Mellon's Gift." Magazine of Art 30, no. 2 (February 1937): 82.
1937Dupont, Jacques. "Les peintures de la Chartreuse de Champmol." Bulletin de la Société de l'Histoire de l'Art Français (1937): 155-157.
1937Beenken, Hermann. "The Annunciation of Petrus Christus in the Metropolitan Museum and the Problem of Hubert van Eyck." Art Bulletin 19 (1937): 231.
1938Burroughs, Alan. Art Criticism from a Laboratory. Boston, 1938: 201-202.
1939De Tolnay, Charles. Le Maître de Flémalle et les frères van Eyck. Brussels, 1939: 25, 66, no. 5, repro. 71-73.
1941De Tolnay, Charles. "Flemish Paintings in the National Gallry of Art." Magazine of Art 34 (1941): 175-176, 178, figs. 1, 3-5.
1941Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 61-62, no. 39.
1941Held, Julius S. "Masters of Northern Europe, 1430-1660, in the National Gallery." Art News 40, no. 8 (June 1941): 11, repro.
1942Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 240, repro. 38.
1942Friedländer, Max J. On Art and Connoisseurship. London, 1942: 186-187.
1943Beenken, Hermann. Hubert und Jan van Eyck. 2d ed. Munich, 1943: 78-80, 88, pl. 106.
1944Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Masterpieces of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1944: 84, color repro.
1945Meiss, Millard. "Light as Form and Symbol in Some Fifteenth-Century Paintings." Art Bulletin 27 (1945): 178-179, fig. 4.
1946Favorite Paintings from the National Gallery of Art Washington, D.C.. New York, 1946: 43-45, color repro.
1948Musper, Theodor. Untersuchungen zu Rogier van der Weyden und Jan van Eyck. Stuttgart, 1948: 104-105, pl. 165.
1948Beer, E. S. de. "Gothic: Origin and Diffusion of the Term; the Idea of Style in Architecture." Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld InstitutesI 11 (1948): 159.
1949L. J. Roggeveen. "De National Gallery of Art te Washington." Phoenix 4, no. 12 (December 1949): 340.
1949Paintings and Sculpture from the Mellon Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1949 (reprinted 1953 and 1958): 52, repro.
1950Kauffmann, Hans. "Jan van Eyck's `Arnolfinihochzeit.'" Geistige Welt 4 (January, 1950): 48-49, repro.
1952Meiss, Millard. "`Nicolas Albergati' and the Chronology of Jan van Eyck's Portraits." The Burlington Magazine 94 (1952): 137.
1952Baldass, Ludwig. Jan van Eyck. London, 1952: 54-55, 277-278, no. 9, pls. 113-115.
1952Ladoué, Pierre. "La Scène de L'Annunciation vue par les peintres." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 39 (1952): 355.
1953Panofsky Erwin. Early Netherlandish Painting: Its Origins and Character. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1953: 1:137-139, 147-148, 193-194, 2: pl. 111, fig. 238.
1954Fourez, Lucien. "L'Évêque Chevrot de Tournai et sa Cité de Dieu." Revue Belge d'Archéologie et d'Histoire de l'Art 23 (1954): 100-101, fig. 16.
1954Tietze, Hans. Treasures of the Great National Galleries. New York, 1954: 112, 122-123, pl. 195.
1955Winkler, Friedrich. Review of Early Netherlandish Painting by Erwin Panofsky. In Kunstchronik 8 (1955): 22.
1956Herzog, Erich. "Zur Kirchenmadonna van Eycks." Berliner Museen 6 (1956): 5, 14.
1956Pächt, Otto. "Review of Early Netherlandish Painting by Erwin Panofsky." The Burlington Magazine 98 (1956): 274.
1956Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1956: 36, repro.
1957Quarré, Pierre. "Fragment d'un primitif de la Chartreuse de Champmol au Musée des Arts Decoratifs." La Revue des Arts 7 (1957): 63.
1957Shapley, Fern Rusk. Comparisons in Art: A Companion to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. London, 1957 (reprinted 1959): 12, fig 6, pl. 7, 121
1960Broadley Hugh T. Flemish Painting in the National Gallery of Art (Booklet no. 5 in Ten Schools of Painting in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC). Washington, 1960: 12-13, color repro.
1960[Pierre Quarré]. La Chartreuse de Champmol: Foyer d'art au temps des Ducs Valois. Exh. cat. Musée de Dijon, 1960: 15.
1960The National Gallery of Art and Its Collections. Foreword by Perry B. Cott and notes by Otto Stelzer. National Gallery of Art, Washington (undated, 1960s): 7, 19, color repro.
1960Wilenski, R. H. Flemish Painters 1430-1830. 2 vols. New York, 1960: 1:12.
1961Seznec, Jean. "Michelet et l'Annonciation." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 58 (1961): 147, fig. 151.
1961Schilling, Rosy. "Das Llangattock-Stundenbuch. Sein Verhältnis zu Van Eyck und dem Vollender des Turin Mailänder Stundenbuches." Wallraf-Richartz-Jahrbuch 23 (1961): 225.
1961Denis, Valentin. All the Paintings of Jan van Eyck. New York, 1961: 28, 48, pls. 81-85.
1961Meiss, Millard. "`Highlands' in the Lowlands. Jan van Eyck, the Master of Flémalle and the Franco-Italian Tradition." Gazette des Beaux Arts 57 (1961): 310.
1961Kurz, Otto. "Eyck, Hubert, and Jan van." In Encyclopedia of World Art. 16 vols. New York, Toronto, and London, 1959-1983. Vol 5 (1961): column 327.
1961Faggin, Giuseppe. Van Eyck. Verona, 1961: 116, 126, 195, no. 14, figs. 73-76.
1963Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 96, repro.
1963Bauch, Kurt. "Bildnisse des Jan van Eyck." Sitzungsberichte der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften. Jahresheft 1961/1962. Wiesbaden, 1963: 101. Repr. in Kurt Bauch, Studien zur Kunstgechichte. Berlin, 1967: 83.
1963Bruyn, Josua. "Twee Kardinaalsportretten in het werk van Jan van Eyck." Album Discipulorum J. G. van Gelder. Utrecht, 1963: 30.
1963McNamee, M. B. "Further Symbolism in the Portinari Altarpiece." Art Bulletin 45, no. 2 (June 1963): 143.
1965Bol, L. J. Jan van Eyck. New York, 1965: 87, repro. 47.
1965Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 48
1966Schiller, Gertrud. Ikonographie der christlichen Kunst. 6 vols. Gütersloh, 1966-1990: 1:60-62, 213, 288-289, fig. 116.
1966Walton, William. "Parnassus on Potomac." Art News 65 (March 1966): 37.
1966Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 1:74-75, color repro.
1967Thalheimer, Siegfried. Der Genter Altar. Munich, 1967: 71.
1968Faggin, Giorgio T. L'opera completa dei van Eyck. Milan, 1968: 94-95, repro. no. 18, pls. 35-36.
1968Meiss, Millard. French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Bouciaut Master. London, 1968: 72-73.
1968Cuttler, Charles D. Northern Painting, from Pucelle to Bruegel: Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Sixteenth Centuries. New York, 1968: 85-86, fig. 101.
1968European Paintings and Sculpture: Illustrations (Companion to the Summary Catalogue, 1965). Washington, 1968: 41, no. 39, repro.
1969Minott, Charles. "The Theme of the Mérode Altarpiece." Art Bulletin 51 (1969): 267.
1969Pauwels, H. "Review of Der Genter Altar by Siegfried Thalheimer." The Burlington Magazine 111 (1969): 393.
1969Blum, Shirley Neilsen. Early Netherlandish Triptychs. Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1969: 10.
1969Peman y Pemartin, Cesar. Juan van Eyck y España. Cadiz, 1969: 43-44, fig. 24.
1970Cooke, Hereward Lester. The National Gallery of Art in Washington. Munich and Ahrbeck/Hanover, 1970: 60-61, color fig. 27.
1971Philip, Lotte Brand. The Ghent Altarpiece and the Art of Jan van Eyck. Princeton, 1971: 139, fig. 138.
1971Strauss, Konrad. "Keramikgefässe, insbesondere Fayencegefässe auf Tafelbildern der deutschen und niederländischen Schule des 15. und 16. Jahrhunderts." Keramik-Freunde der Schweiz. Mitteilungsblatt no. 84 (197l): 22, pl. 3, fig. 1.
1972Braunfels, Wolfgang. Monasteries of Western Europe. Princeton, 1972: 120, fig. 145.
1972Kahr, Madlyn. "Delilah." Art Bulletin 54 (1972): 284.
1973Stangel, Andrew Laurie. "The Cartographic Symbolism in Jan van Eyck's Annunciation in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C." Comitatus 4 (1973): 41-48, repro. 44, 45.
1973Koller, Manfred. "Der Albrechtsmeister und Conrad Laib. Technologische Beiträge zur Tafelmalerei des `Realistischen Stiles' in Österreich." Österreichische Zeitschrift für Kunst und Denkmalpflege 27 (1973): 52.
1974Birkmeyer, Karl. Review of The Ghent Altarpiece and the Art of Jan van Eyck by Lotte Brand Philip. In The Art Bulletin 56 (1974): 286.
1974Meiss, Millard. French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Limbourgs and their Contemporaries. New York, 1974: 446.
1974Walker, John. Self-Portrait with Donors: Confessions of an Art Collector. Boston, 1974: 115.
1975Collier, James Mitchell. "Linear Perspective in Flemish Painting and the Art of Petrus Christus and Dirk Bouts." Ph.D. diss., University of Michigan, 1975: 62-63, fig. 16.
1975Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1975: 120, repro. 121.
1975European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 124, 125, no. 39, repro.
1975Ward, John. "Hidden Symbolism in Jan van Eyck's Annunciations." Art Bulletin 57, no. 2 (June 1975): 196-208, repro.
1976Sterling, Charles. "Jan van Eyck avant 1432." Revue de l'Art no. 33 (1976): 9, 11.
1977Williams, Carolyn. "Jan van Eyck's Annunciation: An Iconographical Study." M.A. thesis, University of Delaware, 1977.
1978Bernardini, Cecilia. Jan van Eyck. Rome, 1978: 12, pl. 20.
1978Panhans-Bühler, Ursula. Eklektizismus und Originalität im Werk des Petrus Christus. Vienna, 1978: 71, fig. 4.
1979Watson, Ross. The National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1979: 47-48, pl. 30.
1979Châtelet, Albert. Van Eyck. Bologna, 1979: 40, 42, pl. 7.
1980Dhanens, Elisabeth. Hubert and Jan van Eyck. Antwerp, 1980: 355, 358, fig. 221.
1981O'Meara, Carra Ferguson. "Isabelle of Portugal as the Virgin in Jan van Eyck's Washington Annunciation." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 97 (1981): 99-103, figs. 1-2.
1981Lyman, Thomas. "Architectural Portraiture and Jan van Eyck's Washington Annunciation." Gesta 20 no. 1 (1981): 263-271, fig. 1.
1982Purtle, Carol J. The Marian Paintings of Jan van Eyck. Princeton, 1982: 40-58, 60, 75, figs. 26, 28-29.
1983Giltay, J. Review of Hubert and Jan van Eyck by Elisabeth Dhanens. In Simiolus 13 (1983): 56-57.
1984Lane, Barbara G. The Altar and the Altarpiece: Sacramental Themes in Early Netherlandish Painting. New York, 1984: 45-47, fig. 28.
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 120, no. 104, cover, color repro.
1985Snyder, James E. Northern Renaissance Art: Painting, Sculpture, the Graphic Arts from 1350-1575. New York, 1985: 103-104, fig. 103.
1985European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 150, repro.
1986Hand, John Oliver and Martha Wolff. Early Netherlandish Painting. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington,1986: 76-86, color repro. 77.
1991Harbison, Craig. Jan van Eyck: The Play of Realism. Seattle, 1991: 174-175, fig. 114. (Second edition, London, 2012: 192-193, 233-234, color fig. 108.)
1991Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 88, 90, 91, color repro.
1992National Gallery of Art, Washington. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 40, color repro.
1993"National Gallery of Art, Washington." La Muse: Bulletin of the Tokyo Fuki Art Museum 4, no. 27 (1993): 26, repro.
1993Adams, Laurie Schneider. Art and Psychoanalysis. New York, 1993: 228-230, fig. 83
1994Hand, John Oliver. Jan van Eyck's 'Annunication'. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1994.
1995Held, Heinz-Georg. Engel: Geschichte eines Bildmotivs. Cologne, 1995: 150-153, color fig. 6.
1995Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. New York, 1995: 18, fig. 5.
1996Huizinga, Johan. The Autumn of the Middle Ages. Translated by Rodney J. Payton and Ulrich Mammitzsch. Chicago, 1996: 335-336, pl. 29.
1996Hunter, Sam and Melissa de Medeiros. The Rise of the Art World in America: Knoedler at 150. Exh. cat. M. Knoedler & Company, New York, 1996: 13.
1996Landi, Ann. "150 Years of Helping Shape a Nation's Taste." New York Times (December 1, 1996): 46.
1996Herzner, Volker. Jan van Eyck und der Genter Altar. Worms, 1996: 116, 122 note 31, 129 note 56, 150, 243, fig. 40.
1996Wallis, Stephen. "Sketchbook: Knoedler Turns 150." Art & Antiques 19, no. 10 (November 1996): 18, color repro.
1997Richler, Martha. National Gallery of Art, Washington: A World of Art. London, 1997: 40-41, color fig. 21.
1997Butler, Marigene H. “An Investigation of the Philadelphia “Saint Francis Receiving the Stigmata.” In Jan van Eyck: Two Paintings of Saint Francis Receiving the Stigmata, edited by Joseph J. Rishel. Exh. cat. Philadelphia, 1997: 40-41, 44 nt. 1, 45, nt. 22, 46, nt. 23, color fig. 57.
1997Shaw-Eagle, Joanna. "Christ's Birth Gave Birth to Astounding Images: Gallery Glitters with holy Masterpieces." Washington Times (December 21, 1997): D1, repro.
1997Kehoe, Thomas J., Harold E. Damerow, Jose E. Duvall. Exploring Western Civilization, to 1648: A Workbook for the Active Student. Dubuque, 1997: 431, fig. 5.5.
1998Ainsworth, Maryan W. "Religious Painting from about 1420 to 1500: In the Eye of the Beholder." In From Van Eyck to Bruegel: Early Netherlandish Painting in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Edited by Maryan W. Ainsworth and Keith Christiansen. Exh. cat. Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1998: 79, 81-82, fig. 44.
1998Apostolos-Cappadona, Diane. "Virgin/Virginity." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art. Chicago, 1998: 2:905.
1998McLellan, Diana. "Really Big Shows." Washingtonian 33, no. 11 (August 1998): 70.
1999Toman, Rolf, ed. Art of Gothic: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting. Translated by Christian von Arnim. Cologne, 1999: 407, color repro.
1999Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. 2 vols. Revised ed. New York, 1999: 2:18, fig. 5.
1999Vogel, Carol. "Finding Fashion and History on th Edges: Museums Look Again at Their Picture Frames." New York Times (September 2, 1999): C1, C3.
2000Il'in, Nikolas, and Natalia Semënova. Prodannye sokrovishcha Rossii [Sold Treasures of Russia]. Moscow, 2000: 180-181, repro.
2001Jong, Martien J.G. de. Kerstfeest in de Middeleeuwen. Leuven, 2001: 80, 89, color fig. 43.
2001Holm, Kerstin. "Kaum enteignet, schon verscherbelt." Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung no. 23 (27 January 2001): 21.
2002Kaufman, John Edward. "Show of Netherlandish Art Another Charm of Brugge." Washington Times (June 15, 2002): 52.
2002Prochno, Renate. Die Kartause von Champmol: Grablege der burgundischen Herzöge 1364-1477. Berlin, 2002: 207-209, fig. 107.
2002Borchert, Till-Holger. "The Age of Van Eyck: The Mediterranean World and Early Netherlandish Painting 1430-1530. Exh. cat. Groeningemuseum, Bruges. London, 2002: 22, 67, fig. 17.
2004Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 38-41, no. 28, color repros.
2005Snyder, James E. Northern Renaissance Art: Painting, Sculpture, the Graphic Arts from 1350 to 1575. Revised by Larry Silver and Henry Luttikhuizen. Upper Saddle River, 2005: 99-100, fig. 5.16.
2005Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Rev. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, 2005: 593, color fig. 17-12.
2006Purtle, Carol J. "The Context of Van Eyck's Approach to the Thyssen Annunciation Diptych." In Hand, John Oliver and Ron Spronk, eds. Essays in Context: Unfolding the Netherlandish Diptych. Cambridge and New Haven, 2006: 76-77, fig. 4
2008Nash, Susie. Northern Renaissance Art. Oxford History of Art series. Oxford, 2008: 205.
2008Lindquist, Sherry C.M. Agency, Visuality and Society at the Chartreuse de Champmol. Aldershot, 2008: 78-79 nt.203.
2008Borchert, Till-Holger. Van Eyck. Cologne, 2008: 49-51, color repro.
2009Odom, Anne, and Wendy R. Salmond, eds. Treasures into Tractors: The Selling of Russia's Cultural Heritage, 1918-1938. Washington, D.C., 2009: 91, 104 nn. 50 and 51,130 fig. 5.8, 131, fig. 5.9, 135 n. 62.
2009Hudson, Hugh. Jan van Eyck: The Ince Hall Virgin and Child and the Scientific Examination of Early Netherlandish Painting. Saarbrücken, 2009: 94, 125, 156, 160, 170, 210, 265.
2011Kemperdick, Stephan. “Saints with Shadows: Konrad Witz and Netherlandish Painting.” In Konrad Witz. Exh. cat. Kunstmuseum Basel, 2011. Ostfildern, 2011: 41, color fig. 19.
2011Fiedler, Susanne, and Torsten Knuth. "Vexierbilder einer Biographie: Dr. Heinz Mansfeld (1899-1959)." Mecklenburgische Jahrbücher 126 (2011):307.
2012Jack, Belinda. The Woman Reader. New Haven, 2012: 110, fig. 27.
2012Uspenski, Boris. "The Composition of the Ghent Altarpiece (Divine and Human Perspectives)." In Vision and Material: Interaction Between Art and Science in Jan van Eyck's Time. Brussels, 2012: 198-199, color fig. 10.6.
2013Harris, Neil. Capital Culture: J. Carter Brown, the National Gallery of Art, and the Reinvention of the Museum Experience. Chicago, 2013: 2, 465.
2013König, Eberhard. “Wie die Welt in die Bilder kam.” Weltkunst 68 (January 2013): 44, 47, 49, color repro.

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