National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of Breezing Up (A Fair Wind) Winslow Homer (artist)
American, 1836 - 1910
Breezing Up (A Fair Wind), 1873-1876
oil on canvas
overall: 61.5 x 97 cm (24 3/16 x 38 3/16 in.) framed: 90.5 x 126.4 cm (35 5/8 x 49 3/4 in.)
Gift of the W. L. and May T. Mellon Foundation
On View
From the Tour: Homer and Eakins: American Painters in the Late 1800s
Object 6 of 8

1876"Art Matters, A Hasty Glance at the Academy Exhibition." New York Evening Express (20 April 1876).
1876"Fine Arts. Fifty-first Annual Exhibition of the National Academy of Design." New York Times (26 March 1876).
1876"Fine Arts. National Academy of Design--Fifty-first Annual Exhibition."New York Tribune (1 April 1876).
1876"Fine Arts. The National Academy Exhibition. II." Nation 22 (20 April 1876): 268.
1876"Fine Arts." New York Evening Post (5 January 1876).
1876"The Arts. Representative Pictures at the Academy." Appleton's Journal 15 (15 April 1876): 508.
1876"The Arts: The Academy Exhibition." Appleton's Journal 15 (22 April 1876): 539.
1876"The Fine Arts. Exhibition of the National Academy." New York Times (8 April 1876).
1876"The National Academy of Design (Second Notice)." Art Journal 2 (1876):190.
1876"The National Academy of Design." New York Sun (30 April 1876).
1877"Fine Arts. American Paintings." Brooklyn Daily Eagle (26 February 1877).
1877Benjamin, Samuel G.W. Art in America: A Critical and Historical Sketch. New York, 1877: 124, repro. 124, as Sail Boat.
1878Sheldon, George W. "American Painters--Winslow Homer and F.A. Bridgman." Art Journal 4 (August 1878).
1879Benjamin, Samuel G.W. "Present Tendencies of American Art." Harper's New Monthly Magazine 58 (March 1879): 488, repro. 488, as Sail Boat.
1879Sheldon, George William. American Painters. New York, 1879.
1880Strahan, Edward (pseud. of Earl Shinn). The Art Treasures of America. 3 vols. Philadelphia, 1880. Reprint, New York, 1977: 2:92.
1887"Paintings at the Union League Club." New York Tribune (11 March 1887), as Breezing Up.
1889Montgomery, Walter, ed. American Art and American Art Collections. 2 vols. Boston, 1889. Reprint, New York and London 1978: 2:718, 720, as A Fair Wind.
1911Downes, William Howe. The Life and Works of Winslow Homer. Boston and New York, 1911: 90.
1932Bolton, Theodore. "The Art of Winslow Homer: An Estimate." Fine Arts 18 (February 1932): 53.
1943Burrows, Carlyle. "Art Events of the Week." New York Herald Tribune (27 June 1943).
1944Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Masterpieces of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1944: 174, color repro.
1944Art Digest 18 (1 January 1944): 11, repro.
1944Goodrich, Lloyd. "Young Winslow Homer." Magazine of Art 37 (February 1944): repro. 59.
1944Goodrich, Lloyd. Winslow Homer. New York, 1944: 70, 72, repro. 11.
1946Favorite Paintings from the National Gallery of Art Washington, D.C.. New York, 1946: 73-75, color repro., as Breezing Up.
1947"American Painting of the 18th and 19th Centuries in the Tate Gallery Exhibition." Antiques 51 (February 1947): no. 68, repro. 107.
1947Louchheim, Aline B. "Homer: Success Story; This Retrospective Accents High Spots." Art News 45 (March 1947): 40-41, 59-60, color repro. 40.
1947Gibbs, Josephine. "Honoring Homer." Art Digest 21 (1 March 1947): 10, repro. 10.
1948Walker, John. "American Masters in the National Gallery of Art." National Geographic Magazine 94 (September 1948): 323, color repro. 29.
1951Walker, John. Paintings from America. Harmondsworth, England, 1951: 29 and 44, no. 29, color repro. 29.
1951King, Marian. Portfolio Number 3. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1951: no. 11, color repro.
1956Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1956: 56, repro., as Breezing Up.
1958Porter, Fairfield. "Homer, American vs. Artist: A Problem in Identities." Art News 57 (December 1958): 56.
1959Goodrich, Lloyd. Winslow Homer. New York, 1959: repro. 29.
1959Bouton, Margaret. American Painting in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 1959 (Booklet Number One in Ten Schools of Painting in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.): 26, color repro., as Breezing Up.
1960The National Gallery of Art and Its Collections. Foreword by Perry B. Cott and notes by Otto Stelzer. National Gallery of Art, Washington (undated, 1960s): 20, as Breezing Up.
1961Gardner, Albert Ten Eyck. Winslow Homer, American Artist: His World and His Work. New York, 1961: 197, color repro. 73.
1962Gould, Jean. Winslow Homer: A Portrait. New York, 1962: 152, 166, repro. opp. 166.
1963Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 290, repro., as Breezing Up.
1966Beam, Philip C. Winslow Homer at Prout's Neck. Boston, 1966: 11.
1966Flexner, James Thomas. The World of Winslow Homer, 1836-1910. New York, 1966: 88, color repro. 88-89.
1966Beam, Philip C. Winslow Homer at Prout's Neck. Exh. cat. Bowdoin College Museum of Art. Brunswick, Maine, 1966: n.p.
1966Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:490, color repro., as Breezing Up.
1967Wilmerding, John. Pittura Americana dell' Ottocento. Milan, 1967: 27, color repro. 491.
1968Wilmerding, John. A History of American Marine Painting. Salem, Massachusetts, 1968: 214, 218, 221, repro. 216.
1969Prown, Jules David. American Painting: From Its beginnings to the Armory Show. Geneva, 1969. Reprint, Geneva, 1977: 87, 89, 90, color repro. 87.
1970American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 68, repro., as Breezing Up.
1971Campbell, William P. "The American Heritage at the National Gallery of Art." The Connoisseur 178 (December 1971): repro. 269.
1972Wilmerding, John. Winslow Homer. New York, 1972: 92, 94, 134, 174, detail color repro. 127.
1973Williams, Hermann Warner. Mirror to the American Past: A Survey of American Genre Painting, 1750-1900. Greenwich, Connecticut, 1973: 183.
1975Wilmerding, John. Audubon, Homer, Whistler, and Nineteenth Century America. New York, 1975: 12, 13, color repro. 61.
1975Stein, Roger B. Seascape and the American Imagination. New York, 1975: 137.
1976Wilmerding, John. American Art. Hammondsworth, England, and New York, 1976: 134, pl. 160.
1976Eager, Gerald. "The Iconography of the Boat in 19th-Century American Painting." Art Journal 35, no. 3 (Spring 1976): 228, fig. 7.
1976Bloomer, Carolyn M. Principles of Visual Perception. New York, 1976: 69, fig. 5-6.
1978King, Marian. Adventures in Art: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1978: 103, pl. 65, as Breezing Up.
1979Hendricks, Gordon. The Life and Work of Winslow Homer. New York, 1979: 118-119, 275, 276, 282, color repro. 107.
1980American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 176, repro., as Breezing Up.
1980Wilmerding, John. American Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1980: 9, 15, no. 34, color repro.
1980Wilmerding, John. "Winslow Homer's Right and Left." Studies in the History of Art 9 (1980): 64, repro.
1981Williams 1981, 172, 173. repro. 174.
1983Beam, Philip C. Winslow Homer Watercolors. Brunswick, Maine, 1983: 14, 19, 28, 46.
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 554, no. 842, color repro.
1986Judge, Mary A. Winslow Homer. New York, 1986: 45, color repro. 33.
1986Cooper, Helen A. Winslow Homer Watercolors. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven. Washington, 1986: 38, 245, color repro. 39.
1987Prown, Jules David. "Winslow Homer in His Art." Smithsonian Studies in American Art 1 (Spring 1987): 41-42, repro. 36.
1987Wilmerding, John. American Marine Painting. Rev. ed. of A History of American Marine Painting, 1968. New York, 1987: 151, 157, color repro. 158.
1988Wilmerding, John. American Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art. Rev. ed. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1988: 120, no. 37, color repro.
1990Carren, Rachel Ann. "From Reality to Symbol: Images of Children in the Art of Winslow Homer." 2 vols. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 1990: 1:viii, 106-118, 215; 2:repro. 41.
1990Wilmerding, John, and Linda Ayres. Winslow Homer in the 1870's: Selections from the Valentine-Pulsifer Collection. Exh. cat. The Art Museum, Princeton University; Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford. Princeton, 1990: 16, 44, 46-49, repro. 44.
1990Cikovsky, Nicolai, Jr. Winslow Homer. New York, 1990: 56, 58, 61, 87, 147, color repro. 59.
1990Cikovsky, Nicolai, Jr. "Winslow Homer's Unfinished Business." Studies in the History of Art 37 (1990): 102.
1990Cikovsky, Nicolai, Jr. "Homer around 1900." In Winslow Homer: A Symposium. Edited by Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr. In Studies in the History of Art 26 (1990): 144-145, repro. 144.
1991Wilmerding, John. American Views: Essays on American Art. Princeton, 1991: 208, 227, 312, 337-338 n.50, 340 n.10, repro. 206.
1992National Gallery of Art, Washington. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 241, repro.
1992American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 204, repro.
1995Winslow Homer. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1995-1996: no. 76.
1996Kelly, Franklin, with Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., Deborah Chotner, and John Davis. American Paintings of the Nineteenth Century, Part I. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1996: 312-318, color repro.
1997Ross, Novelene. Toward an American Identity: Selections from the Wichita Art Museum Collection of American Art. Wichita, Kansas, 1997: p. 66, no. 3, repro.
1997Hughes, Robert. American Visions: The Epic History of Art in America. New York, 1997: 306-307, color fig. 185.
1998Haltman, Kenneth. "Antipastoralism in Early Winslow Homer" in Art Bulletin, Vol. LXXX, No. 1. 1998: 106-107, repro. no. 23.
1998Prown, Jules D. "Winslow Homer in His Art." In Reading American Art ed. Marianne Doezema and Elizabeth Milroy. New Haven, 1998: 269, 270, fig. 12.4. (Reprints Washington 1987, above.)
2003Lubin, David M. Shooting Kennedy: JFK and the Culture of Images. Berkeley, 2003: 42-43, 321, fig. 13.
2004Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 322-323, no. 259, color repro.
2005Goodrich, Lloyd, edited and expanded by Abigail Booth Gerdts. Record of Works by Winslow Homer. 4 vols. New York, 2005: 2:no. 596, repro.
2006Wilmerding, John. "Masterpiece: The Odyssey of Winslow Homer." The Wall Street Journal (12 August 2006).
2009Gariff, David, Eric Denker, and Dennis P. Weller. The World's Most Influential Painters and the Artists They Inspired. Hauppauge, NY, 2009: 121, color repro.
2011Goldin, Marco. Van Gogh e il viaggio di Gauguin: Variazioni su un tema. Exh. cat. Genoa, 2011. Treviso, 2011: 163, color repro.
2011Greenhalgh, Adam. "Edward Hopper, Ground Swell." In Corcoran Gallery of Art: American Paintings to 1945. Edited by Sarah Cash. Washington, 2011: 248, fig. 1.
2014Kelly, Franklin. "A Lasting Legacy: The Completion of an Unparalleled Gift." National Gallery of Art Bulletin 51 (Fall 2014): 7, repro.

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