National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of The Frankland Sisters John Hoppner (artist)
British, 1758 - 1810
The Frankland Sisters, 1795
oil on canvas
overall: 155 x 125 cm (61 x 49 3/16 in.) framed: 182.2 x 151.8 cm (71 3/4 x 59 3/4 in.)
Andrew W. Mellon Collection
1937.1.111
On View
From the Tour: British and American Grand Manner Portraits of the 1700s
Object 6 of 12

Conservation Notes

The medium-lightweight canvas is twill woven; it has been lined. There are stretcher creases along the top, left, and bottom edges; the variance in distance between each crease and the edge of the painting, and the absence of a crease along the right edge, suggest that the painting has been cut down on these three sides. The ground is white, of moderate thickness, and almost masks the weave of the canvas. Layers of gray and pale-brown paint observed beneath the surface paint of the clouds and sky suggest that an imprimatura has been selectively applied. The painting is executed in thin, multiple, opaque layers in the figures with some thicker brushwork but without high impasto; the foreground and background landscape is rendered in dark translucent layers with opaque touches for details of the foliage. The paint surface is moderately abraded and has been flattened slightly during lining. There is a considerable degree of traction crackle throughout, suggestive of the presence of bitumen; this has been extensively overpainted, and there are losses to the paint surface. There are also extensive retouchings in some of the principal features, such as the dog and details of the hands, drapery, and background. The natural resin varnish has discolored yellow slightly.

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