National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of Watson and the Shark John Singleton Copley (painter)
American, 1738 - 1815
Watson and the Shark, 1778
oil on canvas
overall: 182.1 x 229.7 cm (71 11/16 x 90 7/16 in.) framed: 241.3 x 264.2 x 10.1 cm (95 x 104 x 4 in.)
Ferdinand Lammot Belin Fund
1963.6.1
On View
From the Tour: John Singleton Copley
Object 8 of 12

Perkins, Augustus Thorndike. Supplementary List of Paintings by John Singleton Copley. Boston, n.d.: 9.
1778The St. James's Chronicle; or, British Evening-Post, 25-30 April 1778.
1778The Morning Chronicle, and London Advertiser, 25 April 1778.
1778The General Evening Post, 28-30 April 1778.
1778The Public Advertiser, 28 April 1778.
1778"A Young Painter," [Letter to the Editor.] The General Advertiser, and Morning Intelligencer, 19 May 1778.
1778The General Advertiser, and Morning Intelligencer, 27 April 1778.
1778The Morning Post, and Daily Advertiser (London), 25 April 1778.
1796Pasquin, Anthony. Memoirs of the Royal Academicians. London, 1796: 136-137.
1824Neal, John. [Essay on American Art] Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine 16 (August 1824). Reprinted in Observations on Amer. Art, Selections ... Writings of John Neal (1793- 1876). H. Dickson, ed. State College, PA., 1943: 26-27.
1829Lieber, Francis, ed. Encyclopaedia Americana, 13 vols. Philadelphia, 1829-1833: 3 (1830): 520.
1829Knapp, Samuel L. Lectures on American Literature, with Remarks on some Passages of American History. New York, 1829: 191.
1832Cunningham, Allan. The Lives of the Most Eminent British Painters, Sculptors, and Architects. London, 1829-1833: 5 (1832):177-178.
1834Dunlap, William. A History of the Rise and Progress of The Arts of Design in the United States. 2 vols. Reprinted in 3. New York, 1969: 1:106, 116-118, 120, 127.
1834Trollope, William. A History of the Royal Foundation of Christ's Hospital. London, 1834: 353.
1841Everett, Edward. "Curiousity Baffled." The Boston Book. Boston, 1841: 228-248.
1847Tuckerman, Henry T. Artist-Life: or Sketches of American Painters. New York and Philadelphia, 1847: 25-26.
1867Tuckerman, Henry T. Book of the Artists: American Artist Life. New York and London, 1867: 78-79.
1873Perkins, Augustus Thorndike. A Sketch of the Life and a List of Some of the Works of John Singleton Copley. Boston, 1873: 20-21, 128.
1882Amory, Martha Babcock. The Domestic and Artistic Life of John Singleton Copley, R.A.. Boston, 1882: 70-75.
1905Graves, Algernon. The Royal Academy of Arts: A Complete Dictionary of Contributors and their Work from its Foundation in 1769 to 1904. 8 vols. London, 1905-1906: 2:159.
1905Isham, Samuel. The History of American Painting. New York, 1905: 26, 38.
1913Graves, Algernon. A Century of Loan Exhibitions, 1813-1912. 5 vols. London, 1913-1915: 1(1913):206.
1915Bayley, Frank W. The Life and Works of John Singleton Copley. Boston, 1915: 253-254.
1924Webster, J. Clarence. Sir Brook Watson, Friend of the Loyalists. Sackville, New Brunswick, 1924.
1937Allan, George A. T. Christ's Hospital. London and Glasgow, 1937: 67-68.
1938Wind, Edgar. "The Revolution in History Painting." Journal of the Warburg Institute 2 (1938/1939): 119.
1938Cunningham, Charles C. "Introduction." John Singleton Copley, 1738-1815; Loan Exhibition of Paintings, Pastels, Miniatures and Drawings Exh. cat. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1938: 12-13.
1943Soby, James Thrall and Dorothy C. Miller. Romantic Painting in America. Exh. cat. Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1943: 9.
1943Mayor, A. Hyatt. "Early American Painters in England." Proceedings of the American Philosphical Society 87, no. 1 (July 1943): 107.
1946American Painting from the Eighteenth Century to the Present Day. Exh. cat. Tate Gallery, London, 1946: no. 49.
1947Richardson, Edgar P. "Watson and the Shark by John Singleton Copley." Art Quarterly 10, no. 3 (Summer 1947): 213-218, fig. 3.
1951The First Hundred Years of the Royal Academy, 1796-1868. Exh. cat. The Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1951-1952: no. 420.
1953Waterhouse, Ellis. Painting in Britain, 1530 to 1790. Baltimore, Maryland, 1953: 160, 203, pl. 172.
1953The Christ's Hospital Book. London, 1953: repro. opp. 280.
1956Richardson, Edgar P. Painting in America. New York, 1956: 94, 316.
1965John Singleton Copley, Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1965-1966: no. 68a.
1966Prown, Jules David. John Singleton Copley. 2 vols. Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1966: 2: 267-274, 298, 387, 459-461, fig. 371.
1966Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:396, color repro.
1968Royal Academy of Arts Bicentenary Exhibition, 1768-1968. Exh. cat. Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1968-1969: no. 505.
1970American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 46, repro.
1974Gerdts, William H. The Great American Nude. New York, 1974: detail repro. 33, 38.
1975Paulson, Ronald. Emblem and Expression; Meaning in English Art of the Eighteenth Century. London, 1975: 202-203 repro.
1975Stein, Roger B. Seascape and the American Imagination. New York, 1975: 18, 20, 112, color repro. opp. 32, pl. 1.
1975Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1975: 392, color repro. 393.
1976Stein, Roger B. "Copley's Watson and the Shark and Aesthetics in the 1770s." In Calvin Israel, ed., Discoveries and Considerations. Essays on Early American Letters and Aesthetics, Presented to Harold Jantz. Albany, 1976: 85-130, repro. 88.
1977Jaffe, Irma B. "John Singleton Copley's Watson and the Shark." American Art Journal 9, no. 1 (May 1977): 15-25, repro.
1978King, Marian. Adventures in Art: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1978: 74-75, pl. 44.
1979Abrams, Ann Uhry. "Politics, Prints and John Singleton Copley's Watson and the Shark." Art Bulletin 61, no. 2 (June 1979): 265-276.
1979Watson, Ross. The National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1979: 95, pl. 83.
1980Kemp, Martin. [Letter to the Editor]. ArtB 62, no. 4 (December 1980): 647.
1980American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 139, repro.
1980Wilmerding, John. American Light: The Luminist Movement, 1850-1875, Paintings, Drawings, Photographs. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1980: 48, color repro. 49.
1980Wilmerding, John. American Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1980: 10, 13, no. 5, color repro.
1981Williams 1981, 30-31, repro. 32-33, color repro. 46.
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 388, no. 552, color repro.
1986Reader's Digest Services. Sharks: Silent Hunters of the Deep. Sydney and New York, 1986: 132-135.
1987Wilmerding, John. American Marine Painting. Rev. ed. of A History of American Marine Painting, 1968. New York, 1987: 33-35, color repro. 32.
1988Wilmerding, John. American Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art. Rev. ed. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1988: 56, no. 5, color repro.
1988Bilder aus der Neuen Welt, Amerikanische Malerei des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts, Exh. cat. Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Nationalgalerie, Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin; Kunsthaus, Zürich, 1988-1989: no. 7.
1989Boime, Albert. "Blacks in Shark-Infested Waters; Visual Encodings of Racism in Copley and Homer." Smithsonian Studies in American Art (Winter 1989): 18-47, color repro. fig. 1.
1989Honour, Hugh. The Image of the Black in Western Art. Vol. 4. From the American Revolution to World War I, Part I: Slaves and Liberators. Cambridge, Mass., 1989: 37-41, figs. 6-7.
1990Facing History: The Black Image in American Art, 1710-1940. Exh. cat. The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington; The Brooklyn Museum, New York, 1990: unnumbered.
1990Boime, Albert. The Art of Exclusion; Representing Blacks in the Nineteenth Century. Washington, 1990: 20-36, color repro. after xvi.
1992Gaehtgens, Thomas W. and Heinz Ickstadt, eds. American Icons, Transatlantic Perspectives on Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century American Art. Santa Monica, 1992: 35-59, repro.
1992American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 150, repro.
1992National Gallery of Art, Washington. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 211, repro.
1992Busch, Werner. "Copley, West, and the Tradition of European High Art." In American Icons; Transatlantic Perspectives on Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century American Art. Edited by Thomas W. Gaehtgens and Heinz Ickstadt. Santa Monica, CA, 1992: 34-59.
1993Miles, Ellen G. "Copley's Watson and the Shark." Antiques 143, no. 1 (January 1993): 162-171, repro.
1995Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. New York, 1995: 946, fig. 26-23.
1995Miles, Ellen G. American Paintings of the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 54-71, color repro. 57.
1995John Singleton Copley in England. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington; The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 1995-1996: no. 4.
1999Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. 2 vols. Revised ed. New York, 1999: 949, fig. 26-24.
1999Zuffi, Stefano and Francesca Castria, La peinture baroque. Translated from Italian by Silvia Bonucci and Claude Sophie Mazéas. Paris, 1999: 390, color repro.
2000Kirsh, Andrea, and Levenson, Rustin S. Seeing Through Paintings: Physical Examination in Art Historical Studies. Physical Examination in Art Historical Studies, vol. 1. New Haven, 2000: 187, 190, fig. 200, 201.
2001Southgate, M. Therese. The Art of JAMA II: Covers and Essays from The Journal of the American Medical Association. Chicago, 2001: 122-123, color repro.
2004Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 288-289, no. 233, color repro.
2011Pergam, Elizabeth A. The Manchester Art Treasures Exhibition of 1857: Entrepreneurs, Connoisseurs and the Public. Farnham and Burlington, 2011: 313.
2011Roberts, Jennifer L. "Failure to Deliver: Watson and the Shark and the Boston Tea Party." Art History" 10, no. 4 (September 2011): 625, 675-695, color fig. 2, 14.
2012Brock, Charles. “George Bellows: An Unfinished Life.” In George Bellows ed. Charles Brock (Exh. cat. Washington 2012). Munich, 2012: 11.
2013Neff, Emily Ballew and Kaylin H. Weber. "American Adversaries: Benjamin West & John Singleton Copley (Houston, Texas)." American Art Review 25, no. 6 (November-December 2013): 88, 91, color fig.

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