Joseph Mallord William Turner (artist)|
British, 1775 - 1851
Venice: The Dogana and San Giorgio Maggiore, 1834
oil on canvas
overall: 91.5 x 122 cm (36 x 48 1/16 in.) framed: 125.7 x 156.5 x 14 cm (49 1/2 x 61 5/8 x 5 1/2 in.)
Object 6 of 11
Conservation NotesThe canvas is finely plain woven; it was lined in 1971. The ground is white; it is thickly applied and masks the weave of the canvas. There appear to be layers of gray and beige imprimatura in some areas. The painting is executed in freely handled opaque layers ranging from rich, fluid glazes to thick paint; the strongest whites are thickly impasted. Glazes and scumbles are drawn, scraped, and dragged over the paint layers, and the scumbles of white and light-colored paint that create the luminous effect may be gouache or watercolor. The details of architecture and rigging are accomplished with very thin fluid paint occasionally reworked by scratching in with a blunt tool. The thinner paint seems to have been abraded. There is extensive craquelure. Retouching is largely limited to the corners and edges, and to the concealment of cracks. There are substantial residues of an earlier natural resin varnish, which has discolored yellow to a significant degree, beneath the dammar varnish applied in 1971.
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