National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of Keelmen Heaving in Coals by Moonlight Joseph Mallord William Turner (painter)
British, 1775 - 1851
Keelmen Heaving in Coals by Moonlight, 1835
oil on canvas
overall: 92.3 x 122.8 cm (36 5/16 x 48 3/8 in.) framed: 127.6 x 158.1 x 14 cm (50 1/4 x 62 1/4 x 5 1/2 in.)
Widener Collection
1942.9.86
On View
From the Tour: Constable and Turner — British Landscapes of the Early 1800s
Object 7 of 11

Conservation Notes

The medium-weight canvas is plain woven; it was lined in 1967. The ground is white; it is very thickly applied and virtually masks the weave of the canvas. The painting is executed very richly with vigorous brushwork and much use of scumbles; the highlights in the water are thickly impasted, and the moon almost stands out in relief. The sky is painted very thinly and fluidly, probably with some use of watercolor; the rigging on the boats, especially on the left, may also be done in watercolor. The paint surface seems to be slightly abraded, and some of the highest impasto has been flattened during lining. There is scattered retouching throughout. The thick natural resin varnish, which has discolored yellow to a significant degree, was not removed before the dammar varnish was applied in 1967.

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