National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of The Railway Edouard Manet (artist)
French, 1832 - 1883
The Railway, 1873
oil on canvas
overall: 93.3 x 111.5 cm (36 3/4 x 43 7/8 in.) framed: 113 x 132.7 x 5.4 cm (44 1/2 x 52 1/4 x 2 1/8 in.)
Gift of Horace Havemeyer in memory of his mother, Louisine W. Havemeyer
On View
From the Tour: Impressionism
Object 1 of 8

1874L'Illustration 63 (23 May 1874): 341
1874Journal Amusant no. 927 (6 June 1874):
1876Claretie, Jules. L'Art et les artistes française contemporains. Paris, 1876: 259-260
1883"Mistaken Impressions." Punch (May 1883): 208.
1884Gonse, Louis. "Manet." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 2e period (February 1884): 146.
1884Péladan. "Le Procédé de Manet." L'Artiste I (February 1884): 115
1884Bazire, Edmond. Manet. Paris, 1884: 84
1884Péladan, Joséphin. Le procédé de Manet." L'Artiste I (1884):115.
1892Castagnary. Salons (1857-1879). 2 vols. Paris, 1892: 118.
1897Proust, Antonin. "Edouard Manet. Souvenirs." La Revue blanche (February- May 1897): 179
1902Duret, Theodore. Histoire d'Édouard Manet et de son oeuvre. Paris, 1902:no. 152, repro.
1908Duret, Theordore. "Edouard Manet et les impressionnistes." In Histoire du paysage en France. Paris, 1908: 308-309.
1908Duret, Theodore. "Eduoard Manet et les impressionistes." InHistoire de paysage en France. Benoit, Françoi, et.. al. Paris, 1908: 308-309.
1908Masters in Art: Edouard Manet. Boston, 1908: 27, 40-41, repro.
1910Duret, Théodore. Manet and the French Impressionists. Translated by J.E. Crawford Flitch. London and Philadelphia, 1910: 69-70, 76, 233, no. 152.
1912Hourticq, Louis, Jean Laran and Georges Le Bas. French Artists of Our Day: Edouard Manet. Philadelphia, 1912: 65-66, repro.
1913Proust, Antonin. Edouard Manet. Paris, 1913: 73, repro.
1919Duret, Theodore. Historie de Edouard Manet et de son oeuvre. Paris, 1919: 112-115, 136-138, 141-142, 167, 256.
1923Waldmann, Emil. Edouard Manet. Berlin, 1923: 78, repro.
1925Blanche, Jacques-Emile. Manet. New York, 1925: 30, 46-52.
1926Moreau-Nélaton, Etienne. Manet reconté par lui-même. 2 vols. Paris, 1926: II:11-13, 36-37, 114.
1927Jamot, Paul. "Manet, 'Le fifre' et Victorine Meurend." La Revue de l'art ancien et moderne LI, no. 282 (January 1927): 36
1930Tabarant, A. "Les Manet de la Collection Havemeyers." (La Renaissance (Feruary 1930: 72, repro.
1932Jamot, Paul, and Georges Wildenstein. Manet. 2 vols. Paris, 1932: 1:37, 91-93, 121, 146-147, no. 231.
1932Huyghe, Rene. "Manet, peintre." L'Amour de l'art 13, no. 5 (May 1932): 184.
1932Colin, Paul. Edouard Manet. Paris, 1932: 40-41, 74, repro.
1933Century of Progress International Exposition (1933-1934 Chicago). The Official Guide Book of the Fair, Chicago, 1933: 111, repro.
1933Rich, Daniel Catton. "The Exhibition of French Art "Art Institute" of Chicago." Formes 33 (1933): 382
1933Bulliet, C.J. Art Masterpieces of a Century of Progress, Fine Arts Exhibition at the Art Institute of Chicago. 2 vols. Chicago, 1933: no. 115, repro.
1937Lewisohn, Samuel. Painters and Personality: A Collector's View of Modern Art. New York, 1937:238, repro.
1940Frankfurter, Alfred M. "The Four Great Impressionists." Art News XXXVIII, no. 25 (23 March 1940): 6-7, 17, repro.
1941Jedlicka, Gotthard. Edouard Manet. Zurich, 1941: 299
1945Malarme, Stephen. "Le jury de peinture pour 1874 et Manet." In L'oeuvres completes. Paris, 1945: 695+
1946Rewald, John. The History of Impressionism. New York, 1946: 263, repro.
1947Florisoone, Michel. Manet. Monoco, 1947: xiv, xvi, 115, 120, repro.
1947Tabarant, A. Manet et ses oeuvres. Paris, 1947: 221-2, 244-5, 317, 491
1948Lewisohn, Sam. Painters and Personality: A Collector's View of Modern Art. New york, 1948: 238, repro.
1948Bex, Maurice. Manet. Columbia series. New York, 1948: repro
1949Blanche, Jacques-Emile. La Pêche aux souvenirs. Paris, 1949:142-143.
1954Chan, Georges. "Les peintres impressionnistes et le chemin de fer." La Vie du rail no. 476 (1954):19+, repro.
1954Hamilton, George Heard. Manet and His Critics. New Haven, 1954: 162, 176, 178-182, 187, 195, 208, 211, 265, repro.
1955Vaudoyer, J.-L. É. Manet. Paris, 1955, no. 36, repro.
1955Bataille, Georges. Manet. Translated by Austryn Wainhouse and James Emmons. Lausanne, 1955: 12.
1956Frankfurter, Alfred. "Fifty-five years of U.S. Museums." Art News 56, no. 4 (Summer 1956): 50-51, repro.
1957Comstock, Helen. "A Great Manet for the National Gallery." The Coinnoisseur 139, no. 561 (May 1957): 202-203, repro.
1958Richardson, John. Edouard Manet: paintings and drawings. London, 1958: no. 43, repro.
1959Frankfurter, Alfred M. "Midas on Parnassus." Art News Annual XXVIII (1959): 38, repro.
1959Evans, Grose. French Painting of the 19th Century in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 1959 (Booklet Number Two in Ten Schools of Painting in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.): 26, color repro.
1961Havemeyer, Louisine W. Sixteen to Sixty: Memoires of a Collector. New York, 1961:220, 236-240.
1962Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Treasures from the National Gallery of Art, New York, 1962: 158, color repro.
1963Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 256, repro.
1965Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 81
1966Hamilton, George Heard. "Is Manet Still Modern?" Art News Annual XXXI (1966): 120-121, 160, 162, repro.
1966Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:426, color repro.
1966Gimpel, René. Diary of an Art Dealer. Translated by John Rosenberg. New York, 1966: 121.
1966Michener, James A. “Four Miracles—And A Masterpiece.” Reader’s Digest 89 (November 1966): 160, repro.
1968Liebman, Kurt. Edouard Manet. Dresden, 1968: 67, repro.
1968Schneider, Pierre. The World of Manet, 1832-1883. New York, 1968: 132-133, 136, 140, repro.
1968Berhaut, Marie. Caillbotte l'Impressioniste. Lausanne, 1968:34-35
1968European Paintings and Sculpture: Illustrations (Companion to the Summary Catalogue, 1965). Washington, 1968: 71, no. 1454, repro.
1969Jaffé, Ludwig G. The World of Impressionism. Maplewood, N.J., 1969: 39, repro.
1970Orienti, Sandra. The Complete Paintings of Manet. London, 1970: no. 180, repro.
1970Orienti, Sandra and Denis Rouart. Edouard Manet. Paris, 1970: no. 181, repro.
1971Nochlin, Linda. Realism. Baltimore, 1971: 162, 264, repro.
1972Hanson, Anne Coffin. "Popular Imagery and the Work of Edouard Manet" in French Nineteenth Century Paintings and Literature, Ulrich Finke, ed. New York, 1972:135-138
1972Bazin, Germain. Edouard Manet. Milan, 1972: 9, 42
1973Rewald, John. The History of Impressionism. New York, 1973: 326-7, 482, repro.
1973Fischel, Lilli. "Von der Bildform der französischen Impressionisten." Jahrbuch der Berliner Museen 15 (1973):94.
1974Callen, Anthea. "Faure and Manet." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 83 (March 1974): 157-178.
1975European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 210, repro.
1975Mauner, George. Manet: Peintre-Philosophe. University Park and London, 1975: 159
1975Lipton, Eunice. "Manet: A Radicalized Female Imagery." Artforum XIII, no. 1 (March 1975):20, 52, repro.
1975Weisberg, Gabriel P. "Aspects of Japanisme." Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art 62 (April 1975):126-128, repro.
1975Rouart, Denis and Daniel Wildenstein. Edouard Manet: catalogue raisonné. 2 vols. Lausanne, Paris, 1975: I: 6, 176-177, no. 207, repro.
1976Dorival, Bernard. "Ukiyo-e and European Painting." in Dialogue in Art: Japan and the West. ed. Chisaburo F. Yanada. Tokyo and New York, 1976: 36, repro.
1976Richardson, John. Manet. Oxford, 1976:plate. 27
1976Bellony-Rewald, Alice. The Lost World of the Impressionists. London, 1976:188, 191, 193, repro.
1977Hanson, Anne Coffin. Manet and the Modern Tradition. New Haven and London, 1977:77,190, repro. 120
1978Cogniat, Raymond and Antoine Terrasse. Le impressionistes. Geneva, 1978: 127-128, repro.
1979Walter, Rudolphe. "Saint Lazare l'impressioniste." L'Oeil 292 (November 1979): 48-55, repro.
1979Watson, Ross. The National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1979: 110, pl. 96.
1980Kelder, Diane. The Great Book of French Impressionism. New York, 1980: 79, 127, 102, repro.
1981Farwell, Beatrice. "Manet and the Nude: A Study in Iconography in the Second Empire." Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 1973. New York, 1981: 160-163, repro.
1982Tucker, Paul Hayes. Monet at Argenteuil. New Haven, 1982: 149, repro.
1982Weitzenhoffer, Frances. "The Creation of the Havemeyer Collection, 1875-1900." Ph.D. dissertation, The City University of New York, 1982: 296-297, no. 107.
1982Isaacson, Joel. "Impressionism and Journalistic Illustration." Arts Magazine 56, no. 10 (June 1982): 107, repro.
1983Feaver, William. "What Makes Manet Modern?" Art News (December 1983) :55ff, repro.
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 454, no. 658, color repro.
1985European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 243, repro.
1986Gay, Peter. Art and Act: On Causes in History - Manet, Gropius, Mondrian. New York, 1986:104-110, repro.
1986The New Painting: Impressionism 1874-1886. Exh. cat. The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco; National Gallery of Art, Washington. San Francisco, 1986: 20-21, repro.
1986Weitzenhoffer, Frances. The Havemeyers: Impressionism Comes to America. New York, 1986:102, 129, 212, repro.
1987Rand, Harry. Manet's Contemplation at the Gare Saint-Lazare. Berkeley, 1987:11
1987Rand, Harry. "To the Gare Saint-Lazare." Arts 61, no. 5 (January 1987): 52 ff., repro.
1988Sothgate, M. Therese. The Cover. Journal of the American Medical Association).
1988Reff, Theodore. "Manet and the Paris of his Time." InKunst um 1800 und die Folgen: Werner Hoffmann zu Ehren Christian Beutler, Peter-Klaus Schuster und Martin Warnke, eds. Munich, 1988: 247+, repro.
1989Distel, Anne. Les collectionneurs des impressionnistes. Amateurs et marchands. Paris, 1989:81, repro.
1991Coman, Florence E., and Elizabeth P. Streicher. Joie de Vivre: French Paintings from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1991:10.
1991Cranshaw, Roger and Adrian Lewis. "Manet's 'Le Chemin de Fer; (1872-3): Producing the Art Historical Text." Issues (Journal of the Faculties of Architecture, Art and Design at Polytechnic of East London):2 (Winter 1991-1992):78+, repro.
1991Wilson-Bareau, Juliet, ed. Manet by Himself: Paintings, Pastels, Prints & Drawings. London, 1991: repro.
1991Darragon, Eric. Manet. Paris, 1991: 244-246, repro.
1992Stevenson, Lesley. Manet. New York, 1992: 155, repro.
1992National Gallery of Art, Washington. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 192, repro.
1992Feist, Peter H. Malerei des Impressionismus 1860-1920. 2 vols. Cologne, 1992: 1:95, repro.
1992Carr-Gomm, Sarah. Manet. London, 1992: 100, repro.
1992Weisberg, Gabriel P. Beyond Impressionism: The Naturalist Impulse. New York, 1992: 13, repro.
1993Perutz, Vivien. Edouard Manet. London, 1993: repro. plate 42.
1993Silver, Larry. Art in History. New York, 1993: 335, color fig. 8.12.
1993Manoeuvre, Laurent. Manet-Paris. Paris, 1993:56, repro.
1994Kranzfelder, Ivo. Edward Hopper 1882-1967: Vision der Wirklichkeit. Cologne, 1994: 67, repro.
1994Rubin, James H. Manet's Silence and the Poetics of Bouquets. Cambridge, 1994: 79, repro.
1994Lemaire, Gerard-Georges. Manet. Milan, 1994:repro. 25.
1995Meixner, Laura L. French Realist Painting and the Critique of American Society 1865-1900. Cambridge, 1995: 197, repro.
1995Esterow, Milton. "Did You Ever See Anything More Beautiful?" Art News 94 (November 1995): 264.
1996Körner, Hans. Edouard Manet: Dandy, Flaneur, Maler. Munich, 1996: 157-158, 230, color fig. 127.
1996Rathbone, Eliza E., et al. Impressionists on the Seine: A Celebration of Renoir's Luncheon of the Boating Party. Washington, 1996: 25, repro. 49.
1996Roos, Jane Mayo. Early Impressionism and the French State (1866-1874). Cambridge, 1996: 200-202.
1996Galassi, Peter. Henri Cartier-Bresson:The Early Work. New York, 1996:repro.
1997Kelder, Diane. The Great Book of French Impressionism. New York, 1997: no. 90, repro.
1997Solana, Guillermo, ed. El Impresionismo: La visión original: Antologia de la critica de arte (1867-1895). Madrid, 1997: repro.
1998Hobbs, Richard, ed. Impressions of French Modernity. Manchester and New York, 1998: 51-53, repro.
1998Manet, Monet, and the Gare Saint-Lazare. Exh. cat. Musée d'Orsay, Paris; National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1998: no. 21.
1998Coignard, Jérôme. "L'impressionnisme à tout vapeur." L'Oeil 493 (February 1998): 37ff., repro.
1998Lumpkin, Libby. The Bellagio Gallery of Fine Art: Impressionist and Modern Masters. Las Vegas, 1998: 35-37, repro.
1998Roters, Eberhard. Malerei des 19.Jahrhunderts: Theme und Motive. 2 vols. Cologne, 1998:I:208, repro.
1998Zuffi, Stefano and Francesca Castira. La peinture moderne des impressionnistes aux avant-gardes. Paris, 1998:repro. 104.
1998Galligan, Gregory. "The Self Picture: Manet, the Mirror, and the Occupation of Realist Painting." Art Bulletin 80, no. 1 (March 1998): 153-154, repro.
1999Lumpkin, Libby, ed. The Bellagio Gallery of Fine Art: European and American Masters. Rev. ed. Las Vegas, 1999: 66, repro.
1999De Seta, Cesare. Il secolo della borghesia. Turin, 1999:167-169, repro.
1999Brettell, Richard R. Monet to Moore: The Millennium Gift of the Sarah Lee Corporation. New Haven, 1999: 137, repro.
1999Loughery, John. "Urban Drama." The Hudson Review 51, no. 4 (Winter 1999): 727-729.
2000Simpson, Marc. "'Offenbarungen für das Auge': Winslow Homers Milkmaids." Belvedere (2000):56-57, repro.
2000Gallati, Barbara Dayer. "William Merritt Chase and the French Connection." Antiques (July 2000): 78, repro.
2000Fried, Michael. Le modernisme de Manet. Paris, 2000: 43, repro.
2000Duve, Thierry de. Voici, 100 ans d'art contemporain. Exh. cat., Palais des beaux-arts, Brussels, 2000: 131+, repro.
2001Southgate, M. Therese. The Art of JAMA II: Covers and Essays from The Journal of the American Medical Association. Chicago, 2001: 4-5, 206, color repro.
2004Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 361-362, no. 297, color repro.
2006Søndergaard, Sidsel Maria. Women in Impressionism: From Mythical Feminine to Modern Woman. Exh. cat. Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen. Milan, 2006: 163 fig. 127.
2009Hook, Philip. The Ultimate Trophy: How the Impressionist Painting Conquered the World. Munich, Berlin, London, New York, 2009: 76, repro.
2010Locke, Nancy. "Manet and his London Critics." The Burlington Magazine CLII (December 2010): 780-782, repro.
2011Bell, Julian. "Manet: Sudden Sensuous Dazzle." Review of Manet: Inventeur du Moderne. Exh. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, 2011. New York Review of Books 58, no. 12 (July 14, 2011): 19.
2012Rosenberg, Karen. "The Week Ahead: Art." New York Times 162, no. 55,924 (October 14, 2012): AR-4, color repro.
2012Jack, Belinda. The Woman Reader. New Haven, 2012: 251, fig. 50.
2013Wecker, Menachem. "Is Jewish Girl Star of Edouard Manet's Famed Painting 'The Railway'?" The Jewish Daily Forward 16 August 2013.
2013Prodger, Michael. “Blank Faces.” Apollo 177, no. 607 (March 2013): 174, color repro.
2013Bell, Julian. "At the Royal Academy." London Review of Books 35, no. 4 (21 February 2013): 28.
2013Khan, Sarah. “Madame, Sie dürfen mich Eddy nennen.” Weltkunst 69 (February 2013): 62-63, color fig.
2013The Editors. "Vorschau: Manet's Gesichter." Weltkunst 68 (Januar 2013): 113, color repro.
2014Fried, Michael Another Light: Jacques-Louis David to Thomas Demand. New Haven, 2014: 170, color fig. 128.
2014Duve, Thierry de. “The Invention of Non-Art: A History.” Artforum 52, no. 6 (February 2014): 198, 199, color fig.

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