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Provenance

The sitter [1798-1876]; his son, Strother Hawkins [1830-1905]; his daughter, Harriot Leavy Hawkins;[1] sold 22 March 1920 to Thomas B. Clarke [1848-1931], New York;[2] his estate; sold as part of the Clarke collection 29 January 1936, through (M. Knoedler & Co., New York), to The A. W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift 1942 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1922
Exhibition of Portraits by Early American Artists, The Union League Club, New York, March 1922, no. 8.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928-1931, unnumbered and unpaginated catalogue.
1943
American Paintings, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1943.
1948
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1948.
1951
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1951.
1953
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1953.
1955
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1955.
1956
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1956.
Bibliography
1902
Price, Samuel Woodson. The Old Masters of the Bluegrass--Jouett, Bush, Grimes, Frazer, Morgan, Hart. Louisville, 1902: no. 106, 56.
1928
Cuthbert, Lee. "The Thomas B. Clarke Collection of Early American Portraits." American Magazine of Art 19 (June 1928): 304, repro. 303.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke. Exh. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928, unnumbered.
1939
Martin, Mary Farmer. Catalog of All Known Paintings by Matthew Harris Jouett. Louisville, 1939: no. 189, 25.
1968
Floyd, William Barrow. Jouett-Bush-Frazer: Early Kentucky Artists. Lexington, 1968: 48, 54, repro. 55.
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 76, repro.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 186, repro.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 216, repro.
1996
Kelly, Franklin, with Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., Deborah Chotner, and John Davis. American Paintings of the Nineteenth Century, Part I. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1996: 385-387, repro.
Technical Summary

The painting was executed on a 1.6 cm-thick vertically-grained poplar panel. The front of the panel was primed with a smooth, thin, off-white layer and the back with a gray layer. Gray brushed under drawing is visible at the ear and on the ruffled shirt front both in natural light and with infrared reflectography. The paint was applied using tight and smoothly blended brushstrokes, with low impasto only evident in the white ruffles and the forehead. X-radiography reveals that the sitter's left shoulder line was lowered 1.5 cm, that he once wore a semicircular hat, and possibly had a mustache. Inpainting is confined to a small circular area to the right of the sitter's left eye. The varnish has yellowed.