National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of The Dead Toreador Edouard Manet (artist)
French, 1832 - 1883
The Dead Toreador, probably 1864
oil on canvas
overall: 75.9 x 153.3 cm (29 7/8 x 60 3/8 in.) framed: 104.4 x 181.6 x 7.6 cm (41 1/8 x 71 1/2 x 3 in.)
Widener Collection
1942.9.40
Not on View
From the Tour: Manet and His Influence
Object 2 of 8

1864Navary, Raoul de, pseud. "Salon de 1864." Gazette des Etrangers (7 June 1864)
1864Callias, Hector de. "Le Salon de 1864." L'Artiste (1 June 1864):242
1864About, Edmond. Salon de 1864. Paris, 1864:156
1864Burger, W., pseud. "Charles Baudelaire et les coincidences mysterieuses." L'Indépendance belge (26 June 1864)
1864Burger, W., pseud. "Le Salon de 1864 à Paris." L'Indépendance belge (15 June 1864)
1864Pays, Augustin Joseph du. "Salon de 1864." L'Illustration (16 July 1864)
1864Gauthier, Théophile. "Salon de 1864, 8e article." Le moniteur universel. (25 June 1864):87
1864Cham, pseud. "Croquis." Le Charivari (22 May 1864)
1864Leroy, Louis. "Salon de 1864." Le Charivari (25 May 1864)
1867Zola, Emile. "Une nouvelle manière en peinture--Edouard Manet." Revue du XIXe Siècle (1 January 1867):34
1867Spuller, Eugène. "Edouard Manet et sa peinture." Le Naine jaune (9 June 1867)
1873Silvestre, Paul Armand. Galerie Durand-Ruel. Paris, London and Brussels, 1873:24
1883Chennevières-Pointel, Philippe, marquis de. Souvenirs d'un Directeur des Beaux-Arts. 5 vols. Paris, 1883-1889:I:40.
1884Péladon, Joséphin. "Le procédé de Manet d'après l'Exposition faire à l'Ecole des Beaux-arts." L'Artiste 1 1(February 1884): 109
1884Gonse, Louis. "Manet." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 29 (February 1884):140
1884Bazire, Edmond. Manet. Paris, 1884: 40-42, 71, 114
1897Proust, Antonin. "Edouard Manet inédit." La revue blanche (15 February 1897):174
1902Duret, Théodore. Histoire d'Edouard Manet et de son oeuvre.Paris, 1902: no. 51.
1904Mayclair, Camille.L'Impressionisme, son histoire, son esthétique, ses maîtres. Paris, 1904:52, repro. 35.
1910Waldmann, Emil. "Französische Bilder in Amerikanische Privatbesitz." Kunst und Künstler 9 (December 1910): 134,136-137.
1910Duret, Théodore. Manet and the French Impressionists. Translated by J.E. Crawford Flitch. London and Philadelphia, 1910: 23, 203, 217-218, no. 51.
1912Hourticq, Louis, Jean Laran and Georges Le Bas. French Artists of Our Day: Edouard Manet. Philadelphia and London, 1912:19-20, repro.
1912Meier-Graefe, Julius. Edouard Manet. Munich, 1912: 61, 66, 310
1915Roberts, William. Pictures in the Collection of P.A.B. Widener at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania: British and Modern French Schools, Philadelphia, 1915: unpaginated, repro.
1916Proust, Antonin. Edouard Manet, souvenirs. Paris, 1916:47
1922Jean-Aubry, Georges. Eugène Boudin, d'après des documents inédits, l'homme et l'oeuvre. Paris, 1922:68-69
1923Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1923: unpaginated, repro.
1925Rosenthal, Leon. "Manet et l'Espagne." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 12 (September-October 1925):205-206, 208, 120, 212
1926Moreau-Nélaton, Etienne. Manet, raconté par lui-même. 2 vols. Paris, 1926: I:56-59, 62, 65-66, 110, 132-133; II:108-109.
1930Cortissoz, Royal. The Painter's Craft. New York and London, 1930: 221
1931Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1931: 168, repro.
1931Tabarant, Adolphe. Manet: histoire catalographique. Paris, 1931: no. 73.
1932La Revue de l'Art 62 no. 338 (July-September 1932): 266, repro.
1932Rich, Daniel Catton. "The Spanish Backgroud for Manet's Early Work." Parnassus 4 (February 1932):1-5
1932Jamot, Paul, and Georges Wildenstein. Manet. 2 vols. Paris, 1932: 1:27, 78-79, 89, 126-127, no. 83.
1932Bouyer, Raymond. "Les expositions." Le Bulletin de l'Art ancien et modern. (July-September 1932): 266
1932Huyghe, Rene. "Manet, peintre." L'Amour de l'Art 13, no. 5 (May 1932):171, 179.
1932Bazin, Germaine. "Manet et la tradition." L'Amour de l'Art 13, no. 5 (May 1932): 156, 162.
1932Colin, Paul. Edouard Manet. Paris, 1932:24
1933Lambert, Elie. "Manet et l'Espagne." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 9 (June 1933):374, 376, 379-380
1935Tietze, Hans. Meisterwerke europäischer Malerei in Amerika. Vienna, 1935: 286, repro. (English ed., Masterpieces of European Painting in America. New York, 1939: 286, repro.).
1936Tietze, Hans. "Manet and a So-Called Velazquez." The Burlington Magazine 69 (August 1936): 74, 85
1938Brimo, René. L'évolution du goût aux Etats-Unis d'après l'histoire des collections. Paris, 1938: 117
1938Rey, Robert. Manet. New York and Paris, 1938:119
1938Waldmann, Emil. "Die Sammlung Widener." Pantheon 22 (November 1938): 335, repro.
1939Venturi, Lionello. Les archives de l'impressionnisme. 2 vols. Paris and New York, 1939: II: 189-190
1940J.W. "The Widener Gift." Magazine of Art 33 (November 1940):606-609
1940Widener, Peter A.B. Without Drums. New York. 1940: 60.
1941Jedlicka, Gotthard. Edouard Manet. Erlenbach and Zurich, 1941:234.
1941Whitehill, Virginia N. Stepping Stones in Nineteenth Century Painting. New York, 1941:27
1942The Sunday Star, Washington (6 September 1942): 3, repro.
1942Tabarant, Adolphe. La vie artistique au temps de Baudelaire. Paris,1942:393
1946Huth, Hans. "Impressionism Comes to America." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 29 (April 1946):246
1947Florisoone, Michel. Manet. Monaco, 1947:XX, 24, 122
1947Baudelaire, Charles. Correspondance générale. 4 vols, Jacques Crepet, ed. Paris, 1947-1953:226-228, 249-250, 275-278
1947Tabarant, Adolphe. Manet et ses oeuvres. Paris, 1947:82-87, 195, 491, 512, 605
1948Bex, Maurice. Manet. Columbia series New York, 1948: 10, 21, pl.11
1948Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1948 (reprinted 1959): 105, repro.
1951Sloane, Joseph C. French Painting between the Past and the Present. Princeton, 1951: 194, repro. pl. 66
1951Sloane, Joseph C. "Manet and History." The Art Quarterly 14 (Summer 1951): 103
1952Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Great Paintings from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1952: 152, color repro.
1952Babelon, Jean. "La España de Manet y el Manet de España." Clavileño: Revista de la Associación Internacional de Hispanismo 3 (1952):19-20
1953Crepet, Jacques, ed. Baudelaire: Correspondance generale IV (nov. 1861-1864). Paris, 1953: 227-228, 249
1954Sandblad, Nils Gösta. Manet: Three Studies in Artistic Conception. Lund, 1954:150, 155, 156
1954Hamilton, George Heard. Manet and His Critics. New Haven, 1954:32-34, 52-64, 65, 69, 97-98, 118, 155, 157, 161, 264, repro. pl. 8-9
1955Vaudoyer, Jean-Louis. E. Manet. Paris, 1955: no. 15
1955Bataille, Georges. Manet. Translated by Austryn Wainhouse and James Emmons. Lausanne, 1955: 14.
1956Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1956: 52, repro.
1958Richardson, John. Edouard Manet: paintings and drawings. London, 1958: no. 23, repro.
1959Hemmings, F.W.J. and Niess, Roberts, eds. Emile Zola: Salons. Geneva, 1959: 96, 258
1959National Gallery of Art. Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection. Reprint. Washington, DC, 1959: 105, repro.
1960Lethève, Jacques. "Impressionists ad Symbolists and Journalists." Art News Annual 2 (1960):44
1963Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 323, repro.
1963Lowry, Bates. Muse or Ego: Salon and Independent Artisits of the 1880s. Claremont, 1963: 33
1965Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 81
1966Hanson, Anne Coffin. Edouard Manet 1832-1883. Exh. cat. Philadelphia, 1966:13, 78-81, no. 59
1966Hudson, Andrew. "Viewpoint on Art." The Washington Post (25 September 1966)
1966Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:424, color repro.
1966Hamilton, George Heard. "Is Manet Still Modern?" Art News Annual 31 (1966):107, 118, 160.
1967Schmierer, Martha and Richard Verdi. "Thoughts Arising from the Philadelphia-Chicago Manet Exhibition." The Art Quarterly 30 (Fall-Winter 1967):240, 251
1967Ackerman, Gerald M. "Gerôme and Manet." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 70 (September 1967:163-176
1968Schneider, Pierre. The World of Manet, 1832-1883. New York, 1968:32-33, 60
1968Liebmann, Kurt. Edouard Manet. Dresden, 1968:15, pl. 13
1968European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 71, repro.
1969Spencer, Michael Clifford. The Art Criticism of Théophile Gaultier. Geneva, 1969:67
1969Reff. Theodore. "'Manet's Sources': A Critical Evaluation." Artforum 8 (September 1969):42
1969Isaacson, Joel. Manet and Spain. Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1969:36
1969Fried, Michael. "Manet's Sources, Aspects of his Art, 1859-1865." Artforum 7 (March 1969):56, 66, 67
1969Farwell, Beatrice. "Manet's Espada and Marcantonio." Metropolitan Museum of Art Journal 2 (1969):199
1970Orienti, Sandra. The Complete Paintings of Manet. London, 1970:93
1970Orienti, Sandra and Denis Rouart. Edouard Manet. Paris, 1970:64
1970Hanson, Anne Coffin. "Edouard Manet, 'Les Citanos,' and the Cut Canvas."The Burlington Magazine 112 (March 1970): 158-162.
1971Gállego, Julian. "Goya en el arte moderno." Goya (January-February 1971):256
1971Nochlin, Linda. Realism. Baltimore, 1971:64, 253
1972Bazin, Germain. Edouard Manet. Milan, 1972:8, 19, 22, 24, 42, 89
1973Meyer, Ruth K. "Jean Léon Gerôme; The Role of Subject Matter and the Importance of Formalized Composition." Arts Magazine 47 (February 1973):33-34
1973Farwell, Beatrice. Manet and the Nude: A Study in Iconography in the Second Empire. Ph.D. diss. UCLA, 1973. New York, 1981:171-172, 205-206, 293-294, 325
1974Callen, Anthea. "Faure and Manet." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 83 (March 1974): 163, 171.
1975European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 208, repro.
1975Mauner, George. Manet: Peintre-Philosophe; A Study of the Painter's Themes. University Park, PA, and London, 1975:111, 138-141, 144, 147
1975Rouart, Denis and Daniel Wildenstein. Edouard Manet, catalogue raisonné 2 vols. Lausanne and Paris, 1975:I:80-1, no. 72
1977Greenwood, Michael. "Towards a Definition of Realism." Artscanada 33 (December 1976-January 1977):9-10
1977Hanson, Anne Coffin. Manet and the Modern Tradition. New Haven and London, 1977:82,85,119,156,169-170,204, repro. 55
1977Reff, Theodore. Manet: Olympia. New York, 1977:45
1978King, Marian. Adventures in Art: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1978: 84, pl. 51.
1980Kelder, Diane. The Great Book of French Impressionism. New York, 1980: 70, 71, repro.
1982Ross, Novelene. Manet's 'Bar at the Folies-Bergère' and the Myths of Popular Illustration. Ann Arbor, 1982:8
1983Stuckey, Charles F. "Manet Revised: Whodunit?" Art in America 71 (November 1983): repro. 163
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 449, no. 647, color repro.
1985European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 242, repro.
1991Darragon, Eric. Manet. Paris, 1991:137, repro.
1991Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 197, 198, color repro.
1992Stevenson, Lesley. Manet. New York, 1992: 66-67, repro.
1992Carr-Gomm, Sarah. Manet. London, 1992: 68, repro.
1993Perutz, Vivien. Edouard Manet. London and Toronto, 1993: repro. 75.
1994Berhaut, Marie. Caillebotte, sa vie et son oeuvre. Catalogue raisonne des peintures et pastels. Paris, 1978: 34.
1994Rubin, James H. Manet's Silence and the Poetics of Bouquets. Cambridge, 1994: repro. no. 46
1994Lemaire, Gerard-Georges. Manet. Milan, 1994: 34, repro.
1996Körner, Hans. Edouard Manet: Dandy, Flaneur, Maler. Munich, 1996: 85, 88, 228, color fig. 68.
1997Kelder, Diane. The Great Book of French Impressionism, 1997, no. 78, repro.
1997Paris-Bruxelles; Bruxelles-Paris. Exh. cat. Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris; musée des Beaux-Arts, Gand, 1997:10
1997Fernandez, Dominique and Ferrante Ferranti. Le Musée d'Émile Zola :haines et passion, 1997, p. 91, repro.
1998Galligan, Gregory. "The Self Pictured: Manet, the Mirror, and the Occupation of Realist Painting." Art Bulletin 80, no. 1 (March 1993): 160-161, repro.
1998Shefer, Elain. "Death." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography, edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 1:232.
1999Daumier. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, The Phillips Collection, Washington, 1999-2000:178, repro.
2008Locke, Nancy. "Manet Exhibits in Lyon in 1869." The Burlington Magazine 150 no. 1262 (May 2008): 323, color fig. 32.
2013Pludermacher, Isolde. "La Sociéte des amis des arts." In Le Cercle de l'art moderne. Exh. cat. Musée du Luxembourg, Paris, 2013: 33, repro.

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