National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of Alexander the Great Workshop of Andrea del Verrocchio
Florentine 15th Century (sculptor)
Andrea del Verrocchio (related artist)
Florentine, 1435 - 1488
Alexander the Great, c. 1483/1485
marble
overall: 55.9 x 36.7 cm (22 x 14 7/16 in.) framed: 88.9 x 71.8 x 8.6 cm (35 x 28 1/4 x 3 3/8 in.)
Gift of Therese K. Straus
1956.2.1
On View
From the Tour: Florentine Sculpture of the 15th Century
Object 6 of 8

1892Bode, Wilhelm von. Denkmäler der Renaissance-Sculptur in Italien. 17 vols. Munich, 1892-1904: 12:pl. 147.
1907Dussler, Luitpold. “Verrocchio, Andrea del.” In Thieme-Becker. 37 vols. Leipzig, 1907-1950: 34(1939):292-298, esp. 294 and 296.
1921MacLagan, Eric. "A Stucco After Verrocchio." Burlington Magazine 39, n. 222 (September 1921): 131.
1930Möller, Emil. “Leonardo e il Verrocchio. Quattro rilievi di capitani antichi lavorati per Re Mattia Corvino.” Raccolta vinciana XIV (1930/34): 3-38, esp. 26-33; repro.
1932"Dr Emil Möller; 'Beitrage zu Leonardo da Vinci als Plastiker und sein Verhältnis zu Verrocchio'." Mitteilungen des Kunsthistorischen Institutes in Florenz vol. 4, no. 2/3 (January-July 1933): 138-139.
1932Wilder, Elizabeth. "The Unfinished Monument by Andrea del Verrocchio to the Cardinal Niccolò Forteguerri at Pistoia." Studies in the history and criticism of sculpture 7. Northampton, MA, 1932: 71.
1933Planiscig, Leo. “Andrea del Verrocchios Alexander Relief.” Jahrbuch der Kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wien, n.s. VII (1933): 89-96, esp. 94-95, repro. plate VI.
1934Ricci, Seymour de. “Une sculpture inconnue de Verrocchio.” Gazette des Beaux-Arts s. 6, XI (1934): 244-245, repro.
1934Soulier, Gustave. “Une sculpture inconnue de Verrocchio.” Gazette des Beaux-Arts s. 6, XI (1934): 384.
1935"Leonardo e il Verrocchio. By E. Möller." Burlington Magazine vol. 67 n. 391 (October 1935): 186.
1936Grotemeyer, Paul. “Andrea del Verrocchio.” Pantheon 17 (1936): 108-115, esp. 110, 113, repro.
1938Valentiner, Wilhelm R. “Sculpture of the Early Renaissance Shown at Detroit.” Art News 36 (15 January 1938): 14-15, repro.
1938Middeldorf, Ulrich. “Die Ausstellung italienischer Renaissanceskulptur in Detroit.” Pantheon 22 (October 1938): 315-318. (Reprinted in Raccolta di scritti: that is, Collected Writings. 3 vols. Florence, 1979-1981: 1:335-339).
1938Art Digest 12 (15 January 1938): 5, repro.
1939Sherman, Frederic Fairchild. “Verrocchio’s Profile of Alexander the Great [sonnet].” Art in America 27, n. 2 (April 1939): 76-77, repro.
1939"Verrocchio, Andrea del." In Masterpieces of Art. New York World's Fair (May-October 1939): 214, cat. 431.
1941Valentiner, Wilhelm R. “On Leonardo’s Relation to Verrocchio.” Art Quarterly IV (1941): 2-31, repro. [Republished with change in Valentiner, Wilhelm R. Studies of Italian Renaissance Sculpture. London, 1950: 113-133, repro.]
1941Planiscig, Leo. Andrea del Verrocchio. Vienna, 1941: esp. 26-28, 51-52, n. 37, repro. fig. 37.
1950Popham, A. E., and Pouncey, Philip. Italian Drawings in the Department of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum. The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries. London, 1950: 57-58.
1957De la Coste-Messelière, M. G. “Les medaillons historiques de Gaillon au Musée du Louvre et à l’École des Beaux-Arts.” Revue des Arts 7 (1957): 65-70, esp. 68-69, repro.
1958Pope-Hennessy, John. Italian Renaissance Sculpture. London, 1958: 38, 311.
1961Seligman, Germain. Merchants of Art: 1880-1960, Eighty Years of Professional Collecting. New York, 1961: repro. pl. 59.
1962Vasari, Giorgio. Le vite de’ piu eccellenti pittori scultori e architettori. 9 vols. Milan, 1962-1966: 3 (1963): 225, n. 3.
1963Stites, Raymond S. "Leonardo Sculture e il busto di Giuliano de' Medici del Verrocchio, 1." Critica d'Arte anno X, no. 56: 5, fig. 5.
1963Meller, Peter. “Physiognomical Theory in Renaissance Heroic Portraits.” In Millard Meiss and Richard Krautheimer, eds. Studies in Western Art. Acts of the Twentieth International Congress of the History of Art. 3 vols., Princeton, 1963; 2: 53-69, esp. 62 n. 29.
1963Lenkey, Susan V. An unknown Leonardo self-portrait: revision of the authorship of the Alexander the Great Relief in the National Gallery of Art. Stanford, 1963: 4-23, fig. 1.
1964Pope-Hennessy, John, assisted by Ronald Lightbown. Catalogue of Italian Sculpture in the Victoria and Albert Museum. 3 vols, London, 1964:I:175-176.
1965Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 173, as by Verrocchio.
1966Busignani, Alberto. Verrocchio. Florence, 1966: 27.
1966Balogh, Jolán. A müvészet Mátyás király udvarában. 2 vols. Budapest, 1966: I: 514 ff.
1966Covi, Dario. “Four new documents concerning Andrea del Verrocchio.” The Art Bulletin 48, n. 1 (March 1966): 97-103, esp. 100.
1967Bertini, Aldo. “Verrocchio.” Encyclopedia of World Art. 17 vols. New York, 1959- :14 (1967): 760-1.
1968European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 153, repro., as by Verrocchio.
1969Passavant, Günter. Verrocchio. Sculptures, Paintings and Drawings. Complete Edition. Translated from the German MS by Katherine Watson. London, 1969: 42-44, 199-201; repro. figs. 48 and 50.
1969Pope-Hennessy, John. "The 'aemulus" of Donatello." Times Literary Supplement (13 November 1969).
1970Stites, Raymond S. The sublimations of Leonardo da Vinci, with a translation of the Codex Trivulzianus. Washington, D.C., 1970: 18, repro. 6.
1970Arnoldi, Francesco Negri. "Scultura Italiana al Victoria and Albert Museum II." Commentari XXI (July-September 1970): 212.
1971Cannon-Brookes, Peter. "Review of Charles Avery, Florentine Renaissance Sculpture, 1970." Apollo 94 (November 1971): 420.
1971Seymour, Charles. The Sculpture of Verrocchio. Greenwich, CT, 1971: 127, [157], fig. 171, 170-171, n. 25.
1972Covi, Dario. "Review of G. Passavant, Verrocchio, translated by. Katherine Watson, 1969." Art Bulletin 54, no. 1 (March 1972): 91.
1973Hall, Michael. "Reconsiderations of Sculpture by Leonardo da Vinci. A Bronze Statuette in the J. B. Speed Art Museum." J. B. Speed Art Museum Bulletin 29 (November, 1973): 42-43, n. 12; repro.
1975Passavant, Günter. "The sculpture of Verrocchio. By Charles Seymour." Burlington Magazine CXVII (January 1975): 55-56.
1975Vayer, Lajos. “Alexandros és Corvinus….” Müvészettörténeti Értesítö XXIV (1975): 25-36.
1976Vayer, Lajos. “Il Vasari e l’arte del Rinascimento in Ungheria”. In Il Vasari, storiografo e artista. Atti del congress internazionale nel IV centenario della morte, Arezzo Firenze, 2-8 settembre 1974. Florence, 1976: 501-524, esp. 511-513, repro.
1978Chastel, André. "Les capitaines antiques affrontés dans l’art florentin du XVe siècle." In Fables, Forms, Figures. 2 vols. Paris, 1978: 1: 237-47, esp. 239.
1982Balogh, Jolán and Manfred Leithe-Jasper in Gottfried Stangler et. al., eds. Matthias Corvinus und die Renaissance in Ungarn 1458-1541. Exh. cat. Niederösterreichisches Landesmuseum, Schloss Schallaburg Vienna, 1982: 314-317, n. 264.
1984Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 630, no. 980, repro.
1986Pope-Hennessey, John. An Introduction to Italian Sculpture. London, 1986: 32, 293-294.
1988Rosand, David. The Meaning of the Mark. Leonardo and Titian. Lawrence, Kansas, 1988: 20, 45 n. 21, repro. fig. 22.
1988Poeschel, Sabine. “Alexander Magnus Maximus. Neue Aspekte zur Ikonographie Alexanders de Grossen im Quattrocento.” Römische Jahrbuch 23-24 (1988): 68-69, repro., 72.
1990Lodge, Nancy. “A Renaissance King in Hellenistic Disguise: Verrocchio’s Reliefs for King Matthias Corvinus.” In S. Matteo, C. Donatelli Noble, M. U. Sowell, eds. Italian Echoes in the Rocky Mountains. Papers from the 1988 Annual Conference of the American Association for Italian Studies Held in Provo, Utah. Provo, 1990: 23-46, esp. 23, 30, 31, repro.
1991Adorno, Piero. Il Verrocchio. Nuove proposte nella civiltà artistica del tempo di Lorenzo il Magnifico. Florence, 1991: 175-179, 295 n., repro.
1992Stapleford, Richard. The Age of Lorenzo de' Medici: Patronage and the Arts in Renaissance Florence. A Walking Tour of Italian Painting and Sculpture in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1992: 11, repro.
1992Sheard, Wendy Stedman. The Tomb of Doge Andrea Vendramin in Venice by Tullio Lombardo. Ph.D diss., Yale University, 1971. 2 vols. Ann Arbor, 1992: 205, 437 n. 34.
1994Popham, A. E. The Drawings of Leonardo da Vinci. Rev. ed. London, 1994: 40.
1994Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1994: 234, repro.
1995Luchs, Alison. Tullio Lombardo and Ideal Portrait Sculpture in Renaissance Venice, 1490-1530. Cambridge, England, and New York, 1995: 146, n. 103.
1996Passavant, Gunter. “Zum Stand der Verrocchio-Forschung.” In Herbert Beck, Maraike Bückling and Edgar Lein, eds. Die Christus-Thomas-Gruppe von Andrea del Verrocchio. Frankfurt am Main, 1996: 207-213 and 344-49, esp. 212-213 and 217 notes, repro.
1997Butterfield, Andrew. The Sculptures of Andrea del Verrocchio. New Haven and London, 1997: 153, 156-157, 230-232, no. 25, pl. 205.
1998Fenton, James. "Review of Andrew Butterfield, The Sculptures of Andrea del Verrocchio." New York Review of Books vol. 19, n. 2 (1998): not paginated.
1998Fenton, James. “Verrocchio: The New Cicerone.” In Fenton, Leonardo’s Nephew: essays on art and artist. New York, 1998: 50-67, esp. 55-56.
1998Brown, David Alan. Leonardo da Vinci. Origins of a Genius. New Haven and London, 1998: 68-73, notes 91-113, repro.
2003Vogel, Carol. "Another Trip for 'David'." The New York Times (July 18, 2003).
2003Gregori, Mina, ed. In the Light of Apollo: Italian Renaissance and Greece. Exh. cat. National Gallery and Alexandros Souzos Museum, Athens, 2003-2004: 192, fig. 10, as Profile of a warrior (Alexander the Great?) by Andrea del Verrocchio.
2003Windt, Francesca. Andrea del Verrocchio und Leonardo da Vinci: Zusammenarbeit in Skulptur und Malerei. Münster, 2003: 173-4, 181, 236-239, repro.
2004Weiss, Rick. “Alexander and the Rustle of Black Wings.” The Washington Post (July 19, 2004): A-6, repro.
2004Giusti, Annamaria et. al., eds. Masters of Florence: Glory & genius at the court of the Medici. Exh. cat. Memphis, 2004: 82.
2005Covi, Dario. Andrea del Verrocchio, Life and Work. Florence, 2005: 11, 138-143, figs. 126, 127.
2007Pisani, Linda. Francesco di Simone Ferrucci. Itinerari di uno scultore fiorentino fra Toscana, Romagna e Montefeltro. Florence, 2007: 40-42, repro.
2011Pócs, Dániel. “White marble sculptures from the Buda Castle: Reconsidering some facts about an antique statue and a fountain by Verrocchio.” In Italy & Hungary. Humanism and Art in the Early Renaissance. Proceedings of an international conference held at the Villa I Tatti, Florence, June 6-8, 2007. Farbaky, Péter and Louis A. Waldman, eds. Villa I Tatti, Florence and Milan, 2011: 553-608, esp. 563-564, 589.
2011Caglioti, Francesco. “Andrea del Verrocchio e i profili di condottieri antichi per Mattia Corvino." In Italy & Hungary. Humanism and Art in the Early Renaissance. Proceedings of an international conference held at the Villa I Tatti, Florence, June 6-8, 2007. Péter Farbaky and Louis A. Waldman, eds. Villa I Tatti, Florence and Milan, 2011: 505-551, esp. 508, 517, 536-539, 546-548, fig. 7, fig. 19, repro.
2011Caglioti, Francesco. “Da una costola di Desiderio: due marmi giovanili del Verrocchio." In Connors, Joseph, Alessandro Nova, Beatrice Paolozzi Strozzi and Gerhard Wolf, eds. Desiderio da Settignano. Venice, 2011: no. 17.

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Artist Information (Florentine 15th Century)
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