National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of The Intruder Gabriel Metsu (artist)
Dutch, 1629 - 1667
The Intruder, c. 1660
oil on panel
overall: 66.6 x 59.4 cm (26 1/4 x 23 3/8 in.) framed: 93.4 x 85.1 x 12.1 cm (36 3/4 x 33 1/2 x 4 3/4 in.)
Andrew W. Mellon Collection
1937.1.57
On View
From the Tour: Johannes Vermeer and Dutch Scenes of Daily Life in the 1600s
Object 2 of 8

1829Smith, John. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch, Flemish and French Painters. 9 vols. London, 1829-1842: 4(1833):102-103, no. 94; 9:524, no. 29.
1834British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom. Catalogue of the works of ancient masters: the property of His Gracious Majesty William the Fourth, the Most Noble the Marquess of Westminster, and the Right Honourable Sir Charles Bagot, G.C.B. Exh. cat. British Institution, London, 1834: no. 103.
1850British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom. Catalogue of pictures by Italian, Spanish, Flemish, Dutch, French and English masters: with which the proprietors have favoured this Institution. June, 1850. Exh. cat. British Institution, London, 1850: no. 48.
1854Waagen, Gustav Friedrich. Treasures of Art in Great Britain: Being an Account of the Chief Collections of Paintings, Drawings, Sculptures, Illuminated Mss.. 3 vols. Translated by Elizabeth Rigby Eastlake. London, 1854: 2:183.
1857Thoré, Théophile E. J. (William Bürger). Trésors d’Art exposés à Manchester en 1857 et provenant des collections royales, des collections publiques et des collections particulières de la Grande-Bretagne. Paris, 1857: 275-276.
1857Art Treasures of the United Kingdom. Exh. cat. Art Treasures Palace, Manchester, 1857: no. 1059.
1860Viardot, Louis. Les Musées d'Angelterre, de Belgique de Hollande et de Russie. Paris, 1860: 155.
1860Waagen, Gustav Friedrich. Handbook of Painting: The German, Flemish and Dutch Schools. 2 vols. London, 1860: 1:367.
1861Blanc, Charles. "Gabriel Metsu." In École hollandaise. 2 vols. Histoire des peintres de toutes les écoles 1-2. Paris, 1861: 1:16 (each artist's essay paginated separately) .
1871Royal Academy of Arts. Exhibition of the works of the old masters, associated with works of deceased masters of the British School. Exh. cat. Royal Academy of Arts, Burlington House, London, 1871: no. 211.
1879Crowe, Joseph A. Handbook of Painting: The German, Flemish, and Dutch Schools. Based on editions by Waagen and Kugler. 2 vols. London, 1879: 2:399.
1885Gower, Ronald. The Northbrook Gallery: an illustrated, descriptive and historic account of the Collection of the Earl of Northbrook, G.C.S.I.. The Great Historic Galleries of England 4. London, 1885: 32.
1888Champlin, Jr., John Denison, and Charles C. Perkins, eds. Cyclopedia of painters and paintings. 4 vols. Translated. New York, 1888: 3:250.
1889Weale, William Henry James. A descriptive catalogue of the collection of pictures belonging to the Earl of Northbrook. 2 vols. London, 1889: 1:55, no. 74, 202-203, repro.
1889Royal Academy of Arts. Exhibition of works by the old masters, and by deceased masters of the British School. Winter Exhibition. Exh. cat. Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1889: no. 128.
1895Temple, Alfred G. Catalogue of the Loan Collection of Pictures. Exh. cat. Art Gallery of the Corporation of London, 1895: no. 121.
1897Roberts, William. Memorials of Christie's: A record of art sales from 1766 to 1896. 2 vols. London, 1897: 1:131.
1900Burlington Fine Arts Club. Exhibition of pictures by Dutch masters of the seventeenth century. Exh. cat. Burlington Fine Arts Club, London, 1900: no. 47.
1904Armstrong, Sir Walter. The Peel Collection and the Dutch School of Painting. London, 1904: 34-35.
1906Wurzbach, Alfred von. Niederlandisches Kunstler-Lexikon. 3 vols. Vienna, 1906-1911: 2(1910):150.
1906"Metsu." Masters in Art: A Series of Illustrated Monographs 7, part 78 (June 1906): 38, 41, pl. 5.
1907Hofstede de Groot, Cornelis. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century. 8 vols. Translated by Edward G. Hawke. London, 1907-1927: 1(1907):314-315, no. 190.
1907Gerson, Horst. "Metsu, Gabriel." In Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. 37 vols. Edited by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker. Leipzig, 1907-1950: 24(1930):439-441.
1909Kronig, Johann O. "Gabriel Metsu." Revue de l’art ancien et moderne 25 (1909): part 2, 213-224, repro.
1912The Masterpieces of Metsu (1630(?)-1667). Gowans's Art Books. London and Glasgow, 1912: 50, repro.
1926Collins Baker, Charles Henry. Dutch Painting of the Seventeenth Century. London, 1926: 24-25, color repro.
1937Jewell, Edward Alden. "Mellon's Gift." Magazine of Art 30, no. 2 (February 1937): 82.
1937"The Mellon Gift: A First Official List." Art News 35 (1937): 15.
1941Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 134, no. 57.
1941Held, Julius S. "Masters of Northern Europe, 1430-1660, in the National Gallery." Art News 40, no. 8 (June 1941): 12, repro.
1941Duveen Brothers. Duveen Pictures in Public Collections of America. New York, 1941: no. 211, repro.
1942Martin, Wilhelm. Rembrandt en zijn tijd: onze 17e eeuwsche schilderkunst in haren bloetijd en nabloei. Vol. 2 of De Hollandsche Schilderkunst in de Zeventiende Eeuw. 2nd ed. Amsterdam, 1942: 170, 227.
1942National Gallery of Art. Book of illustrations. 2nd ed. Washington, 1942: no. 57, repro. 28, 240.
1948Bernt, Walther. Die niederländischen Maler des 17. Jahrhunderts. 3 vols. München, 1948: 2:no. 516, repro.
1949National Gallery of Art. Paintings and Sculpture from the Mellon Collection. Washington, 1949 (reprinted 1953 and 1958): 90, repro.
1960Baird, Thomas P. Dutch Painting in the National Gallery of Art. Ten Schools of Painting in the National Gallery of Art 7. Washington, 1960: 30, color repro.
1960Bernt, Walther. Die niederländischen Maler des 17. Jahrhunderts. 3 vols. 2nd ed. Munich, 1960: 2:no. 516, repro.
1960The National Gallery of Art and Its Collections. Foreword by Perry B. Cott and notes by Otto Stelzer. National Gallery of Art, Washington (undated, 1960s): 23.
1962Grinten, Evert F. van der. "Le cachalot et le mannequin: deux facettes de la réalité dans l’art hollandais du seizième et du dix-septième siècles." Nederlands Kunsthistorisch Jaarboek 13 (1962): 170-173, fig. 23.
1963Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 315, repro.
1965National Gallery of Art. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. Washington, 1965: 90.
1968Gudlaugsson, Sturla J. "Kanttekeningen bij de ontwikkeling van Metsu." Oud Holland 93 (1968): 13-42, 27, repro.
1968Schneede, Uwe M. "Gabriel Metsu und der holländdische Realismus." Oud Holland 93 (1968): 47, 50.
1968National Gallery of Art. European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. Washington, 1968: 78, repro.
1969Bernt, Walther. Die niederländischen Maler des 17. Jahrhunderts. 3 vols. 3rd ed. Munich, 1969: 2:no. 752, repro.
1974Robinson, Franklin W. Gabriel Metsu (1629-1667): A Study of His Place in Dutch Genre Painting of the Golden Age. New York, 1974: 56-57, 67, 181, repro. 133.
1975National Gallery of Art. European paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. Washington, 1975: 232-233, repro.
1975Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1975: 286, no. 379, color repro.
1976Jongh, Eddy de. Tot Lering en Vermaak: betekenissen van Hollandse genrevoorstellingen uit de zeventiende eeuw. Exh. cat. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1976: 195, no. 3.
1976Wheelock, Arthur K., Jr. "Review of Robinson 'Gabriel Metsu (1629–1667): A Study of His Place in Dutch Genre Painting of the Golden Age' (1974)". The Art Bulletin 58 (1976): 456.
1978Wright, Christopher. The Dutch Painters: 100 Seventeenth Century Masters. London, 1978: 140, color repro.
1979Bernt, Walther. Die niederländischen Maler und Zeichner des 17. Jahrhunderts. 5 vols. 4th ed. Munich, 1979: 2:no. 805, repro.
1983Southgate, M. Therese, M.D., ed. "The Cover." Journal of the American Medical Association 249, no. 6 (11 February 1983): 740, cover repro.
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 287, no. 373, color repro.
1985Robinson, Franklin W. The Letter. San Diego, 1985: unpaginated, repro above fig. 8.
1985National Gallery of Art. European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. Washington, 1985: 268, repro.
1986Sutton, Peter C. A Guide to Dutch Art in America. Washington and Grand Rapids, 1986: 310, repro. 463.
1989Tortora, Phyllis G., and Keith Eubank. A Survey of Historic Costume. New York, 1989: 157, fig. 10.9.
1991Ydema, Onno. Carpets and Their Datings in Netherlandish Paintings, 1540-1700. Zutphen, 1991: 138, no. 129.
1993Todorov, Tzvetan. Éloge du quotidien: essai sur la peinture hollandaise du XVIIe siècle. Paris, 1993: 76, fig. 45.
1995Wheelock, Arthur K., Jr. Dutch Paintings of the Seventeenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, 1995: 164-168, color repro. 167.
1997Southgate, M. Therese, M.D., ed. The art of JAMA: one hundred covers and essays from the Journal of the American Medical Association. St. Louis, 1997:140-141, repro. 211, 740, cover repro.
1998Roberts, Helene E., ed. Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 1:326.
1998Winkel, Marieke de. "The Interpretation of Dress in Vermeer’s Paintings." In Vermeer Studies. Edited by Ivan Gaskell and Michiel Jonker. New Haven, 1998: 326-339, fig. 3.
1998Tortora, Phyllis G., and Keith Eubank. Survey of Historic Costume: A History of Western Dress. 3rd ed. New York, 1998: 215, fig. 9.10.
2001Chapman, H. Perry. "Home and the Display of Privacy." In Art & Home: Dutch Interiors in the Age of Rembrandt. Edited by Mariët Westermann. Exh. cat. Newark Museum; Denver Art Museum. Zwolle, 2001: 145-147, repro.
2003Waagen, Gustav Friedrich. Treasures of Art in Great Britain. Translated by Elizabeth Rigby Eastlake. Facsimile edition of London 1854. London, 2003: 2:183.
2004Schavemaker, Eddy. "Eglon van der Neer, 'A Lady, Washing Her Hands'." In Senses and Sins : Dutch Painters of Daily Life in the Seventeenth Century. Edited by Jeroen Giltaij. Exh. cat. Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam; Städelsches Kunstinstitut und Städtische Galerie, Frankfurt am Main. Ostfildern-Ruit, 2004: 271-272, no. 76, fig. 2.
2004Bergvelt, Ellinoor, J.P. Filedt Kok, and Norbert Middelkoop. De Hollandse meesters van een Amsterdamse bankier: de verzameling van Adriaan van der Hoop (1778-1854). Exh. cat. Amsterdams Historisch Museum; Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. Zwolle, 2004: 35, fig. 28.
2007Waiboer, Adriaan E. "Gabriel Metsu (1629-1667): life and work." Ph.D. dissertation, New York University, 2007: 230, 762-764 (no. A-130), 1179.
2010Scholten, Frits. "Metsu's marmer." Kunstschrift 54, no. 6 (December 2010/January 2011): 40, 47, col. fig. 45.
2010Waiboer, Adriaan E. Gabriel Metsu. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin; Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam; National Gallery of Art, Washington. New Haven, 2010: 21-22, 125, 126, 128, 130, 131, 156, 167-170, 176, 195, no. 34, fig. 92.
2011Pergam, Elizabeth A. The Manchester Art Treasures Exhibition of 1857: Entrepreneurs, Connoisseurs and the Public. Farnham and Burlington, 2011: 313.
2013Sebag-Montefiore, Charles, with Julia I. Armstrong-Totten. A Dynasty of Dealers: John Smith and Successors, 1801-1924: A Study of the Art Market in Nineteenth-Century London. Arundel and London, 2013: 21-22, 72, 75-77, fig. 36.

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