National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of George Washington (Vaughan portrait) Gilbert Stuart (painter)
American, 1755 - 1828
George Washington (Vaughan portrait), 1795
oil on canvas
overall: 73 x 60.5 cm (28 3/4 x 23 13/16 in.) framed: 100.3 x 87.3 cm (39 1/2 x 34 3/8 in.)
Andrew W. Mellon Collection
1942.8.27
Not on View
From the Tour: Gilbert Stuart
Object 3 of 5

1789Lavater, Johann Caspar. Essays on Physiognomy, designed to promote the Knowledge and Love of Mankind. Edited by Thomas Holloway. 3 vols. London, 1789-1798: 3:repro. between 434 and 435, 435.
1834Dunlap 1834, 1:196-206.
1846Lester, C. Edwards. The Artists of America. New York, 1846: 129-130.
1855Tuckerman, Henry T. "Original Portraits of Washington." Putnam's Monthly 6 (October 1855): 345-347.
1858Peale, Rembrandt. "Washington and his Portraits." Unpublished lecture, Charles Roberts Autograph Letters Collection, Haverford College, Pennsylvania, in Miller 1980 (fiche VIB/19F11-20B14: 16, 20-21), and reprinted in Eisen 1932, I:297-323.
1860Custis, George Washington Parke. Recollections and Private Memoirs of Washington. Edited by Benson J. Lossing. New York, 1860: 520-523, 628.
1867Tuckerman 1867, 115-120, 630.
1870Catalogue of Pictures, Statuary, and Bronzes in the Gallery of Joseph Harrison, Jr., Rittenhouse Square, Philadelphia. Philadelphia, 1870: 6-7, no. 22.
1876Stuart, Jane. "The Stuart Portraits of Washington." Scribner's Monthly 12, no. 3 (July 1876): 369, 373-374.
1879Mason, George C. The Life and Works of Gilbert Stuart. New York, 1879: 87-91.
1880"Portraits Painted by Stuart...taken from Mason's Life and Works of Gilbert Stuart." In Exhibition of Portraits Painted by Gilbert Stuart. Exh. cat. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1880: 25, no cat. number.
1880Hart, Charles Henry. "Mason's Life of Stuart." The American Art Review 1 (March 1880): 220-221.
1882Johnston, Elizabeth Bryant. Original Portraits of Washington, including Statues, Monuments and Medals. Boston, 1882: 91-93.
1889Hart, Charles Henry. "Original Portraits of Washington." Century Magazine 37, no. 6 (April 1889): 865.
1892Bowen, Clarence Winthrop. The History of the Centennial Celebration of the Inauguration of George Washington as First President of the United States. New York, 1892: repro. opp. 12, 544-545.
1904Hart, Charles Henry. Catalogue of the Engraved Portraits of Washington. New York, 1904: 126, no. 259.
1922Sherman, Frederic Fairchild. "Gilbert Stuart's First Portrait of Washington from Life; The Vaughan Picture Painted in 1795." Art in America 11, no. 1 (December 1922): frontispiece, 43-45.
1923Eisen, Gustavus A. "Stuart's Three Washingtons." International Studio 76, no. 309 (February 1923): 386-394, repro.
1923Fielding 1923, 83, 85-87, 114, no. 1, repro. frontispiece and opp. 114.
1926Park 1926, 845, no. 1, repro.
1928Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke. Exh. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928, unnumbered.
1930Sherman, Frederic Fairchild. "Gilbert Stuart's Portraits of George Washington." Art in America 18, no. 6 (October 1930): 261-270, repro.
1930Weddell, Alexander Wilbourne, ed. A Memorial Volume of Virginia Historical Portraiture, 1585-1830. Richmond, 1930: 215, repro. between 16 and 17, opp. 216.
1931Morgan & Fielding 1931, 223, 225-232, 236, 250, 347-352, repro. opp. 224 and opp. 250.
1932Eisen, Gustavus A. Portraits of Washington. 3 vols. New York, 1932: 1:plate III, 7-11, 21, 35-37, 39.
1932Whitley 1932, 93-95.
1939Decatur, Stephen. "Stuart's First Life Portrait of Washington." Antiques 35 (February 1939): 70-72, repro.
1944Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Masterpieces of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1944: 142, color repro.
1949Paintings and Sculpture from the Mellon Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1949 (reprinted 1953 and 1958): 138, repro.
1963Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 321, repro.
1964Mount 1964, 186-195, 378.
1966Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:384, color repro.
1967Richardson, Edgar P. "Portraits of Washington, 1795-1796." In Gilbert Stuart: Portraitist of the Young Republic, 1755-1828. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1967: 25-30.
1970American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 106, repro.
1972Wainwright, Nicholas B. "Joseph Harrison, Jr., a forgotten art collector." Antiques 102 (October 1972): 660-668, pl. I.
1975Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1975: 387, color repro.
1980American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 236, repro.
1980Wilmerding, John. American Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1980: 55, repro.
1983Miller et al. 1983
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 383, no. 542, color repro.
1984Evans, Dorinda. "Gilbert Stuart: Two Recent Discoveries." American Art Journal 16, no. 3 (Summer 1984): 85-88, repro.
1988Wilmerding, John. American Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art. Rev. ed. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1988: 58, repro.
1989Verheyen, Egon. "The Most exact representation of the Original': Remarks on Portraits of George Washington by Gilbert Stuart and Rembrandt Peale." In Multiple Originals, Copies, and Reproductions. CASVA, Symposium Papers 7, Washington, D.C., 1989: 127-139.
1992American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 349, repro.
1992National Gallery of Art. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1992: 220, repro.
1993Evans, Dorinda. "Survival and Transformation: The Colonial Portrait in the Federal Era." In The Portrait in Eighteenth-Century America. Edited by Ellen G. Miles. Newark and London, 1993: 130, repro. 132, 133.
1995Miles, Ellen G. American Paintings of the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 201-206, color repro. 203.
1997Henderson, Anne. "Portraits & Personalities." Washington Parent (November 1997): 14.
2004Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 292-293, no. 239, color repro.
2013Evans, Dorinda. Gilbert Stuart and the Impact of Manic Depression. Burlington, 2013: 62-64, 88-89 nn. 28 and 29, 173, figs. 30, 31.

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