National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION

Tour: The Early Renaissance in Florence

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image of The Annunciation image of Matteo Olivieri (?) image of Saint John in the Desert
1 2 3
image of The Adoration of the Magi image of Madonna and Child image of David with the Head of Goliath
4 5 6
« back to Italian Painting of the 15th century


In fifteenth-century Florence, many people believed themselves to be living in a new age. The term "Renaissance," already coined by the sixteenth century, describes the "rebirth" from the dark ages of intellectual decline that followed the brilliance of ancient civilization. In Italy, especially, the Renaissance was spurred by a revival of Greek and Roman learning. Works by classical authors, lost to the West for centuries, were rediscovered, and with them a new, humanistic outlook that placed man and human achievement at the center of all things. (continue)


1Masolino da Panicale, The Annunciation, c. 1423/1424
2Florentine 15th Century, Matteo Olivieri (?), 1430s
3Domenico Veneziano, Saint John in the Desert, c. 1445/1450
4Fra Angelico and Fra Filippo Lippi, The Adoration of the Magi, c. 1440/1460
5Fra Filippo Lippi, Madonna and Child, c. 1440
6Andrea del Castagno, David with the Head of Goliath, c. 1450/1455
7Benozzo Gozzoli, The Feast of Herod and the Beheading of Saint John the Baptist, 1461-1462
8Fra Carnevale, The Annunciation, c. 1445/1450