National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of The Dead Toreador Edouard Manet (artist)
French, 1832 - 1883
The Dead Toreador, probably 1864
oil on canvas
overall: 75.9 x 153.3 cm (29 7/8 x 60 3/8 in.) framed: 104.4 x 181.6 x 7.6 cm (41 1/8 x 71 1/2 x 3 in.)
Widener Collection
1942.9.40
Not on View
From the Tour: Manet and His Influence
Object 2 of 8

1864Gauthier, Théophile. "Salon de 1864, 8e article." Le moniteur universel. (25 June 1864):87
1864Burger, W., pseud. "Le Salon de 1864 à Paris." L'Indépendance belge (15 June 1864)
1864Callias, Hector de. "Le Salon de 1864." L'Artiste (1 June 1864):242
1864Navary, Raoul de, pseud. "Salon de 1864." Gazette des Etrangers (7 June 1864)
1864Pays, Augustin Joseph du. "Salon de 1864." L'Illustration (16 July 1864)
1864About, Edmond. Salon de 1864. Paris, 1864:156
1864Cham, pseud. "Croquis." Le Charivari (22 May 1864)
1864Leroy, Louis. "Salon de 1864." Le Charivari (25 May 1864)
1864Burger, W., pseud. "Charles Baudelaire et les coincidences mysterieuses." L'Indépendance belge (26 June 1864)
1867Zola, Emile. "Une nouvelle manière en peinture--Edouard Manet." Revue du XIXe Siècle (1 January 1867):34
1867Chronique des Arts et de la Curiosité no. 187 (2 June 1867): 174.
1867Spuller, Eugène. "Edouard Manet et sa peinture." Le Naine jaune (9 June 1867)
1873Silvestre, Paul Armand. Galerie Durand-Ruel. Paris, London and Brussels, 1873:24
1883Chennevières-Pointel, Philippe, marquis de. Souvenirs d'un Directeur des Beaux-Arts. 5 vols. Paris, 1883-1889:I:40.
1884Gonse, Louis. "Manet." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 29 (February 1884):140
1884Péladon, Joséphin. "Le procédé de Manet d'après l'Exposition faire à l'Ecole des Beaux-arts." L'Artiste 1 1(February 1884): 109
1884Bazire, Edmond. Manet. Paris, 1884: 40-42, 71, 114
1889"Au Palais de Beaux-Arts." Le Moderniste illustré (27 July 1889): 108-109.
1897Proust, Antonin. "Edouard Manet inédit." La revue blanche (15 February 1897):174
1902Duret, Théodore. Histoire d'Edouard Manet et de son oeuvre.Paris, 1902: no. 51.
1904Mayclair, Camille.L'Impressionisme, son histoire, son esthétique, ses maîtres. Paris, 1904:52, repro. 35.
1908"P.A.B. Widener Collection, February 1st, 1908." Typescript, 2 vols., Library, National Gallery of Art, 1908: 73, repro.
1910Wladmann, Emil. "Edouard Manet in der Sammlung Pellerin." Kunst und Künstler 8 (May 1910): 388n.
1910Waldmann, Emil. "Französische Bilder in Amerikanische Privatbesitz." Kunst und Künstler 9 (December 1910): 134,136-137.
1910Duret, Théodore. Manet and the French Impressionists. Translated by J.E. Crawford Flitch. London and Philadelphia, 1910: 23, 203, 217-218, no. 51.
1912Meier-Graefe, Julius. Edouard Manet. Munich, 1912: 61, 66, 310
1912Hourticq, Louis, Jean Laran and Georges Le Bas. French Artists of Our Day: Edouard Manet. Philadelphia and London, 1912:19-20, repro.
1913Proust, Antonin. Edouard Manet. Paris, 1913: 47.
1915Roberts, William. Pictures in the Collection of P.A.B. Widener at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania: British and Modern French Schools, Philadelphia, 1915: unpaginated, repro.
1919Duret, Théodore. Histoire de Edouard Manet et de son oeuvre. Paris, 1919: no. 51.
1922Jean-Aubry, Georges. Eugène Boudin, d'après des documents inédits, l'homme et l'oeuvre. Paris, 1922:68-69
1923Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1923: unpaginated, repro.
1925Rosenthal, Leon. "Manet et l'Espagne." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 5e period, XII (September - October 1925): :205-206, 208, 120, 212
1926Moreau-Nélaton, Etienne. Manet, raconté par lui-même. 2 vols. Paris, 1926: I:56-59, 62, 65-66, 110, 132-133; II:108-109.
1930Cortissoz, Royal. The Painter's Craft. New York and London, 1930: 221
1931Tabarant, Adolphe. Manet: histoire catalographique. Paris, 1931: no. 73.
1931Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1931: 168, repro.
1932Bouyer, Raymond. "Les expositions." Le Bulletin de l'Art ancien et modern. (July-September 1932): 266
1932Huyghe, Rene. "Manet, peintre." L'Amour de l'Art 13, no. 5 (May 1932):171, 179.
1932Rich, Daniel Catton. "The Spanish Backgroud for Manet's Early Work." Parnassus 4 (February 1932):1-5
1932Jamot, Paul, and Georges Wildenstein. Manet. 2 vols. Paris, 1932: 1:27, 78-79, 89, 126-127, no. 83.
1932Colin, Paul. Edouard Manet. Paris, 1932:24
1932La Revue de l'Art 62 no. 338 (July-September 1932): 266, repro.
1932Bazin, Germaine. "Manet et la tradition." L'Amour de l'Art 13, no. 5 (May 1932): 156, 162.
1933Lambert, Elie. "Manet et l'Espagne." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 9 (June 1933):374, 376, 379-380
1935Tietze, Hans. Meisterwerke europäischer Malerei in Amerika. Vienna, 1935: 286, repro. (English ed., Masterpieces of European Painting in America. New York, 1939: 286, repro.).
1936Tietze, Hans. "Manet and a So-Called Velazquez." The Burlington Magazine 69 (August 1936): 74, 85, repro.
1938Waldmann, Emil. "Die Sammlung Widener." Pantheon 22 (November 1938): 335, repro.
1938Brimo, René. L'évolution du goût aux Etats-Unis d'après l'histoire des collections. Paris, 1938: 117
1938Rey, Robert. Manet. New York and Paris, 1938:119
1939Venturi, Lionello. Les archives de l'impressionnisme. 2 vols. Paris and New York, 1939: II: 189-190
1939Tietze, Hans. Masterpieces of European Painting in America. New York, 1939: 328, repro.
1940Widener, Peter A.B. Without Drums. New York. 1940: 60.
1940J.W. "The Widener Gift." Magazine of Art 33 (November 1940):606-609
1941Jedlicka, Gotthard. Edouard Manet. Erlenbach and Zurich, 1941:234.
1941Whitehill, Virginia N. Stepping Stones in Nineteenth Century Painting. New York, 1941:27
1942Tabarant, Adolphe. La vie artistique au temps de Baudelaire. Paris,1942:393
1942The Sunday Star, Washington (6 September 1942): 3, repro.
1942"Changes at the Frick." The New York Times (9 August 1942): 6X.
1946Huth, Hans. "Impressionism Comes to America." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 29 (April 1946):246
1947Florisoone, Michel. Manet. Monaco, 1947:XX, 24, 122
1947Baudelaire, Charles. Correspondance générale. 4 vols, Jacques Crepet, ed. Paris, 1947-1953:226-228, 249-250, 275-278
1947Tabarant, Adolphe. Manet et ses oeuvres. Paris, 1947:82-87, 195, 491, 512, 605
1948Bex, Maurice. Manet. Columbia series New York, 1948: 10, 21, pl.11
1948Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1948 (reprinted 1959): 105, repro.
1951Sloane, Joseph C. "Manet and History." The Art Quarterly 14 (Summer 1951): 103
1951Sloane, Joseph C. French Painting between the Past and the Present. Princeton, 1951: 194, repro. pl. 66 [Reprint 1973]
1952Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Great Paintings from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1952: 152, color repro.
1952Babelon, Jean. "La España de Manet y el Manet de España." Clavileño: Revista de la Associación Internacional de Hispanismo 3 (1952):19-20
1953Crepet, Jacques, ed. Baudelaire: Correspondance generale IV (nov. 1861-1864). Paris, 1953: 227-228, 249
1954Sandblad, Nils Gösta. Manet: Three Studies in Artistic Conception. Lund, 1954:150, 155, 156
1954Hamilton, George Heard. Manet and His Critics. New Haven, 1954:32-34, 52-64, 65, 69, 97-98, 118, 155, 157, 161, 264, repro. pl. 8-9
1955Bataille, Georges. Manet. Translated by Austryn Wainhouse and James Emmons. Lausanne, 1955: 14.
1955Vaudoyer, Jean-Louis. E. Manet. Paris, 1955: no. 15
1956Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1956: 52, repro.
1958Richardson, John. Edouard Manet: paintings and drawings. London, 1958: no. 23, repro.
1959Hemmings, F.W.J. and Niess, Roberts, eds. Emile Zola: Salons. Geneva, 1959: 96, 258
1959National Gallery of Art. Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection. Reprint. Washington, DC, 1959: 105, repro.
1960Lethève, Jacques. "Impressionists ad Symbolists and Journalists." Art News Annual 2 (1960):44
1963Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 323, repro.
1963Lowry, Bates. Muse or Ego: Salon and Independent Artisits of the 1880s. Claremont, 1963: 33
1965Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 81.
1966Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:424, color repro.
1966Hanson, Anne Coffin. Edouard Manet 1832-1883. Exh. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1966:13, 78-81, no. 59
1966Hudson, Andrew. "Viewpoint on Art." The Washington Post (25 September 1966)
1966Hamilton, George Heard. "Is Manet Still Modern?" Art News Annual 31 (1966):107, 118, 160.
1967Schmierer, Martha and Richard Verdi. "Thoughts Arising from the Philadelphia-Chicago Manet Exhibition." The Art Quarterly 30 (Fall-Winter 1967):240, 251
1967Ackerman, Gerald M. "Gerôme and Manet." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 70 (September 1967:163-176
1968Liebmann, Kurt. Edouard Manet. Dresden, 1968:15, pl. 13
1968European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 71, repro.
1968Schneider, Pierre. The World of Manet, 1832-1883. New York, 1968:32-33, 60
1968Jean-Aubry, Georges, with Robert Schmit. Eugène Boudin. Paris, 1968: 68.
1968The Frick Collection: An Illustrated Catalogue, vol. 2, Paintings, French, Italian and Spanish. New York, 1968:154.
1969Reff. Theodore. "'Manet's Sources': A Critical Evaluation." Artforum 8 (September 1969):42
1969Farwell, Beatrice. "Manet's Espada and Marcantonio." Metropolitan Museum of Art Journal 2 (1969):199
1969Fried, Michael. "Manet's Sources, Aspects of his Art, 1859-1865." Artforum 7 (March 1969):56, 66, 67
1969Isaacson, Joel. Manet and Spain. Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1969:36
1969Spencer, Michael Clifford. The Art Criticism of Théophile Gaultier. Geneva, 1969:67
1970Orienti, Sandra. The Complete Paintings of Manet. London, 1970:93
1970Hanson, Anne Coffin. "Edouard Manet, 'Les Citanos,' and the Cut Canvas."The Burlington Magazine 112 (March 1970): 158-162.
1970Orienti, Sandra and Denis Rouart. Edouard Manet. Paris, 1970:64
1971Nochlin, Linda. Realism. Baltimore, 1971:64, 253
1971Gállego, Julian. "Goya en el arte moderno." Goya (January-February 1971):256
1972Bazin, Germain. Edouard Manet. Milan, 1972:8, 19, 22, 24, 42, 89
1973Meyer, Ruth K. "Jean Léon Gerôme; The Role of Subject Matter and the Importance of Formalized Composition." Arts Magazine 47 (February 1973):33-34
1974Callen, Anthea. "Faure and Manet." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 83 (March 1974): 163, 171.
1975European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 208, repro.
1975Rouart, Denis and Daniel Wildenstein. Edouard Manet, catalogue raisonné 2 vols. Lausanne and Paris, 1975:I:80-1, no. 72
1975Mauner, George. Manet: Peintre-Philosophe; A Study of the Painter's Themes. University Park, PA, and London, 1975:111, 138-141, 144, 147
1976Reff, Theodore. "Review of Eduard Manet, Catalogue raisonné by Denis Rouart and Daniel Wildenstein," Art Bulletin (1976): 636.
1976Greenwood, Michael. "Towards a Definition of Realism." Artscanada 33 (December 1976-January 1977):9-10
1977Hanson, Anne Coffin. Manet and the Modern Tradition. New Haven and London, 1977:82,85,119,156,169-170,204, repro. 55
1977Reff, Theodore. Manet: Olympia. New York, 1977:45
1978Berhaut, Marie. Caillebotte, sa vie et son oeuvre. Catalogue raisonne des peintures et pastels. Paris, 1978: 34.
1978Takás, Marianne H. "Deux paintres espagnols ayant servi de modèles a Manet." Acta Historiae Artium 24 no. 1-4 (1978): 397+, repro.
1978King, Marian. Adventures in Art: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1978: 84, pl. 51.
1980Kelder, Diane. The Great Book of French Impressionism. New York, 1980: 70, 71, repro.
1981Farwell, Beatrice. "Manet and the Nude: A Study in Iconography in the Second Empire." Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 1973. New York, 1981:171-172, 205-206, 293-294, 325.
1982Ross, Novelene. Manet's 'Bar at the Folies-Bergère' and the Myths of Popular Illustration. Ann Arbor, 1982:8
1983Stuckey, Charles F. "Manet Revised: Whodunit?" Art in America 71 (November 1983): repro. 163
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 449, no. 647, color repro.
1985European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 242, repro.
1991Darragon, Eric. Manet. Paris, 1991:137, repro.
1991Wilson-Bareau, Juliet, ed. Manet by Himself: Paintings, Pastels, Prints & Drawings. London, 1991: no. 72, repro.
1991Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 197, 198, color repro.
1992Stevenson, Lesley. Manet. New York, 1992: 66-67, repro.
1992Wilson-Bareau, Juliet. Manet, The Execution of Maximilian: Painting, Politics and Censorship. London, 1992: 41-44, repro.
1992Carr-Gomm, Sarah. Manet. London, 1992: 68, repro.
1993Perutz, Vivien. Edouard Manet. London and Toronto, 1993: repro. 75.
1994Lemaire, Gerard-Georges. Manet. Milan, 1994: 34, repro.
1994Rubin, James H. Manet's Silence and the Poetics of Bouquets. Cambridge, 1994: repro. no. 46
1996Körner, Hans. Edouard Manet: Dandy, Flaneur, Maler. Munich, 1996: 85, 88, 228, color fig. 68.
1997Fernandez, Dominique and Ferrante Ferranti. Le Musée d'Émile Zola :haines et passion, 1997, p. 91, repro.
1997Paris-Bruxelles; Bruxelles-Paris. Exh. cat. Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris; musée des Beaux-Arts, Gand, 1997:10
1997Kelder, Diane. The Great Book of French Impressionism, 1997, no. 78, repro.
1998Galligan, Gregory. "The Self Pictured: Manet, the Mirror, and the Occupation of Realist Painting." Art Bulletin 80, no. 1 (March 1993): 160-161, repro.
1998Zuffi, Stefano and Francesca Castira. La peinture moderne des impressionnistes aux avant-gardes. Paris, 1998: repro. 103.
1998Shefer, Elain. "Death." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography, edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 1:232.
1999Daumier. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, The Phillips Collection, Washington, 1999-2000:178, repro.
2008Locke, Nancy. "Manet Exhibits in Lyon in 1869." The Burlington Magazine 150 no. 1262 (May 2008): 323, color fig. 32.
2013Pludermacher, Isolde. "La Sociéte des amis des arts." In Le Cercle de l'art moderne. Exh. cat. Musée du Luxembourg, Paris, 2013: 33, repro.

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