National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of The House of Cards Jean Siméon Chardin (artist)
French, 1699 - 1779
The House of Cards, probably 1737
oil on canvas
overall: 82.2 x 66 cm (32 3/8 x 26 in.) framed: 107.3 x 92.1 x 10.2 cm (42 1/4 x 36 1/4 x 4 in.)
Andrew W. Mellon Collection
1937.1.90
On View
From the Tour: 18th-Century France — Chardin and Portraiture
Object 4 of 11

1773Imperial Hermitage Museum [probably Ernst von Münnich, ed.] "Catalogue raisonné des tableaux qui se trouvent dans les Galeries, Sallons et Cabinets du Palais Impérial de S. Pétersbourg, commencé en 1773 et continué jusqu’en 1785.” 3 vols. Manuscript, Fund 1, Opis’ VI-A, delo 85, Hermitage Archives, Saint Petersburg,1773-1783 (vols. 1-2), 1785 (vol. 3).
1774Imperial Hermitage Museum [probably Ernst von Münnich, ed.]. Catalogue des tableaux qui se trouvent dans les Cabinets du Palais Impérial à Saint- Pétersbourg. Based on the 1773 manuscript catalogue. Saint Petersburg, 1774: no. 408.
1861Lacroix, Paul. "Musée du Palais de l'Ermitage sous le règne de Catherine II." Revue universelle des arts 13 (1861):178, no. 408.
1863Köhne, Baron Bernhard de. Ermitage Impérial, Catalogue de la Galérie des Tableaux. Saint Petersburg, 1863: 326, no. 1515 (2nd ed. 1871:III:57, no. 1515).
1864Goncourt, Edmond de, and Jules de Goncourt. "Chardin." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 1st ser., vol. 16 (February 1864): 154, no. 2.
1869"Exposition de 1737," in Collection des livrets des anciennes expositions. 43 vols. Paris, 1869:4:15
1880Goncourt, Edmond de, and Jules de Goncourt. L'art du dix-huitième siècle. 2 vols. Paris, 1880: I:120.
1880Ris, Le comte Clément de. "Musées du nord: Musée impérial de l'Ermitage à Saint Petersbourg." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 2nd ser., 21 (March 1880): 270.
1899Dilke, Emilia F.S., Lady. French Painters of the XVIIIth Century. London, 1899:114
1899Dilke, Emilia F.S., Lady. "Chardin et ses oeuvres à Potsdam et à Stockholm." Gazette des Beaux-Arts. 3rd ser., vol. 22 (September 1899):181, 184
1903Somov, Andrei. Ermitage impérial: Catalogue de la galérie des tableaux. vols. Saint Petersbourg, 1903: 21, no. 1515
1905Masters in Art. 10 vols. Boston, 1905:6:42, 210
1906Foster, Joshua James. French Art from Watteau to Prud'hon. 3 vols. London, 1906: II: 81
1907Dayot, Armand. "Chardin." L'Art et les artistes. 5 (June 1907): repro. 122
1907Dayot, Armand. J.-B. Siméon Chardin, avec un catalogue complete de l'oeuvre du maître par Jean Guiffrey. Paris, 1907[?]: (in catalogue) 6, 35, 91, 97.
1907Dayot, Armand and Leandre Vaillat. L'Oeuvre de J.-B.-S. Chardin et de J.-H. Fragonard. Paris, 1907: iv, pl. 13
1909Wrangell, Baron Nicolas. Les Chefs-d'Oeuvre de la Galérie de Tableaux de l'Hermitage Impérial à St-Pétersbourg. London, 1909: repro. 230.
1909Pilon, Edmond. Chardin. Paris, 1909: 43, 95, 100, 104, repro. 96
1911Furst, Herbert Ernest Augustus. Chardin. London, 1911: 37, 133, repro. pl. 9
1925Bodkin, Thomas. "Chardin in the London and Dublin National Galleries." The Burlington Magazine 47, no. 269 (August 1925):93
1929Réau, Louis. Catalogue de l'art français dans les musées russes. Paris, 1929:20, no. 33
1932Ridder, André de. J.B.S. Chardin. Paris, 1932: 87, repro. pl. 76
1935Ernst, Serge. "Notes sur des tableaux français de l'Ermitage." Revue de l'art ancien et moderne. vol. 68, no. 365 (November 1935): ii, 135-136, repro. 137
1935Réau, Louis. Histoire de la peinture française au XVIIIe siècle. 2 vols. Paris, 1935:I:47
1936Wilenski, R.H. French Painting. Boston, 1936:135, repro. pl. 59; rev.ed. 1949:125, repro. pl. 58
1941"World Masterpieces Lend Supreme Distinction to National Gallery of Art." The Washington Star (16 March 1941): F6.
1941Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 38-39, no. 90.
1942Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 241, repro. 45.
1945Goldschmidt, Ernst. Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin. Stockholm, 1945:86-87, repro. 27 [caption incorrectly gives location as Louvre]
1949Paintings and Sculpture from the Mellon Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1949 (reprinted 1953 and 1958): 104, repro.
1949Jourdain, Francis. Chardin. Paris, 1949: repro. 27
1952Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Great Paintings from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1952: 122, color repro.
1956Einstein, Lewis. "Looking at French Eighteenth Century Pictures in Washington." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 6th ser., 67, no. 1048-1049 (May-June 1956): 233, repro. 231.
1957Shapley, Fern Rusk. Comparisons in Art: A Companion to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. London, 1957 (reprinted 1959): 47, pl. 116.
1959Cooke, Hereward Lester. French Paintings of the 16th-18th Centuries in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 1959 (Booklet Number Four in Ten Schools of Painting in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.): 30, color repro.
1963Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 316, repro.
1965Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 26.
1966Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:308, color repro.
1968European Paintings and Sculpture: Illustrations (Companion to the Summary Catalogue, 1965). Washington, 1968: 19, no. 90, repro.
1975Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1975: 325, repro.
1975European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 64, repro.
1978King, Marian. Adventures in Art: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1978: 63, pl. 36.
1978Levitine, George. Girodet-Trioson: An Iconographical Study. New York, 1978: 324, repro. 82.
1980Fried, Michael. Absorption and Theatricality: Painting and Beholder in the Age of Diderot. Berkeley, 1980:46-53, repro. 53 fig. 31.
1983Rosenberg, Pierre. L'opera completa di Chardin. Milan, 1983: no. 109, repro.
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 323, no. 424, color repro.
1985European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 85, repro.
1986Conisbee, Philip. Chardin. Oxford, 1986: 148-149, repro. pl. 136
1990Fried, Michael. Courbet's Realism. Chicago, 1990:8-9, repro.
1991Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 91, 92, color repro.
1994Roland Michel, Marianne. Chardin. Paris, 1994:67, 201, 227, 233 n. 30, 235 n. 73, 240, 242, color repro. on cover.
1995Edizel, Gerar. "Jean-Siméon Chardin: Seeing, Playing, Forgetting, and the Practice of Modern Imitation." PhD. diss., Cornell University,1995:175-180, 190, repro. fig. 49.
1998Jarasse, Dominique. La peinture française au XVIIIe siècle. Paris, 1998:131-132, 137, repro. 133.
1998Gilbert, Rita. Living with Art, 5th ed.,Boston, 1998:441, repro. fig. 506.
1998Douthwaite, Julia V. "Private Life in the Public Eye: Rousseau's Autobiography and Eighteenth-Century Painting." Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century no. 358.(1998):145, repro. fig. 506.
1999Berger, Robert W. Public Access to Art in Paris: A Documentary History from the Middle Ages to 1800. University Park, Penn., 1999: 172, 173, fig. 49
1999Zuffi, Stefano and Francesca Castria, La peinture baroque. Translated from Italian by Silvia Bonucci and Claude Sophie Mazéas. Paris, 1999: 298, color repro.
2004Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 248-249, no. 198, color repro.
2009Odom, Anne, and Wendy R. Salmond, eds. Treasures into Tractors: The Selling of Russia's Cultural Heritage, 1918-1938. Washington, D.C., 2009:
2009Conisbee, Philip, et al. French Paintings of the Fifteenth through the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 2009: no. 13, 69-74, color repro.
2012Carey, Juliet. "The House of Cards." Apollo 175, no. 597 (April 2012): 42, 46, 47, color fig. 7.

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