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Provenance

The sitter's great-grandson, Thomas Duncan Smith [1812-1880], Philadelphia;[1] his widow, Mrs. Thomas Duncan Smith, Philadelphia;[2] their son, William Rudolph Smith [d. 1922], Philadelphia;[3] sold by the trustees of his estate on 30 January 1923 to Thomas B. Clarke [1848-1931], New York;[4] his estate; sold as part of the Clarke collection on 29 January 1936, through (M. Knoedler & Co., New York), to The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift 1942 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1887
Loan Exhibition of Historical Portraits, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 1887-1888, no. 10
1924
Exhibition of the Earliest Known Portraits of Americans by Painters of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, The Union League Club, New York, March 1924, no. 17, as Joseph Anthony.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928-1931, unnumbered and unpaginated catalogue, as Joseph Anthony.
1943
American Paintings, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1943.
1944
Gilbert Stuart: Portraits Lent by the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, 1944-1945, no. 15
1948
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1948.
1949
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1949.
1951
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1951.
1955
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1955.
1985
Extended loan for use by Ambassador Stuart, U.S. Embassy residence, Oslo, Norway, 1985-1989.
1991
Extended loan for use by Justice David Souter, The Supreme Court of the United States, Washington, D.C., 1991-2009.
Bibliography
1880
MFA 1880, 29, no. 20
1906
Masters in Art, A Series of Illustrated Monographs: Stuart. 7 (January 1906): 38-39, pl. 6.
1914
Fielding, Mantle. "Paintings by Gilbert Stuart Not Mentioned in Mason's Life of Stuart." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 38 no. 3 (1914): 315.
1924
Cortissoz, Royal. "The Field of Art." Scribner's Magazine 76 (July 1924): 110
1926
Park 1926, 105-106, no. 23, repro.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke. Exh. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928, unnumbered.
1929
Gillingham, Harrold E. "Old Business Cards of Philadelphia." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 53 no. 211 (July 1929): 209
1964
Mount 1964, 168, 183, 191, 348, 363-364
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 102, repro.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 227, repro.
1986
McLanathan 1986, repro. 79.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 347, repro.
1995
Miles, Ellen G. American Paintings of the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 199-201, color repro. 199.
2004
Barratt, Carrie Rebora, and Ellen G. Miles. Gilbert Stuart. Exh. cat. The Metropolitan Mus. of Art, New York; National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (for the Natl. Port. Gal.). New York, New Haven, and London, 2004: 13, 26, 129-130, 312, fig. 76.