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Provenance

The sitter's daughter, Mary Sidney Ashe Gadsden [Mrs. Christopher Gadsden, c. 1792-1855], Edisto River and Charleston, South Carolina; her granddaughter, Jane Elizabeth Gadsden Doar [Mrs. Stephen Decatur Doar]; probably her sister, Harriett Ann Gadsden Doar [Mrs. David Doar, 1845-1879]; her husband, David Doar [1850-1928]; their son, Thomas Screven Doar [1878-1951];[1] sold in 1922 by Charlotte Cordes Doar Shore [Mrs. George shore, 1867-1948], Sumter, South Carolina, to (Frank W. Bayley, Copley Gallery, Boston);[2] consigned March 1923 to (M. Knoedler & Co., New York); purchased 26 March 1923 by Thomas B. Clarke [1848-1931], New York;[3] his estate; sold as part of the Clarke collection on 29 January 1936, through (M. Knoedler & Co., New York), to The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift 1942 to NGA 1942.

Exhibition History
1924
Exhibition of Portraits by Early American Portrait Painters, The Union League Club, New York, February 1924, no. 15, as John Baptista Ashe by Gilbert Stuart.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928-1931, unnumbered and unpaginated catalogue, John Baptista Ashe by Gilbert Stuart.
1943
American Paintings, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1943.
1944
Gilbert Stuart: Portraits Lent by the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, 1944-1945, no. 14.
1947
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1947.
1948
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1948.
1949
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1949.
1949
Exhibition of Early American Portraits on Loan from the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Pack Memorial Public Library, Asheville, North Carolina, 1949, no. 5, as John Baptista Ashe.
1950
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1950.
1951
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1951.
1953
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1953.
1955
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1955.
1956
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1956.
1964
Extended loan for use by Blair House, Washington, D.C., 1964-1984.
1986
Extended loan for use by Ambassador Ronald Lauder, U.S. Embassy residence, Vienna, Austria, 1986-1990.
Bibliography
1926
Park 1926, 113-114, no. 34, repro.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke. Exh. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928, unnumbered, as John Baptista Ashe by Gilbert Stuart.
1964
MacMillan, Henry Jay. "Gilbert Stuart's Portrait of an Ashe." Lower Cape Fear Historical Society Inc. Bulletin 8 (October 1964): 6, repro.
1964
Mount 1964, 364
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 102, repro.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 228, repro.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 351, repro.
1995
Miles, Ellen G. American Paintings of the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 282-284, repro. 283.