Antwerp 16th Century (Possibly Matthys Cock)|
Antwerp 16th Century (painter)
Matthys Cock (painter)
Netherlandish, c. 1509 - 1548
The Martyrdom of Saint Catherine, c. 1540
oil on plywood transferred from panel
overall: 62.2 x 118.2 cm (24 1/2 x 46 9/16 in.) framed: 86.3 x 141.6 x 8.2 cm (34 x 55 3/4 x 3 1/4 in.)
Samuel H. Kress Collection
Object 5 of 7
Conservation NotesThe transfer to plywood took place before 1936. According to Glück the original support was poplar. Sometime shortly after 1932 several figures in the foreground, which seem to have been later additions, were removed. It is likely that the painting was transferred at the same time. There are extensive, evenly scattered insect exit holes in the paint and ground layers and no sign in either of horizontal join lines. Poplar is more susceptible to insect damage and worm tunneling than oak and is more likely to exist as a single piece of wood the size of this painting. There are scattered losses of varying sizes throughout, but the actual extent of abrasion is difficult to gauge under the thick varnish. There are repainted losses in the upper and lower left corners and along the right and bottom edges. Extensive later glazes are found in the sky at the upper left and to a lesser extent in the upper right and in the foreground landscape. Underdrawing in what appears to be brown paint is visible with the naked eye. The only underdrawing revealed by infrared reflectography is in the mountain at the far right.
 Glück 1936, no. 2, gives the support as plywood and cites the owner's statement that the painting was originally on poplar. The reproduction shows the picture with the extra figures removed. Michel 1932,130, fig. 3, reproduces the painting with the figures present.
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