National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of The Rape of Proserpine Joseph Mallord William Turner (artist)
British, 1775 - 1851
The Rape of Proserpine, 1839
oil on canvas
overall: 92.6 x 123.7 cm (36 7/16 x 48 11/16 in.) framed: 124.1 x 154.9 x 10.1 cm (48 7/8 x 61 x 4 in.)
Gift of Mrs. Watson B. Dickerman
1951.18.1
Not on View
From the Tour: Constable and Turner — British Landscapes of the Early 1800s
Object 8 of 11

Conservation Notes

The medium-weight canvas is very tightly plain woven; it has been lined. Because of the thickness of the paint it has not been possible to determine the color or composition of the ground. The painting is executed very freely and fluidly in a low to medium impasto, with thinner glazes and scumbles in a few areas of the sky. Some diagonal scraping in the underpaint before it had completely dried to create an atmospheric effect, and some palette- knife type application have also been used in parts of the sky. There is a disfiguring craquelure in the dark layer of underpaint in the foreground and middle ground, probably caused by bitumen. The paint layer has been somewhat flattened during lining. There is retouching along all the edges and in the craquelure, but there are no major paint losses and there is no severe abrasion. The thick, extremely uneven layer of natural resin varnish has discolored yellow to a significant degree.

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