National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of The Dead Toreador Edouard Manet (artist)
French, 1832 - 1883
The Dead Toreador, probably 1864
oil on canvas
overall: 75.9 x 153.3 cm (29 7/8 x 60 3/8 in.) framed: 104.4 x 181.6 x 7.6 cm (41 1/8 x 71 1/2 x 3 in.)
Widener Collection
1942.9.40
Not on View
From the Tour: Manet and His Influence
Object 2 of 8

1864Navary, Raoul de, pseud. "Salon de 1864." Gazette des Etrangers (7 June 1864)
1864About, Edmond. Salon de 1864. Paris, 1864:156
1864Pays, Augustin Joseph du. "Salon de 1864." L'Illustration (16 July 1864)
1864Cham, pseud. "Croquis." Le Charivari (22 May 1864)
1864Leroy, Louis. "Salon de 1864." Le Charivari (25 May 1864)
1864Burger, W., pseud. "Charles Baudelaire et les coincidences mysterieuses." L'Indépendance belge (26 June 1864)
1864Burger, W., pseud. "Le Salon de 1864 à Paris." L'Indépendance belge (15 June 1864)
1864Callias, Hector de. "Le Salon de 1864." L'Artiste (1 June 1864):242
1864Gauthier, Théophile. "Salon de 1864, 8e article." Le moniteur universel. (25 June 1864):87
1867Zola, Emile. "Une nouvelle manière en peinture--Edouard Manet." Revue du XIXe Siècle (1 January 1867):34
1867Spuller, Eugène. "Edouard Manet et sa peinture." Le Naine jaune (9 June 1867)
1873Silvestre, Paul Armand. Galerie Durand-Ruel. Paris, London and Brussels, 1873:24
1883Chennevières-Pointel, Philippe, marquis de. Souvenirs d'un Directeur des Beaux-Arts. 5 vols. Paris, 1883-1889:I:40.
1884Bazire, Edmond. Manet. Paris, 1884: 40-42, 71, 114
1884Gonse, Louis. "Manet." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 29 (February 1884):140
1884Péladon, Joséphin. "Le procédé de Manet d'après l'Exposition faire à l'Ecole des Beaux-arts." L'Artiste 1 1(February 1884): 109
1897Proust, Antonin. "Edouard Manet inédit." La revue blanche (15 February 1897):174
1902Duret, Théodore. Histoire d'Edouard Manet et de son oeuvre.Paris, 1902: no. 51.
1904Mayclair, Camille.L'Impressionisme, son histoire, son esthétique, ses maîtres. Paris, 1904:52, repro. 35.
1910Duret, Théodore. Manet and the French Impressionists. Translated by J.E. Crawford Flitch. London and Philadelphia, 1910: 23, 203, 217-218, no. 51.
1910Waldmann, Emil. "Französische Bilder in Amerikanische Privatbesitz." Kunst und Künstler 9 (December 1910): 134,136-137.
1912Meier-Graefe, Julius. Edouard Manet. Munich, 1912: 61, 66, 310
1912Hourticq, Louis, Jean Laran and Georges Le Bas. French Artists of Our Day: Edouard Manet. Philadelphia and London, 1912:19-20, repro.
1915Roberts, William. Pictures in the Collection of P.A.B. Widener at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania: British and Modern French Schools, Philadelphia, 1915: unpaginated, repro.
1916Proust, Antonin. Edouard Manet, souvenirs. Paris, 1916:47
1922Jean-Aubry, Georges. Eugène Boudin, d'après des documents inédits, l'homme et l'oeuvre. Paris, 1922:68-69
1923Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1923: unpaginated, repro.
1925Rosenthal, Leon. "Manet et l'Espagne." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 5e period, XII (September - October 1925): :205-206, 208, 120, 212
1926Moreau-Nélaton, Etienne. Manet, raconté par lui-même. 2 vols. Paris, 1926: I:56-59, 62, 65-66, 110, 132-133; II:108-109.
1930Cortissoz, Royal. The Painter's Craft. New York and London, 1930: 221
1931Tabarant, Adolphe. Manet: histoire catalographique. Paris, 1931: no. 73.
1931Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1931: 168, repro.
1932Bazin, Germaine. "Manet et la tradition." L'Amour de l'Art 13, no. 5 (May 1932): 156, 162.
1932Rich, Daniel Catton. "The Spanish Backgroud for Manet's Early Work." Parnassus 4 (February 1932):1-5
1932Jamot, Paul, and Georges Wildenstein. Manet. 2 vols. Paris, 1932: 1:27, 78-79, 89, 126-127, no. 83.
1932Bouyer, Raymond. "Les expositions." Le Bulletin de l'Art ancien et modern. (July-September 1932): 266
1932La Revue de l'Art 62 no. 338 (July-September 1932): 266, repro.
1932Huyghe, Rene. "Manet, peintre." L'Amour de l'Art 13, no. 5 (May 1932):171, 179.
1932Colin, Paul. Edouard Manet. Paris, 1932:24
1933Lambert, Elie. "Manet et l'Espagne." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 9 (June 1933):374, 376, 379-380
1935Tietze, Hans. Meisterwerke europäischer Malerei in Amerika. Vienna, 1935: 286, repro. (English ed., Masterpieces of European Painting in America. New York, 1939: 286, repro.).
1936Tietze, Hans. "Manet and a So-Called Velazquez." The Burlington Magazine 69 (August 1936): 74, 85
1938Brimo, René. L'évolution du goût aux Etats-Unis d'après l'histoire des collections. Paris, 1938: 117
1938Waldmann, Emil. "Die Sammlung Widener." Pantheon 22 (November 1938): 335, repro.
1938Rey, Robert. Manet. New York and Paris, 1938:119
1939Venturi, Lionello. Les archives de l'impressionnisme. 2 vols. Paris and New York, 1939: II: 189-190
1940J.W. "The Widener Gift." Magazine of Art 33 (November 1940):606-609
1940Widener, Peter A.B. Without Drums. New York. 1940: 60.
1941Jedlicka, Gotthard. Edouard Manet. Erlenbach and Zurich, 1941:234.
1941Whitehill, Virginia N. Stepping Stones in Nineteenth Century Painting. New York, 1941:27
1942The Sunday Star, Washington (6 September 1942): 3, repro.
1942Tabarant, Adolphe. La vie artistique au temps de Baudelaire. Paris,1942:393
1946Huth, Hans. "Impressionism Comes to America." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 29 (April 1946):246
1947Tabarant, Adolphe. Manet et ses oeuvres. Paris, 1947:82-87, 195, 491, 512, 605
1947Baudelaire, Charles. Correspondance générale. 4 vols, Jacques Crepet, ed. Paris, 1947-1953:226-228, 249-250, 275-278
1947Florisoone, Michel. Manet. Monaco, 1947:XX, 24, 122
1948Bex, Maurice. Manet. Columbia series New York, 1948: 10, 21, pl.11
1948Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1948 (reprinted 1959): 105, repro.
1951Sloane, Joseph C. French Painting between the Past and the Present. Princeton, 1951: 194, repro. pl. 66
1951Sloane, Joseph C. "Manet and History." The Art Quarterly 14 (Summer 1951): 103
1952Babelon, Jean. "La España de Manet y el Manet de España." Clavileño: Revista de la Associación Internacional de Hispanismo 3 (1952):19-20
1952Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Great Paintings from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1952: 152, color repro.
1953Crepet, Jacques, ed. Baudelaire: Correspondance generale IV (nov. 1861-1864). Paris, 1953: 227-228, 249
1954Hamilton, George Heard. Manet and His Critics. New Haven, 1954:32-34, 52-64, 65, 69, 97-98, 118, 155, 157, 161, 264, repro. pl. 8-9
1954Sandblad, Nils Gösta. Manet: Three Studies in Artistic Conception. Lund, 1954:150, 155, 156
1955Bataille, Georges. Manet. Translated by Austryn Wainhouse and James Emmons. Lausanne, 1955: 14.
1955Vaudoyer, Jean-Louis. E. Manet. Paris, 1955: no. 15
1956Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1956: 52, repro.
1958Richardson, John. Edouard Manet: paintings and drawings. London, 1958: no. 23, repro.
1959Hemmings, F.W.J. and Niess, Roberts, eds. Emile Zola: Salons. Geneva, 1959: 96, 258
1959National Gallery of Art. Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection. Reprint. Washington, DC, 1959: 105, repro.
1960Lethève, Jacques. "Impressionists ad Symbolists and Journalists." Art News Annual 2 (1960):44
1963Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 323, repro.
1963Lowry, Bates. Muse or Ego: Salon and Independent Artisits of the 1880s. Claremont, 1963: 33
1965Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 81
1966Hamilton, George Heard. "Is Manet Still Modern?" Art News Annual 31 (1966):107, 118, 160.
1966Hudson, Andrew. "Viewpoint on Art." The Washington Post (25 September 1966)
1966Hanson, Anne Coffin. Edouard Manet 1832-1883. Exh. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1966:13, 78-81, no. 59
1966Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:424, color repro.
1967Ackerman, Gerald M. "Gerôme and Manet." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 70 (September 1967:163-176
1967Schmierer, Martha and Richard Verdi. "Thoughts Arising from the Philadelphia-Chicago Manet Exhibition." The Art Quarterly 30 (Fall-Winter 1967):240, 251
1968European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 71, repro.
1968Liebmann, Kurt. Edouard Manet. Dresden, 1968:15, pl. 13
1968Schneider, Pierre. The World of Manet, 1832-1883. New York, 1968:32-33, 60
1969Reff. Theodore. "'Manet's Sources': A Critical Evaluation." Artforum 8 (September 1969):42
1969Spencer, Michael Clifford. The Art Criticism of Théophile Gaultier. Geneva, 1969:67
1969Farwell, Beatrice. "Manet's Espada and Marcantonio." Metropolitan Museum of Art Journal 2 (1969):199
1969Fried, Michael. "Manet's Sources, Aspects of his Art, 1859-1865." Artforum 7 (March 1969):56, 66, 67
1969Isaacson, Joel. Manet and Spain. Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1969:36
1970Hanson, Anne Coffin. "Edouard Manet, 'Les Citanos,' and the Cut Canvas."The Burlington Magazine 112 (March 1970): 158-162.
1970Orienti, Sandra. The Complete Paintings of Manet. London, 1970:93
1970Orienti, Sandra and Denis Rouart. Edouard Manet. Paris, 1970:64
1971Gállego, Julian. "Goya en el arte moderno." Goya (January-February 1971):256
1971Nochlin, Linda. Realism. Baltimore, 1971:64, 253
1972Bazin, Germain. Edouard Manet. Milan, 1972:8, 19, 22, 24, 42, 89
1973Farwell, Beatrice. Manet and the Nude: A Study in Iconography in the Second Empire. Ph.D. diss. UCLA, 1973. New York, 1981:171-172, 205-206, 293-294, 325
1973Meyer, Ruth K. "Jean Léon Gerôme; The Role of Subject Matter and the Importance of Formalized Composition." Arts Magazine 47 (February 1973):33-34
1974Callen, Anthea. "Faure and Manet." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 83 (March 1974): 163, 171.
1975Mauner, George. Manet: Peintre-Philosophe; A Study of the Painter's Themes. University Park, PA, and London, 1975:111, 138-141, 144, 147
1975European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 208, repro.
1975Rouart, Denis and Daniel Wildenstein. Edouard Manet, catalogue raisonné 2 vols. Lausanne and Paris, 1975:I:80-1, no. 72
1977Hanson, Anne Coffin. Manet and the Modern Tradition. New Haven and London, 1977:82,85,119,156,169-170,204, repro. 55
1977Greenwood, Michael. "Towards a Definition of Realism." Artscanada 33 (December 1976-January 1977):9-10
1977Reff, Theodore. Manet: Olympia. New York, 1977:45
1978King, Marian. Adventures in Art: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1978: 84, pl. 51.
1980Kelder, Diane. The Great Book of French Impressionism. New York, 1980: 70, 71, repro.
1982Ross, Novelene. Manet's 'Bar at the Folies-Bergère' and the Myths of Popular Illustration. Ann Arbor, 1982:8
1983Stuckey, Charles F. "Manet Revised: Whodunit?" Art in America 71 (November 1983): repro. 163
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 449, no. 647, color repro.
1985European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 242, repro.
1991Darragon, Eric. Manet. Paris, 1991:137, repro.
1991Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 197, 198, color repro.
1992Carr-Gomm, Sarah. Manet. London, 1992: 68, repro.
1992Stevenson, Lesley. Manet. New York, 1992: 66-67, repro.
1993Perutz, Vivien. Edouard Manet. London and Toronto, 1993: repro. 75.
1994Rubin, James H. Manet's Silence and the Poetics of Bouquets. Cambridge, 1994: repro. no. 46
1994Lemaire, Gerard-Georges. Manet. Milan, 1994: 34, repro.
1994Berhaut, Marie. Caillebotte, sa vie et son oeuvre. Catalogue raisonne des peintures et pastels. Paris, 1978: 34.
1996Körner, Hans. Edouard Manet: Dandy, Flaneur, Maler. Munich, 1996: 85, 88, 228, color fig. 68.
1997Paris-Bruxelles; Bruxelles-Paris. Exh. cat. Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris; musée des Beaux-Arts, Gand, 1997:10
1997Kelder, Diane. The Great Book of French Impressionism, 1997, no. 78, repro.
1997Fernandez, Dominique and Ferrante Ferranti. Le Musée d'Émile Zola :haines et passion, 1997, p. 91, repro.
1998Shefer, Elain. "Death." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography, edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 1:232.
1998Galligan, Gregory. "The Self Pictured: Manet, the Mirror, and the Occupation of Realist Painting." Art Bulletin 80, no. 1 (March 1993): 160-161, repro.
1999Daumier. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, The Phillips Collection, Washington, 1999-2000:178, repro.
2008Locke, Nancy. "Manet Exhibits in Lyon in 1869." The Burlington Magazine 150 no. 1262 (May 2008): 323, color fig. 32.
2013Pludermacher, Isolde. "La Sociéte des amis des arts." In Le Cercle de l'art moderne. Exh. cat. Musée du Luxembourg, Paris, 2013: 33, repro.

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