National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of The Old Musician Edouard Manet (artist)
French, 1832 - 1883
The Old Musician, 1862
oil on canvas
overall: 187.4 x 248.2 cm (73 3/4 x 97 11/16 in.) framed: 238.76 x 297.82 cm (94 x 117 1/4 in.) framed weight: 275 lb.
Chester Dale Collection
1963.10.162
On View
From the Tour: Manet and His Influence
Object 1 of 8

1884Gonse, Louis. "Manet." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 2e period (February 1884): 138, 140.
1884Bazire, Edmond. Manet. Paris, 1884:15-17, 128.
1902Duret, Théodore. Histoire d'Edouard Manet et de son oeuvre.Paris, 1902:203, no. 40, repro.
1904Mayclair, Camille.L'Impressionisme, son histoire, son esthétique, ses maîtres. Paris, 1904: repro. opposite 16.
1909Sainte-Croix, Camille de. Edouard Manet, Portraits d'Hier. Paris, 1909 [reprinted in T. A. Gronberg, "Manet: A Retrospective," as "A Collegian and Manet," New York, 1990, 137].
1910Duret, Théodore. Manet and the French Impressionists. Translated by J.E. Crawford Flitch. London and Philadelphia, 1910: 37, 216, no. 40.
1912"L'Exposition centennale de peinture française à Saint-Petersboug." Les arts XI (September 1912): 31.
1912Meier-Graefe, Julius. Edouard Manet. Munich, 1912: 54, 316, repro.
1919Duret, Théodore. Histoire de Edouard Manet et de son oeuvre. Paris, 1919: 23, 240.
1924Severini, Gino. Manet. Rome, 1924: repro. 3.
1925Rosenthal, Leon. "Manet et l'Espagne." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 5e period, XII (September - October 1925): 208, 211.
1925Blanche, Jacques-Emile. Manet. New York, 1925:31.
1926Moreau-Nélaton, Etienne. Manet, raconté par lui-même. 2 vols. Paris, 1926: I 39, 43, 47, 134; II: 120.
1928Meier-Graefe, Julius. "Edouard Manet zur Ausstellung in der Galerie Matthiesen." Der Cicerone XX (1928): 85, repro.
1929Apollo 9 (June 1929): 360, repro.
1930"A Manet Masterpiece of America." Vanity Fair (September 1930): 53, repro.
1930Wehle, Harry B. Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (October 1930): 225-226.
1930Taylor, Francis Henry. "Salade de Legumes or Vegetable Plate?" Parnassus 2, no. VII (November 1930): 3, repro.
1931Tabarant, Adolphe. Manet: histoire catalographique. Paris, 1931: 46-47, 70, no. 43.
1931McBride, Henry. "The Chester Dale Collection at New York." Formes 14 (April 1931): 57, repro.
1932Colin, Paul. Edouard Manet. Paris, 1932: 22.
1932Jamot, Paul, and Georges Wildenstein. Manet. 2 vols. Paris, 1932: 1: 25, 63, 76, 89, 119-120, no. 44.
1932Huyghe, Rene. "Manet, peintre." L'Amour de l'Art 13, no. 5 (May 1932): 171, 175.
1932Bazin, Germaine. "Manet et la tradition." L'Amour de l'Art 13, no. 5 (May 1932): 155.
1933Lambert, Elie. "Manet et l'Espagne." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 9 (June 1933) 373-374.
1938Pemberton, Murdock. "Ambassador to Art." Esquire (February 1938): repro.
1938Rey, Robert. Manet. New York and Paris, 1938: 11, repro.
1939Venturi, Lionello. Les archives de l'impressionnisme. 2 vols. Paris and New York, 1939: II: 214.
1941"Dale's Dilemma." Time (8 December 1941)
1941"Chester Dale Collection: Masterpieces of 19th Century Painting Shown in Washington." Pictures on Exhibit 5, no. 3 (December 1941): 10-11, repro.
1941Catalogue of French Paintings from the Chester Dale Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 9, repro. pl. XVI
1941McBride, Henry. "French Art at Washington." The New York Sun. (21 November 1941): 36, repro.
1941"The Chester Dale Pictures on loan to the National Gallery of Art."Magazine of Art 34 no. 9 (November 1941): 476+, repro.
1941Frankfurter, Alfred M. "Now the Great French 19th Century in the National Gallery." Art News 40, no. 17 (December 15-31, 1941):repro. p. 19
1941"Chester Dale Loans to the National Gallery." Art Digest 16 (15 November 1941): 9.
1942French Paintings from the Chester Dale Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 32, repro.
1942Dale, Chester. "The Golden Century of French Art." The New York Times Magazine 17 May 1942: 21, repro.
1942Sater, Katherine. "Great Paintings Shown At National Gallery." The Columbus (Ohio) Citizen (13 December 1941): 4.
1942Tabarant, Adolphe. La vie artistique au temps de Baudelaire. Paris,1942: 367, 488.
1944Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Masterpieces of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1944: 160, color repro.
1944Jewell, Edward Alden. French Impressionists and their Contemporaries Represented in American Collections. New York, 1944: repro. 60.
1944French Paintings from the Chester Dale Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1944: 32, repro.
1947Tabarant, Adolphe. Manet et ses oeuvres. Paris, 1947: 46-48, 136-137, 491.
1947Florisoone, Michel. Manet. Monaco, 1947: 15, repro.
1948Walker, John. "Edouard Manet." Ladies Home Journal (September 1948)
1948Bex, Maurice. Manet. Columbia series New York, 1948: repro pl. 14.
1952"Chester Dale's Collection." Pictures on Exhibit Vol XV, no 3 (December 1952): 10, repro.
1952McBride. Henry. "Chesterdale's Way." Art News 51, no. 9 (December 1952):53, repro.
1953French Paintings from the Chester Dale Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1953: 42, repro.
1954Hamilton, George Heard. Manet and His Critics. New Haven, 1954: 38, 105, 271, 276, 278.
1954Sandblad, Nils Gösta. Manet: Three Studies in Artistic Conception. Lund, 1954: 28-31, repro.
1954Epstein, Lewis. "What is Great Art?" Gazette des Beaux-Arts VI period, XLIII (May-June 1954): 294-296.
1955Bataille, Georges. Manet. Translated by Austryn Wainhouse and James Emmons. Lausanne, 1955: 38-41.
1955Vaudoyer, Jean-Louis. E. Manet. Paris, 1955: no. 11, repro.
1956Fosca, François. La peinture française au XIXe siècle. Paris, 1956: 109, repro.
1957Taubes, Frederic. "Francophobia." American Artisit 21, no. 2 (February 1957): 18, repro.
1957Pars, H. H. Pictures in Peril. Translated by Kathrine Talbot. Oxford, 1957: 8.
1957Shapley, Fern Rusk. Comparisons in Art: A Companion to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. London, 1957 (reprinted 1959): pl. 110.
1958Richardson, John. Edouard Manet: paintings and drawings. London, 1958: no. 7, repro.
1959Hemmings, F.W.J. and Niess, Roberts, eds. Emile Zola: Salons. Geneva, 1959: 95.
1960The National Gallery of Art and Its Collections. Foreword by Perry B. Cott and notes by Otto Stelzer. National Gallery of Art, Washington (undated, 1960s): 23, repro.
1963MacNeil, Neil. "Chester Dale: Collector." McCalls (November 1963):213.
1963Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 254, repro.
1964De Leiris, Alain. "Manet, Guéroult and Chrysippos." The Art Bulletin XLVI (September 1964): 401-404, repro.
1965Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Paintings & Sculpture of the French School in the Chester Dale Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 70, repro.
1965Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 82
1966Hanson, Anne Coffin. Edouard Manet 1832-1883. Exh. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1966:43-45, repro.
1966Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:422, color repro.
1966Feller, Glorionna Colton. A Study of the Sources for Manet's "The Old Musician." Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, New York, 1966.
1967Bowness, Alan. "Manet and Mallarmé." Bulletin of the Philadelphia Museum of Art LXII, no. 193 (April-June 1967): 221, repro.
1968Bodelsen, Merete. "Early Impressionist Sales 1874-94 in the light of some unpublished 'procès-verbaux'." The Burlington Magazine 110 (June 1968): 341.
1968European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 71, repro.
1968Hanson, Anne Coffin. "Manet's Subject Matter and a Source of Popular Imagery." Museum Studies 3 (1968):70-72, repro.
1968Liebmann, Kurt. Edouard Manet. Dresden, 1968: 8, 29, 46-47, repro. fig. 5.
1969Reff. Theodore. "'Manet's Sources': A Critical Evaluation." Artforum 8 (September 1969):40-48.
1969Fried, Michael. "Manet's Sources, Aspects of his Art, 1859-1865." Artforum 7 (March 1969): 28-82.
1969Walker, John. Self Portrait with Donors. Boston & Toronto, 1969: 168.
1969Farwell, Beatrice. "Manet's Espada and Marcantonio." Metropolitan Museum of Art Journal 2 (1969): 206.
1969La Coste-Messelière, M.-G. de. "Un jeune prince amateur d'impressionnistes et chauffeur." L'Oeil 179 (November 1969): repro. 19.
1970Orienti, Sandra and Denis Rouart. Edouard Manet. Paris, 1970: no. 44, repro.
1970Hanson, Anne Coffin. "Edouard Manet, 'Les Citanos,' and the Cut Canvas."The Burlington Magazine 112 (March 1970): 158-167.
1970Reff, Theodore. "Manet and Blanc's 'Histoire de Peintures'." The Burlington Magazine 112, no. 808 (July 1970): 456-457.
1971Gállego, Julian. "Goya en el arte moderno." Goya (January-February 1971): 256.
1972Hanson, Anne Coffin. "Popular Imagery and the Work of Edouard Manet" in French Nineteenth Century Paintings and Literature, Ulrich Finke, ed. New York, 1972:133-163, repro.
1972Bazin, Germain. Edouard Manet. Milan, 1972: 19-21, 88-89.
1974Rewald, John. "Jours sombres de l'impressionnisme." L'Oeil no. 223 (February 1974): 17, repro.
1975Georgel, Pierre. "Les Transformations de la peinture vers 1848, 1855, 1863." Revue de l'Art 27 (1975): 64-65, repro.
1975Rouart, Denis and Daniel Wildenstein. Edouard Manet, catalogue raisonné 2 vols. Lausanne and Paris, 1975:I:4, 62-63; II: 120-121.
1975Mauner, George. Manet: Peintre-Philosophe; A Study of the Painter's Themes. University Park, PA, and London, 1975:2, 18, 46-79, 88, 94, 148. 159, 170, 202.
1975Collins, Bradford R. "Manet's 'Rue Mosnier Decked with Flags' and the Flâneur Concept." The Burlington Magazine 117, no. 872 (November 1975): 713.
1975European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 212, repro.
1976Richardson, John. Manet. Oxford, 1976:6, plate.4.
1977Hanson, Anne Coffin. Manet and the Modern Tradition. New Haven and London, 1977:36,55-57,61-67,114,120,134,169,198,202, repro.11
1977Johnson, Ronald. "Picasso's Parisian Family and the 'Saltimbanques'." Arts Magazine 51, no. 5 (January 1977): 90-95, repro.
1978King, Marian. Adventures in Art: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1978: 84, pl. 50.
1978Brown, Marilyn R. "Manet's Old Musician: Portrait of a Gypsy and Naturalist Allegory." Studies in the History of Art 8 (1978): 77-87, repro.
1979Watson, Ross. The National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1979: 111, pl. 97.
1980Reff, Theodore. "Courbet and Manet." Arts Magazine 54, no. 7 (March 1980): 99, repro.
1980Kelder, Diane. The Great Book of French Impressionism. New York, 1980: 70, 436, repro. 89
1980Carmean, E.A., Jr. Picasso: The Saltimbanques. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980:22, repro.
1981Farwell, Beatrice. "Manet and the Nude: A Study in Iconography in the Second Empire." Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 1973. New York, 1981: 21, 85, 91, 94-96, 160, 186, 191, 301, 382.
1981Dufwa, Jacques. Winds from the East : a study in the art of Manet, Degas, Monet and Whistler, 1856-86. Stockholm, 1981: 53-54, repro.
1982Ross, Novelene. Manet's 'Bar at the Folies-Bergère' and the Myths of Popular Illustration. Ann Arbor, 1982:30, 91
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 446, no. 646, color repro.
1985European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 245, repro.
1985Athill, Philip. "The International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers." Burlington Magazine 127, no. 982 (January 1985): 25
1988Reff, Theodore. "Manet and the Paris of his Time." InKunst um 1800 und die Folgen: Werner Hoffmann zu Ehren Christian Beutler, Peter-Klaus Schuster und Martin Warnke, eds. Munich, 1988: 248+
1991Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 239,247, color repro.
1991Champa, Kermit Swiler. The Rise of Landscape Painting in France: Corot to Monet. Exh. cat. The Currier Gallery of Art, Manchester, 1991: 50, repro.
1991Wilson-Bareau, Juliet, ed. Manet by Himself: Paintings, Pastels, Prints & Drawings. London, 1991:no. 51.
1991Darragon, Eric. Manet. Paris, 1991:82-86, repro.
1991Coman, Florence E. Joie de vivre: French Paintings from the National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1991:9, repro.
1992Carr-Gomm, Sarah. Manet. London, 1992: 50.
1992Stevenson, Lesley. Manet. New York, 1992:42, repro.
1992National Gallery of Art, Washington. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 185, repro.
1993Frascina, Francis et. al. Modernity and Modernism: French Painting in the Nineteenth Century. New haven and London, 1993:82, repro.
1993Perutz, Vivien. Edouard Manet. London and Toronto, 1993: repro. plate 6.
1994Rubin, James H. Manet's Silence and the Poetics of Bouquets. Cambridge, 1994:39, repro.
1994Asséo, Henriette. Les Tsiganes Une Destinée Européenne. Paris, 1994: 64, repro.
1994Kuhn-Wengenmayr, Annemarie. " Die Metrisierung in einigen Figurenblldern Eduard Manets un deren künstlerische Herkunft." In Festschrift Lorenz Dittmann.Hans-Caspar Graf von Bothmer, Klaus Güthlein, and Rudolf Kuhn, eds Frankfurt am Main and New York, 1994: 115-130.
1995Smith, Paul. Impressionism Beneath the Surface. New York, 1995: 44-45, repro.
1996Körner, Hans. Edouard Manet: Dandy, Flaneur, Maler. Munich, 1996: 54-55, 227, color fig. 41.
1997Kelder, Diane. The Great Book of French Impressionism, 1997, no. 76, repro.
1998Eisen, Arnold M. Rethinking Modern Judaism. Chicago and London, 1998: 167, repro.
1999Townsend, Richard P. "La Petite Bergère: William Bouguereau und der "goût espanol" im Frankreich des 19. Jahrhunderts." Belvedere Heft 2/99 (1999): 44, repro.
2000Fried, Michael. Le modernisme de Manet. Paris, 2000: repro. 39.
2001Southgate, M. Therese. Journal of the American Medical Association 285, no. 2 (10 January 2001): 137, cover repro,
2001Brooke, Xanthe. "Seville and Beyond: The Taste for Murillo's Genre Painting Across Europe." In Murillo Scenes of Childhood. Exh. cat. Dulwich Picture Gallery and Alte Pinacothek, Munich, 2001:72, repro.
2004Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 363-364, no. 298, color repro.
2008Picasso et les maitres. Exh. cat. Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Musée du Louvre, and Musée d'Orsay, Paris, 2008: 345.
2009Jones, Kimberly, and Ann Hoenigswald. "Shedding New Light on The Old Musician." Bulletin / National Gallery of Art, no. 41 (Fall 2009): 2-6, 8-13, figs. 1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11.
2015Kim, Liza. "Manet and the Logic of Practice." Art History 38, no. 1 (February 2015): 216, 217, color fig. 1.

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