National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of Saint Jerome Penitent [left panel] Jan Gossaert (artist)
Netherlandish, c. 1478 - 1532
Saint Jerome Penitent [left panel], c. 1509/1512
oil on panel
painted surface: 86.7 x 24.5 cm (34 1/8 x 9 5/8 in.) overall (panel): 86.7 x 25.3 cm (34 1/8 x 9 15/16 in.) framed: 94.3 x 61.2 x 5.7 cm (37 1/8 x 24 1/8 x 2 1/4 in.)
Samuel H. Kress Collection
On View
From the Tour: Antwerp in the Early 1500s
Object 1 of 7

Conservation Notes

Each panel consists of a single board with vertical grain. Both panels have been planed down to a thickness of 0.2 cm and were laminated onto a second wood panel. After being separated by Mario Modestini in 1950 the panels were cradled and narrow strips of wood were added to the right and left sides of each panel. The paintings were restored by Modestini in 1950 and a few areas were again treated by him in 1956. Although the support is in plane, x-radiographs indicate rather long vertical splits, three in each panel. These have been filled and retouched. Examination with infrared reflectography reveals scattered areas of underdrawing in the drapery and the landscape to the right of Jerome's left hand. Underdrawing is intermittently visible; there may be more that is not registering due to gray pigment, containing carbon black, in the upper paint layer that would register as opaque. Variations in transparency under infrared reflectography suggest that a number of different pigments were used to create the grisaille effect.

The panels are in fairly good condition. There is moderate abrasion in the hands and chest of Saint Jerome and to a lesser extent in areas of the sky, drapery and flesh. There is scattered retouching throughout the sky of both panels as well as in the lion and the face of Saint Jerome. To the right of Jerome's head and shoulders are several scratches.

The "yellow glazes" in the figure of Jerome mentioned by Eisler and others are actually discolored restorations probably applied to mask areas of abrasion.

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