National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of Ceres (Summer) Antoine Watteau (artist)
French, 1684 - 1721
Ceres (Summer), c. 1717/1718
oil on canvas
overall (oval): 141.6 x 115.7 cm (55 3/4 x 45 9/16 in.)
Samuel H. Kress Collection
On View
From the Tour: 18th-Century France — The Rococo and Watteau
Object 1 of 9


Commissioned by Pierre Crozat [1665-1740] for the dining room of his hôtel on rue de Richelieu, Paris; by inheritance with the hôtel to his nephew, Louis François Crozat, marquis du Châtel [1691-1750], Paris; by inheritance with the hôtel to his daughter, Louise-Honorine Crozat [1737-1801, married 1750 to the duc de Choiseul], Paris; the hôtel was sold in 1772 and demolished shortly thereafter, before which the painting was removed, probably to the Choiseul's Château de Chanteloup, Touraine; (estate sale of Etienne François, duc de Choiseul [1719-1785], Paillet, Paris, 18 December 1786, no. 3, with Winter from the same series); purchased by Meunier. Jean Baptiste Pierre Le Brun [1748-1813], Paris; (his own sale, Le Brun, Paris, 11 April-8 May 1791, 10th day [April 20], no. 204, with Winter); Rebes; (sale, Le Brun, Paris, 15 November 1791, no. 95, with Winter).[1] Roehn, Paris.[2] Charles Wertheimer [d. 1911], London. (Charles Sedelmeyer Galleries, Paris), by 1895; sold 1898 to Sir Lionel Phillips, bt. [1855-1936], Tylney Hall, Winchfield;[3] (sale, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 25 April 1913, no. 72); Nicholson. Henri Michel-Lévy [1845-1914], Paris; (his sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, 12-13 May 1919, no. 28); Léon Michel-Lévy [1846-1925], Paris; (his sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, 17-18 June 1925, 1st day, no. 160);[4] Batteroze or Betteroze. Charles-Louis Dreyfus [1870-1929], Paris.[5] (Wildenstein & Co., Inc., Paris, New York, and London), by 1935;[6] sold February 1954 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York;[7] gift 1961 to NGA.

[1] Annotated copies of the sale catalogue give the name variously as "Rebes," "Mr. le president Rebe," and "de Rebes." See the extended description of this sale in the sale catalogues portion of the Getty Provenance Index Database, J. Paul Getty Trust (photocopy in NGA curatorial files), which includes the comment: "It is not known from which legislative body his title of president is taken, nor has his full name been found."

[2] Pierre Rosenberg says this was "probably Adolphe Eugène Gabriel Roehn (1780-1867) and not his son" (Alphonse); Margaret Morgan Grasselli and Pierre Rosenberg, Watteau 1684-1721, exh. cat., National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris; Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin; Washington, D.C., 1984: 326.

[3] According to the 1895 Sedelmeyer catalogue and the catalogue of the 1935 Copenhagen exhibition, and repeated in William E. Suida and Fern Rusk Shapley, Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection Acquired by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, 1951-1956, Washington, D.C., 1956: 204, the painting was supposed to have been in the Hugh A.J. Munro of Novar collection in Ross, Scotland. However, Spring, another painting in the series, was actually in the Munro collection (and sold at Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 1 June 1878, no. 149).

[4] Pierre Rosenberg, ed., Vies anciennes de Watteau, Paris, 1984, erroneously says this sale was in May.

[5] Published as with Dreyfus in Louis Dimier, Les peintres français du XVIIIe siècle. Histoire des vies et catalogue des oeuvres, 2 vols., Paris and Brussels, 1928-1930: 1(1928):31, no. 26.

[6] The painting was lent by Wildenstein to a 1935 exhibition in Copenhagen.

[7] The bill of sale (copy in NGA curatorial files) is dated February 10, 1954, and was for a total of fourteen paintings; payments by the Foundation continued to March 1957.

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