National Gallery of Art - THE COLLECTION
image of Farmhouse in Provence Vincent van Gogh (artist)
Dutch, 1853 - 1890
Farmhouse in Provence, 1888
oil on canvas
overall: 46.1 x 60.9 cm (18 1/8 x 24 in.) framed: 74.9 x 88.9 x 10.8 cm (29 1/2 x 35 x 4 1/4 in.)
Ailsa Mellon Bruce Collection
On View
From the Tour: Vincent van Gogh
Object 1 of 7


Mme Johanna van Gogh-Bonger [1862-1925], the artist's sister-in-law, Amsterdam; sold 20 November 1890 through (Julien Tanguy Gallery, Paris) to (Willy Gretor [Wilhelm Rudolph Julius Petersen, 1868-1923], Paris);[1] gift to Maria Slavona [1865-1931], Paris and Berlin; her husband Otto Ackermann [1871-1963], Paris and Berlin.[2] Gaston Bernheim de Villers [1870-1953], Paris, by 1919 until at least 1933; sold to Capt. Edward H. Molyneux [1891-1974], Paris;[3] sold 15 August 1955 to Ailsa Mellon Bruce [1901-1969], New York; bequest 1970 to NGA.

[1] Chris Stolwijk and Han Veenenbos, The account book of Theo van Gogh and Jo van Gogh-Bonger, Amsterdam and Leiden, 2002: 46, 140-141 note 11/5, 178.

[2] Regarding Willy Gretor's gifts of several van Goghs to the painter Maria Slovona, with whom he had a daughter Lilly, see Carmen Stonge, "Women and the Folkwang: Ida Gerhardi, Milly Steger, and Maria Slavona," Women's Art Journal 15, no. 1 (Spring/Summer 1994):7-8.

[3] The painting was published in 1919 in "Cent-soixante-treize planches d'après la collection privée de MM. J. & G. Gernheim-Jeune," L'Art Moderne et quelques aspects de l'art d'autrefois, vol. 1, 1919, pl. 65. Details about Gaston Bernheim de Villers' ownership and his sale of the painting to Molyneux are in a letter of 22 June 1977, from Jean Dauberville at Bernheim-Jeune & Cie. to David Rust, in NGA curatorial files. Although the painting was included in an exhibition at Reid and Lefevre in 1934, and a photograph album in their records includes the painting (with the names "M. Ackermann, Paris" and "Bernheim-Jeune, Paris" under provenance), it is not certain they actually owned it. More likely is the possibility that Molyneux purchased the painting from Bernheim de Villers out of the 1934 exhibition, with the sale handled by Bernheim-Jeune Gallery and/or Reid and Lefevre. (Martin Bailey has kindly shared his research on this part of the provenance; see his letter of 22 August 2003, in NGA curatorial files.) The sequence of ownership after Mme van Gogh-Bonger that is given by J.-B. de la Faille in The Works of Vincent van Gogh, His Paintings and Drawings, Amsterdam, 1970: no. F565, i.e., Bernheim-Jeune, Reid and Lefevre, Ackermann, Molyneux, is apparently in error.

[4] The purchase date is recorded in the Ailsa Mellon Bruce collection notebook, Gallery Archives, copy in NGA curatorial files.

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