National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of The Old Musician Edouard Manet (artist)
French, 1832 - 1883
The Old Musician, 1862
oil on canvas
overall: 187.4 x 248.2 cm (73 3/4 x 97 11/16 in.) framed: 238.76 x 297.82 cm (94 x 117 1/4 in.) framed weight: 275 lb.
Chester Dale Collection
On View
From the Tour: Manet and His Influence
Object 1 of 8

1884Gonse, Louis. "Manet." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 2e period (February 1884): 138, 140.
1884Bazire, Edmond. Manet. Paris, 1884:15-17, 128.
1902Duret, Théodore. Histoire d'Edouard Manet et de son oeuvre.Paris, 1902:203, no. 40, repro.
1904Mayclair, Camille.L'Impressionisme, son histoire, son esthétique, ses maîtres. Paris, 1904: repro. opposite 16.
1909Sainte-Croix, Camille de. Edouard Manet, Portraits d'Hier. Paris, 1909 [reprinted in T. A. Gronberg, "Manet: A Retrospective," as "A Collegian and Manet," New York, 1990, 137].
1910Duret, Théodore. Manet and the French Impressionists. Translated by J.E. Crawford Flitch. London and Philadelphia, 1910: 37, 216, no. 40.
1912Meier-Graefe, Julius. Edouard Manet. Munich, 1912: 54, 316, repro.
1912"L'Exposition centennale de peinture française à Saint-Petersboug." Les arts XI (September 1912): 31.
1919Duret, Théodore. Histoire de Edouard Manet et de son oeuvre. Paris, 1919: 23, 240.
1924Severini, Gino. Manet. Rome, 1924: repro. 3.
1925Blanche, Jacques-Emile. Manet. New York, 1925:31.
1925Rosenthal, Leon. "Manet et l'Espagne." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 5e period, XII (September - October 1925): 208, 211.
1926Moreau-Nélaton, Etienne. Manet, raconté par lui-même. 2 vols. Paris, 1926: I 39, 43, 47, 134; II: 120.
1928Meier-Graefe, Julius. "Edouard Manet zur Ausstellung in der Galerie Matthiesen." Der Cicerone XX (1928): 85, repro.
1929Apollo 9 (June 1929): 360, repro.
1930"A Manet Masterpiece of America." Vanity Fair (September 1930): 53, repro.
1930"De Delacroix à nos Jours: une exposition-programme à la Galerie Georges Petit," Caheirs d'Art 5, no. 5 (July 1930): repro. 252.
1930Wehle, Harry B. Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (October 1930): 225-226.
1930Taylor, Francis Henry. "Salade de Legumes or Vegetable Plate?" Parnassus 2, no. VII (November 1930): 3, repro.
1931McBride, Henry. "The Chester Dale Collection at New York." Formes 14 (April 1931): 57, repro.
1931Tabarant, Adolphe. Manet: histoire catalographique. Paris, 1931: 46-47, 70, no. 43.
1932Bazin, Germaine. "Manet et la tradition." L'Amour de l'Art 13, no. 5 (May 1932): 155.
1932Jamot, Paul, and Georges Wildenstein. Manet. 2 vols. Paris, 1932: 1: 25, 63, 76, 89, 119-120, no. 44.
1932Huyghe, Rene. "Manet, peintre." L'Amour de l'Art 13, no. 5 (May 1932): 171, 175.
1932Colin, Paul. Edouard Manet. Paris, 1932: 22.
1933Lambert, Elie. "Manet et l'Espagne." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 9 (June 1933) 373-374.
1938Rey, Robert. Manet. New York and Paris, 1938: 11, repro.
1938Pemberton, Murdock. "Ambassador to Art." Esquire (February 1938): repro.
1939Venturi, Lionello. Les archives de l'impressionnisme. 2 vols. Paris and New York, 1939: II: 214.
1941"Chester Dale Loans to the National Gallery." Art Digest 16 (15 November 1941): 9.
1941McBride, Henry. "French Art at Washington." The New York Sun. (21 November 1941): 36, repro.
1941"Chester Dale Collection: Masterpieces of 19th Century Painting Shown in Washington." Pictures on Exhibit 5, no. 3 (December 1941): 10-11, repro.
1941Frankfurter, Alfred M. "Now the Great French 19th Century in the National Gallery." Art News 40, no. 17 (December 15-31, 1941):repro. p. 19
1941Catalogue of French Paintings from the Chester Dale Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 9, repro. pl. XVI
1941"The Chester Dale Pictures on loan to the National Gallery of Art."Magazine of Art 34 no. 9 (November 1941): 476+, repro.
1941"Dale's Dilemma." Time (8 December 1941)
1942Sater, Katherine. "Great Paintings Shown At National Gallery." The Columbus (Ohio) Citizen (13 December 1941): 4.
1942French Paintings from the Chester Dale Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 32, repro.
1942Dale, Chester. "The Golden Century of French Art." The New York Times Magazine 17 May 1942: 21, repro.
1942Tabarant, Adolphe. La vie artistique au temps de Baudelaire. Paris,1942: 367, 488.
1944Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Masterpieces of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1944: 160, color repro.
1944French Paintings from the Chester Dale Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1944: 32, repro.
1944Jewell, Edward Alden. French Impressionists and their Contemporaries Represented in American Collections. New York, 1944: repro. 60.
1947Florisoone, Michel. Manet. Monaco, 1947: 15, repro.
1947Tabarant, Adolphe. Manet et ses oeuvres. Paris, 1947: 46-48, 136-137, 491.
1948Walker, John. "Edouard Manet." Ladies Home Journal (September 1948)
1948Bex, Maurice. Manet. Columbia series New York, 1948: repro pl. 14.
1952"Chester Dale's Collection." Pictures on Exhibit Vol XV, no 3 (December 1952): 10, repro.
1952McBride. Henry. "Chesterdale's Way." Art News 51, no. 9 (December 1952):53, repro.
1953French Paintings from the Chester Dale Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1953: 42, repro.
1954Hamilton, George Heard. Manet and His Critics. New Haven, 1954: 38, 105, 271, 276, 278.
1954Sandblad, Nils Gösta. Manet: Three Studies in Artistic Conception. Lund, 1954: 28-31, repro.
1954Epstein, Lewis. "What is Great Art?" Gazette des Beaux-Arts VI period, XLIII (May-June 1954): 294-296.
1955Vaudoyer, Jean-Louis. E. Manet. Paris, 1955: no. 11, repro.
1955Bataille, Georges. Manet. Translated by Austryn Wainhouse and James Emmons. Lausanne, 1955: 38-41.
1956Fosca, François. La peinture française au XIXe siècle. Paris, 1956: 109, repro.
1957Taubes, Frederic. "Francophobia." American Artisit 21, no. 2 (February 1957): 18, repro.
1957Shapley, Fern Rusk. Comparisons in Art: A Companion to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. London, 1957 (reprinted 1959): pl. 110.
1957Pars, H. H. Pictures in Peril. Translated by Kathrine Talbot. Oxford, 1957: 8.
1958Richardson, John. Edouard Manet: paintings and drawings. London, 1958: no. 7, repro.
1959Hemmings, F.W.J. and Niess, Roberts, eds. Emile Zola: Salons. Geneva, 1959: 95.
1960The National Gallery of Art and Its Collections. Foreword by Perry B. Cott and notes by Otto Stelzer. National Gallery of Art, Washington (undated, 1960s): 23, repro.
1963Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 254, repro.
1963MacNeil, Neil. "Chester Dale: Collector." McCalls (November 1963):213.
1964De Leiris, Alain. "Manet, Guéroult and Chrysippos." The Art Bulletin XLVI (September 1964): 401-404, repro.
1965Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 82
1965Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Paintings & Sculpture of the French School in the Chester Dale Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 70, repro.
1966Feller, Glorionna Colton. A Study of the Sources for Manet's "The Old Musician." Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, New York, 1966.
1966Hanson, Anne Coffin. Edouard Manet 1832-1883. Exh. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1966:43-45, repro.
1966Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:422, color repro.
1967Bowness, Alan. "Manet and Mallarmé." Bulletin of the Philadelphia Museum of Art LXII, no. 193 (April-June 1967): 221, repro.
1968European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 71, repro.
1968Hanson, Anne Coffin. "Manet's Subject Matter and a Source of Popular Imagery." Museum Studies 3 (1968):70-72, repro.
1968Bodelsen, Merete. "Early Impressionist Sales 1874-94 in the light of some unpublished 'procès-verbaux'." The Burlington Magazine 110 (June 1968): 341.
1968Liebmann, Kurt. Edouard Manet. Dresden, 1968: 8, 29, 46-47, repro. fig. 5.
1969Fried, Michael. "Manet's Sources, Aspects of his Art, 1859-1865." Artforum 7 (March 1969): 28-82.
1969La Coste-Messelière, M.-G. de. "Un jeune prince amateur d'impressionnistes et chauffeur." L'Oeil 179 (November 1969): repro. 19.
1969Reff. Theodore. "'Manet's Sources': A Critical Evaluation." Artforum 8 (September 1969):40-48.
1969Walker, John. Self Portrait with Donors. Boston & Toronto, 1969: 168.
1969Farwell, Beatrice. "Manet's Espada and Marcantonio." Metropolitan Museum of Art Journal 2 (1969): 206.
1970Hanson, Anne Coffin. "Edouard Manet, 'Les Citanos,' and the Cut Canvas."The Burlington Magazine 112 (March 1970): 158-167.
1970Orienti, Sandra and Denis Rouart. Edouard Manet. Paris, 1970: no. 44, repro.
1970Reff, Theodore. "Manet and Blanc's 'Histoire de Peintures'." The Burlington Magazine 112, no. 808 (July 1970): 456-457.
1971Gállego, Julian. "Goya en el arte moderno." Goya (January-February 1971): 256.
1972Hanson, Anne Coffin. "Popular Imagery and the Work of Edouard Manet" in French Nineteenth Century Paintings and Literature, Ulrich Finke, ed. New York, 1972:133-163, repro.
1972Bazin, Germain. Edouard Manet. Milan, 1972: 19-21, 88-89.
1974Rewald, John. "Jours sombres de l'impressionnisme." L'Oeil no. 223 (February 1974): 17, repro.
1975Rouart, Denis and Daniel Wildenstein. Edouard Manet, catalogue raisonné 2 vols. Lausanne and Paris, 1975:I:4, 62-63; II: 120-121.
1975European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 212, repro.
1975Collins, Bradford R. "Manet's 'Rue Mosnier Decked with Flags' and the Flâneur Concept." The Burlington Magazine 117, no. 872 (November 1975): 713.
1975Georgel, Pierre. "Les Transformations de la peinture vers 1848, 1855, 1863." Revue de l'Art 27 (1975): 64-65, repro.
1975Mauner, George. Manet: Peintre-Philosophe; A Study of the Painter's Themes. University Park, PA, and London, 1975:2, 18, 46-79, 88, 94, 148. 159, 170, 202.
1976Richardson, John. Manet. Oxford, 1976:6, plate.4.
1977Johnson, Ronald. "Picasso's Parisian Family and the 'Saltimbanques'." Arts Magazine 51, no. 5 (January 1977): 90-95, repro.
1977Hanson, Anne Coffin. Manet and the Modern Tradition. New Haven and London, 1977:36,55-57,61-67,114,120,134,169,198,202, repro.11
1978King, Marian. Adventures in Art: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1978: 84, pl. 50.
1978Brown, Marilyn R. "Manet's Old Musician: Portrait of a Gypsy and Naturalist Allegory." Studies in the History of Art 8 (1978): 77-87, repro.
1979Watson, Ross. The National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1979: 111, pl. 97.
1980Reff, Theodore. "Courbet and Manet." Arts Magazine 54, no. 7 (March 1980): 99, repro.
1980Carmean, E.A., Jr. Picasso: The Saltimbanques. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980:22, repro.
1980Kelder, Diane. The Great Book of French Impressionism. New York, 1980: 70, 436, repro. 89
1981Farwell, Beatrice. "Manet and the Nude: A Study in Iconography in the Second Empire." Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 1973. New York, 1981: 21, 85, 91, 94-96, 160, 186, 191, 301, 382.
1981Dufwa, Jacques. Winds from the East : a study in the art of Manet, Degas, Monet and Whistler, 1856-86. Stockholm, 1981: 53-54, repro.
1982Ross, Novelene. Manet's 'Bar at the Folies-Bergère' and the Myths of Popular Illustration. Ann Arbor, 1982:30, 91
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 446, no. 646, color repro.
1985Athill, Philip. "The International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers." Burlington Magazine 127, no. 982 (January 1985): 25
1985European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 245, repro.
1988Reff, Theodore. "Manet and the Paris of his Time." InKunst um 1800 und die Folgen: Werner Hoffmann zu Ehren Christian Beutler, Peter-Klaus Schuster und Martin Warnke, eds. Munich, 1988: 248+
1991Wilson-Bareau, Juliet, ed. Manet by Himself: Paintings, Pastels, Prints & Drawings. London, 1991:no. 51.
1991Darragon, Eric. Manet. Paris, 1991:82-86, repro.
1991Coman, Florence E. Joie de vivre: French Paintings from the National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1991:9, repro.
1991Champa, Kermit Swiler. The Rise of Landscape Painting in France: Corot to Monet. Exh. cat. The Currier Gallery of Art, Manchester, 1991: 50, repro.
1991Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 239,247, color repro.
1992Stevenson, Lesley. Manet. New York, 1992:42, repro.
1992National Gallery of Art, Washington. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 185, repro.
1992Carr-Gomm, Sarah. Manet. London, 1992: 50.
1993Perutz, Vivien. Edouard Manet. London and Toronto, 1993: repro. plate 6.
1993Frascina, Francis et. al. Modernity and Modernism: French Painting in the Nineteenth Century. New haven and London, 1993:82, repro.
1994Kuhn-Wengenmayr, Annemarie. " Die Metrisierung in einigen Figurenblldern Eduard Manets un deren künstlerische Herkunft." In Festschrift Lorenz Dittmann.Hans-Caspar Graf von Bothmer, Klaus Güthlein, and Rudolf Kuhn, eds Frankfurt am Main and New York, 1994: 115-130.
1994Asséo, Henriette. Les Tsiganes Une Destinée Européenne. Paris, 1994: 64, repro.
1994Rubin, James H. Manet's Silence and the Poetics of Bouquets. Cambridge, 1994:39, repro.
1995Smith, Paul. Impressionism Beneath the Surface. New York, 1995: 44-45, repro.
1996Körner, Hans. Edouard Manet: Dandy, Flaneur, Maler. Munich, 1996: 54-55, 227, color fig. 41.
1997Kelder, Diane. The Great Book of French Impressionism, 1997, no. 76, repro.
1998Eisen, Arnold M. Rethinking Modern Judaism. Chicago and London, 1998: 167, repro.
1999Townsend, Richard P. "La Petite Bergère: William Bouguereau und der "goût espanol" im Frankreich des 19. Jahrhunderts." Belvedere Heft 2/99 (1999): 44, repro.
2000Fried, Michael. Le modernisme de Manet. Paris, 2000: repro. 39.
2001Southgate, M. Therese. Journal of the American Medical Association 285, no. 2 (10 January 2001): 137, cover repro,
2001Brooke, Xanthe. "Seville and Beyond: The Taste for Murillo's Genre Painting Across Europe." In Murillo Scenes of Childhood. Exh. cat. Dulwich Picture Gallery and Alte Pinacothek, Munich, 2001:72, repro.
2004Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 363-364, no. 298, color repro.
2008Picasso et les maitres. Exh. cat. Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Musée du Louvre, and Musée d'Orsay, Paris, 2008: 345.
2009Jones, Kimberly, and Ann Hoenigswald. "Shedding New Light on The Old Musician." Bulletin / National Gallery of Art, no. 41 (Fall 2009): 2-6, 8-13, figs. 1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11.
2014Fried, Michael Another Light: Jacques-Louis David to Thomas Demand. New Haven, 2014: 3, 21, 22, 25, color fig. 10.
2015Kim, Liza. "Manet and the Logic of Practice." Art History 38, no. 1 (February 2015): 216, 217, color fig. 1.

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