Albert Pinkham Ryder (artist)|
American, 1847 - 1917
Siegfried and the Rhine Maidens, 1888/1891
oil on canvas
overall: 50.5 x 52 cm (19 7/8 x 20 1/2 in.) framed: 75.3 x 77.2 x 6.4 cm (29 5/8 x 30 3/8 x 2 1/2 in.)
Andrew W. Mellon Collection
Object 1 of 8
Richard Haines Halsted [d. 1925], New York, by 1891. Sir William Cornelius Van Horne [1843-1915], Montreal, Canada, by 1895; his estate; (his estate sale, Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 24 January 1946, no. 18); purchased by NGA.
 Halsted was a New York stockbroker and member of the New York Athletic Club's Art Committee who collected Oriental and mostly European art; he also owned Ryder's Jonah (middle 1880s to 1890 or later, National Museum of American Art, Washington, D.C.).
 Van Horne was a Canadian railroad magnate, amateur artist, and art collector who also owned Ryder's Constance (middle 1880s to middle 1890s or later, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston); for biographical information on him see Walter Vaughan, The Life and Work of Sir William Van Horne, New York, 1920. For a summary of his relationship with Ryder see Elizabeth Broun, Albert Pinkham Ryder, Exh. cat., National Museum of American Art, Washington, D.C., 1989: 70, 74.
 Siegfried is listed in the sale catalogue, Twenty Important Modern Paintings From the Collection of the Late Sir William Van Horne, K.C.M.G., Montreal (New York, Parke-Bernet Galleries, 24 January 1946), cat. no. 18, 30. These paintings were sold on the instructions of Margaret Van Horne, the wife of Sir William Van Horne's grandson (also named Wiliam). She wrote to James Lane at the National Gallery of Art (letter of 11 December 1947, in NGA curatorial files) the following explanation of the disposition of the Van Horne collection: "When Sir William died in 1915, the Art Collection was left to his widow, his son and his daughter.... The Collection was not divided until February 1945. Until then, the entire Collection was in 'The Estate of the late Sir William Van Horne'.... 'Siegfried and the Rhine Maidens' fell into my share at the time of the division." Margaret Van Horne must have inherited her husband's share, who in turn had inherited it from his father, Sir William's son. When the painting was reproduced or lent after Sir William's death it was usually credited to the collection of his widow, Lady Van Horne.
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