National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of A Lady in Her Bath François Clouet (artist)
French, before 1520 - 1572
A Lady in Her Bath, c. 1571
oil on oak
overall: 92.3 x 81.2 cm (36 5/16 x 31 15/16 in.)
Samuel H. Kress Collection
1961.9.13
On View
From the Tour: The Netherlands and France in the 1500s
Object 8 of 8

1903Cook, Francis. Abridged Catalogue of the Pictures at Doughty House, Richmond. London, 1903: 6, no 14.
1904Lafenestre, Georges. “L’exposition des primitifs français.” Gazette des Beaux-Arts 3é pér. 32 (1904): 138-139, repro. (As “by François Quesnel?”)
1904Durand-Gréville, Emile. "The Sixteenth Century at the Exhibition of French Primitives." The Burlington Magazine 6, no. 20 (November 1904):155, no. 226, repro.
1904Dimier, Louis. Le Portrait du XVIe siècle aux primitifs français. Notes et corrections au catalogue officiel sur cette partie de l'exposition d'avril-juillet 1904. Paris, 1904: 23-25.
1905Reinach, Salomon. Répertoire de peintures du Moyen Age et de la Renaissance (1280-1580). 6 vols., 1905-1923. Paris, 1922: 5:36, fig. 2.
1907Dimier, Louis. "Clouet, François." In Thieme-Becker. 37 vols. Leipzig, 1907-1950: 7(1912):117-118.
1915Brockwell, Maurice W. A Catalogue of the Paintings at Doughty House, Richmond, & Elsewhere in the Collection of Sir Frederick Cook, Bt, Visconde de Monserrate. 3 vols. London, 1915: 3:44-45, no. 426, repro.
1920Reinach, Salomon. "Diane de Poitiers et Gabrielle d'Estrées." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 5e pér, 62, no. 21 (1920): 163-170, repro.
1924Moreau-Nélaton, Étienne. Les Clouet et leurs émules. Paris, 1924: 1, 75, fig. 20.
1926Hendy, Philip. "French Painting in the XVIth Century. The Clouets and the Birth of Decorative Painting." Apollo: A Journal of the Arts 3 (January to June 1926): 50-51, repro.
1929Adler, Irene. "Die Clouet. Versuch einer Stilkritik." Jahrbuch des kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wein. N.F.3 (1929): 214, 227, 230, 232-234, 246, no. 13, repro.
1929Fourreau, Armand. Les Clouet. Paris, 1929: 57, fig. 60.
1931Jamot, Paul. "French Painting I." The Burlington Magazine 59 (1931): repro. facing 257.
1931Marle, Raimond van. Iconographie de l'art profane au Moyen-Age et à la Renaissance. 2 vols. The Hague, 1931: 509.
1931Babelon, Jean. "Sixteenth Century Painting in France." Formes 20 (1931): 170-171, repro.
1932Chamot, Mary. "The Exhibition of French Art." Apollo 15, no. 85 (January 1932): 3, 5.
1932Dézarrois, André. "Chroniques. L'art français à Londres." La Revue de l'art Ancien et Moderne 61 (1932): 83-84, repro.
1932Jamot, Paul. "French Painting II." The Burlington Magazine 60, no. 346 (January 1932): 3.
1932Brockwell, Maurice W. Abridged Catalogue of the Pictures at Doughty House, Richmond, Surrey, in the Collection of Sir Herbert Cook, Bart. London, 1932: 7, no. 426, pl. 1.
1932Cox, Trenchard. "A Last View of the French Exhibition." The Connoisseur 89, no. 367 (March 1932): 150.
1932Cox, Trenchard. "A First View of the French Exhibition." The Connoisseur 89, no. 365 (January 1932): 5-6, fig. 11.
1933Commemorative Catalogue of the Exhibition of French Art, 1200-1900. Exh. cat. Royal Academy of Arts, London, January - March 1932. Oxford and London, 1933: 15-16, no. 49., pl. 21.
1935Ver Heyden de Lancey. "A Picture of Gabrielle d'Estrées attributed to Françios Pourbus le Jeune." The Connoisseur 96, no. 409 (September 1935): 138, repro. 139.
1937Dimier, Louis. "L'Art du portrait en France au XVIe s[iècle]: François Clouet." Le Dessin 9 (March 1937): 470.
1937Taylor, Francis Henry. "La Belle Diane: Two Portraits of the French Renaissance." Worcester Art Museum Annual 3 (1937-1938): 49.
1939Réau, Louis. French Painting in the XIVth, XVth, and XVIth Centuries. London, Paris, New York, 1939: 33, 83, repro.
1945Adhémar, Jean. "French Sixteenth Century Genre Paintings." Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 8 (1945): 193.
1945"The Cook Collection." The Studio 130 (1945): 25, repro.
1948Brion, Marcel. Lumière de la Renaissance. Paris, 1948: 154.
1949Wilenski, Reginald H. French Painting. Boston, 1949: 31-32.
1950Colombier, Pierre du. L'Art Renaissance en France. Paris, 1950: 90, 96, fig. 115.
1950"Diane de Poitiers au Bain." Aesculape (October, 1950): 192, repro.
1951Sabin, André. La Peinture française du XVIe siècle. Paris, 1951: 2.
1951Hevesy, André de. "L'Histoire véridique de la Jaconde." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 6e pér., 40 (1952): 17-19, repro.
1951Polaillon-Kerven, Gisèle. "Beautés de légend et légendes de beauté." Amour de l'Art 49-51 (1951): 29, 31, repro.
1954Blunt, Anthony. Art and Architecture in France 1500-1700. Baltimore, 1954: 69-70, pl. 48.
1955Murray, Linda. "The French Portrait." History Today 5, no. 9 (September 1955): 585, repro.
1955Sterling, Charles. A Catalogue of French Paintings. 3 vols. Vol. 1, XV-XVIII Centuries, Metropolitan Museum of Art. Cambridge, Mass., 1955: 1:53-54.
1955Le Triomphe du maniérisme européen de Michel-Ange au Greco. Exh. cat., Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1955:57, 67, no. 34, no. 52.
1956Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Colllection Acquired by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation 1951-56. Introduction by John Walker, text by William E. Suida and Fern Rusk Shapley. National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1956: 52-55, no. 17, repro.
1956Walker, John. "The Nation's Newest Old Masters." The National Geographic Magazine 110, no. 5 (November 1956): 624, 628, color repro. 642.
1957Shapley, Fern Rusk. Comparisons in Art: A Companion to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. London, 1957 (reprinted 1959): 33, 38, 43, 50, 127, frontispiece, pl. 127.
1957"The Story Behind the Painting, 10: The Lady of the Ice-Cold Bath." Look 21, no. 6 (March 19, 1957): 100-101, color repro.
1959Cooke, Hereward Lester. French Paintings of the 16th-18th Centuries in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 1959 (Booklet Number Four in Ten Schools of Painting in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.): 12, color repro.
1959Huebner, Fr. M. "Ein wertvoller Fund." Die Weltkunst 29 (1959): 5.
1959Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 335, repro.
1960The National Gallery of Art and Its Collections. Foreword by Perry B. Cott and notes by Otto Stelzer. National Gallery of Art, Washington (undated, 1960s): 9, color repro. 12.
1960Béguin, Sylvie. L'Ecole de Fontainebleau. Le Maniérisme à la cour de France. Paris, 1960: 94-95, 106, repro.
1961Seymour, Charles. Art Treasures for America: An Anthology of Paintings & Sculpture in the Samuel H. Kress Collection. London, 1961: 114-115, 209, fig. 105, color fig. 106-107.
1961Babelon, Jean. La Civilisation française de la Renaissance. Tournai, 1961: 193.
1961Blumer, Marie-Louise. "Clouet (François, dit Janet)." Dictionnaire de Biographie française 17 vols., 1933-1989. Paris, 1961: 9:38.
1961Goldblatt, Maurice H. Deux grandes maîtres français: le maître de Moulins identifié; Jean Perréal, 40 portraits identifiés. Paris, 1961: 40.
1962Neugass, Fritz. "Die Auflösung der Sammlung Kress." Die Weltkunst 32 (1962): 3-4, repro.
1962Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Treasures from the National Gallery of Art, New York, 1962: 100, color repro.
1963Châtelet, Albert, and Jacques Thuillier. French Painting from Fouquet to Poussin. Geneva, 1963: 111-112, 126, 128-130, repro.
1963Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 200, repro.
1963Haycraft, Robert Kenneth. “François Clouet’s Diane de Poitiers in Her Bath at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.” M.A. thesis, Johns Hopkins University, 1963.
1964Guilly, R. "Clouet, François." In Kindlers Malerei Lexikon edited by Germain Bazin et al. 6 vols., 1964-1971. Zürich, 1964: 1:758-:759, repro.
1964Mirimonde, Albert P. de. Review of La Peinture française de Fouquet à Poussin by Albert Châtelet and Jacques Thuillier. Gazette des Beaux-Arts 6e pér, no. 63 (1964): 370-371.
1965Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 29.
1965Réunion des musées nationaux. Le XVIe siècle européen: Peintures et dessins dans les collections publiques françaises. Exh. cat. Paris, Petit Palais, October 1965-January 1966. Paris, 1965: 59, 61, 277, under no. 74 and 338.
1966Trinquet, Roger. "L'Allégorie politique au XVIe siècle: la Dame au Bain de François Clouet (Washington)." Bulletin de la Société de l'Histoire de l'Art Français (1966): 99-119, repro.
1966The Women I Love: These Lovely Immigrants Are Part of Our National Treasure.” This Week Magazine (January 9, 1966): 10, color repro.
1966Chastel, André. "Diane de Poitiers: 'L'Eros de la beauté froide'." In Friendship's Garland: Essays Presented to Mario Praz on his Seventieth Birthday. Rome, 1966: 1:101, fig. 1. (Reprinted in Fables, Formes, Figures, Paris, 1978: 1: 269-270, repro.)
1966Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:2882-283, color repro.
1967Sterling, Charles. "Un Portrait inconnue par Jean Clouet." In Studies in Renaissance & Baroque Art, Presented to Anthony Blunt on his 60th Birthday. London, 1967: 88-89, fig. 3.
1968European Paintings and Sculpture: Illustrations (Companion to the Summary Catalogue, 1965). Washington, 1968: 22, no. 1370, repro.
1968Cuttler, Charles D. Northern Painting from Pucelle to Breughel. Fourteenth, Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries. New York, 1968: 466, repro.
1969Gebelin François. L’époque Henri IV et Louis XIII. Paris, 1969: 179.
1970Blunt, Anthony. Art and Architecture in France 1500-1700. 2nd ed. Baltimore, 1970: 65, pl. 48.
1970Sterling, Charles. "A Male Portrait by Jean Clouet." Museum Monographs: Papers on Objects in the Collection of City Art Museum of Saint Louis 2 (1970): 60-61, fig. 7.
1970Muehsam, Gerd. French Painters and Paintings from the Fourteenth Century to Post-Impressionism. New York, 1970: 40, 43-45, repro.
1970Châtelet, Albert, François-Georges Pariset and Raoul de Broglio. Chantilly, Musée Condé: Peintures de l'Ecole française. Paris, 1970: under no. 75.
1972L'Ecole de Fontainebleau, Exh. cat. Grand Palais, Paris, 1972: 54, no. 54, 214, no 242, 215, no. 243, 220, no. 246.
1972Laclotte, Michel. "Pour un Louvre ideal." Jardin des Arts no. 212-213 (July-August 1972): 34, repro.
1972Johnson, W. McAllister. "L'Ecole de Fontainebleau: The Paintings." La Chronique des Arts, Supplément à la Gazette des Beaux-Arts 6e pér, 150 no. 81 (January 1972): 42, fig. 42.
1972Ragghianti, Carlo L. "Pertineuze francesi nel Cinquecento." Critica d'Arte 19, n.s. 122 (1972): 46.
1972Sterling, Charles. “Pertenenze francesi nel Cinquecento.” Critica d’Arte ser. 2, 19 (37), no. 122 (March-April 1972): 46.
1973Fontainebleau: Art in France 1528-1610. Exh. cat. Ottowa, National Gallery of Canada, 1973. 2 vols. Ottowa, 1973: 2:39.
1974Rich, Daniel Catton. "French School." In European Paintings in the Collection of the Worcester Art Museum. Edited by Louisa Dresser. 2 vols. Worcester, 1974: 1:242, under no. 1932.23.
1975European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 72, repro.
1976Bunch, Fredrick. "Diane de Poitiers: Iconography as a Window on History." In College Art Association Abstracts of Papers Delivered in Art History Sessions, "Northern Art at the End of the Middle Ages." Chicago, February 1-4, 1976, 64th annual meeting. Chicago, 1976: 101.
1976Risatti, Howard. "A French Court Portrait." Bulletin of the Krannert Art Museum 2 (1976): 18, 20, fig. 8.
1977Eisler, Colin. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: European Schools Excluding Italian. Oxford, 1977: 253-257, figs. 241-243, as Lady Bathing with Children and Attendants.
1977Pope-Hennessy, John. "Completing the Account." Review of Colin Eisler, Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection, London 1977. Times Literary Supplement no. 3927 (17 June 1977).
1978Tanaka, Hidemichi. "Les deux Venus au bain: Un nouvelle analyse sur la 'Gabrielle d'Estrées et une de des soeurs' du Louvre." Art History (Tohuku University, Japan) 1 (1978): 23, 28, fig. 5.
1978Brown, David Alan, and Konrad Oberhuber. "Monna Vanna and Fornarina: Leonardo and Raphael in Rome." In Essays Presented to Myron P. Gilmore. 2 vols. Florence, 1978: 1:37.
1978Branshaw, Lilian and Dorothy M. Jones. "Luxury, Love, and Charity: Four Paintings from the School of Fontainebleau." Australian Journal of Art 3 (1978): 39-40, 43-45, 47-49, 53-57, repro.
1979Chastel, André. Fables, formes, figures. 2 vols. Paris, 1978: 1:269-270, repro.
1979Watson, Ross. The National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1979: 60, pl. 42.
1980Blunt, Anthony. Art and Architecture in France 1500-1700. 4th ed. Harmondsworth, 1980: 119, fig. 90.
1983Scaillierez, Cécil. “Clouet, François.” In Allgemeines Künstler-Lexikon: die bildenden Künstler aller Zeiten und Völker. Edited by Günther Meissner. 83+ vols. Munich and Leipzig, 1983+: 19(1998):595, 596.
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 224, no. 280, color repro.
1984Ingenhoff-Danhäuser, Monika. Maria Magdalena: Heilige und Sünderin in der italienischen Renaissance. Tübingen, 1984: 59, fig 56.
1985Snyder, James. Northern Renaissance Art: Painting, Sculpture, the Graphic Arts from 1350-1575. New York, 1985: 518, fig. 588.
1985European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 92, repro.
1987Delay, Florence. Les Dames de Fontainebleau. Milan, 1987: 53, 57, 60, fig. 39.
1987Lawner, Lynne. Lives of the Courtesans: Portraits of the Renaissance. New York, 1987: 159-160, 208, nt. 40, repro.
1990Campbell, Lorne. Renaissance Portraits: European Portrait-Painting in the 14th, 15th, and 16th Centuries. New Haven, 1990: 6-7, 109, color fig. 15.
1991Plogsterth, Ann. "The Institution of the Royal Mistress and the Iconography of Nude Portraiture in Sixteenth-Century France." Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, New York, 1991: 2-3, 34, 150-151, 157-158, 172-188, 221, 263-267, fig. 19.
1992Grèce, Michel de. Portrait et seduction. Paris, 1992: 164-165, repro.
1992National Gallery of Art, Washington. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 160, repro.
1992Sixteenth Century Renaissance Painting. Vol. 2: A Reading and Viewing of Famous Paintings. Tokyo, 1992: 123-125, repro. (in Japanese).
1992Châtelet, Albert. La peinture française, XVe et XVIe siècles. Geneva, 1992: 96, 110-113, repro.
1992Romm, Sharon. The Changing Face of Beauty. St. Louis, 1992: 209, repro.
1993Kurzel-Runtscheiner, Monica. Glanzvolles Elend: Die Inventare der Herzogin Jacobe von Jüglich-Kleve-Berg (1558-1597) und die Bedeutung von Luxusgüttern für die höfische Frau des 16. Jahrhunderts. Vienna, 1993: fig. 60.
1994Kamekura, Yusaku and Kijima, Shunsuke. Jozo ["Portraits of Women"]. Tokyo, 1994: 149, repro.
1994Sewell, Brian. "Lesbian Images." Antique International 8 (Summer 1994): 646-648, repro.
1996Mori Yoko, Wakakuwa Midori. Manierisumu. New History of World Art series, 1992-1997, vol. 15. Tokyo, 1996: 390, fig. 82.
1996Knab, Eckhart. “Clouet.” In The Dictionary of Art. Edited by Jane Turner. 34 vols. New York and London, 1996: 7:465, repro.
1996Zerner, Henri. L'art de la renaissance en France: L'invention du classicisme. Paris, 1996: 189-191, 198, 199, color fig. 215, 216.
1996Berstein, Serge, et al. Histoire seconde. Paris, 1996: 165, no. 18, repro.
1997Jollet, Etienne. Jean & François Clouet. Paris, 1997: 266-267, 272-273, repro.
1998Yūkō Shuppan. Seiyō kaiga 300-sen. Tokyo, 1998: 162, repro.
1998Apostolos-Cappadona, Diana. “Toilet Scenes." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art. Edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 2:873.
1999Smeyers, Jos and Maurits Smeyers. Misschein het tedere begrijpen: Dicter bij kunst. Leuven, 1999: 45, repro.
2000Brauchitsch, Boris von. Renaissance - Das 16. Jahrhundert: Galerie der grossen Meister. Text by Ulrich Pfisterer and Anna Rühl. Cologne, 2000: 146-147, color repro.
2004Danziger, Elon. "The Cook Collection: Its Founder and Its Inheritors." The Burlington Magazine 146, no. 1216 (July 2004): 448.
2004Ruby, Sigrid. "Das Porträt der schönen Frau bei François Clouet and Pierre de Ronsard.” In (En)gendered: Frühneuzeitlicher Kunstdiskurs und weibliche Porträtkultur nördlich der Alpen, edited by Simone Rogendord and Sigrid Ruby. Marburg, 2004: 71-74, 79-86, repro.
2004Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 116-117, no. 89, color repro.
2005Fahy, Everett, ed. The Wrightsman Pictures. New Haven, 2005: 21.
2005The Arts of France from François Ier to Napoléon Ier: A Centennial Celebration of Wildenstein's Presence in New York. Exh. cat. Wildenstein & Co., Inc., New York, 2005: 99-100, fig. 10b (Not in the exhibition).
2005Richard, Paul. "From the Collection: Washington's Prized Possessions." Washington Post (December 18, 2005): N8, color repro.
2007Ruby, Sigrid. “Diane de Poitiers: veuve et favorite.” In Patronnes et mecènes en France à la Renaissance, edited by Kathleen Wilson-Chevalier with Eugene Pascal. Saint-Étienne, 2007: 382, nt. 5.
2009Hand, John Oliver. "A Lady in Her Bath." In French Paintings of the Fifteenth through the Eighteenth Century by Philip Conisbee et al. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, 2009: 115-122, no. 23, color repro.
2009Fagnard, Laure. Léonard de Vinci en France: collections et collectionneurs (XVème – XVIIème siècles). Rome: Bretschneider, 2009: 70, 128, 393, fig. 24a.
2012Christie's New York. "School of Fontainbleau, circa 1600: Gabrielle d'Estrés and Her Sister, the Duchess of Villars." In The Art of France, sale code "Honore 2625" (January 25, 2012): 12, under lot 103.

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