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Provenance

Acquired by 1846 from descendants of the sitter by Charles Loring Elliott [1812-1868], New York; Abraham M. Cozzens, New York, by 1856; (his estate sale, Clinton Hall Art Galleries, New York, 22 May 1868, no. 23);[1] purchased by Jonathan Sturges [1802-1874], New York and Mill Place, Connecticut;[2] his widow, Mary P. Sturges; their son, Henry C. Sturges [1846-1922], New York and Fairfield, Connecticut;[3] bought 1 April 1921 by Thomas B. Clarke [1848-1931], New York;[4] his estate; sold as part of the Clarke collection on 29 January 1936, through (M. Knoedler & Co., New York), to The A. W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift 1942 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1922
Portraits Painted in Europe by Early American Artists, Union League Club, New York, January 1922, no. 2, Dr. William Hartigan.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928-1931, unnumbered and unpaginated catalogue, as Dr. William Hartigan.
1943
American Paintings, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1943.
1944
Gilbert Stuart: Portraits Lent by the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, 1944-1945, no. 4.
1947
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1947.
1948
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1948.
1949
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1949.
1951
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1951.
1955
Famous Americans, Washington County Museum of Fine Arts, Hagerstown, Maryland, 1955, no cat.
1967
Extended loan for use by Dumbarton House (The National Society of The Colonial Dames of America), Washington, D.C., 1967-1974.
1982
Extended loan for use by Ambassador Kenneth Galbraith, U.S. Embassy residence, Paris, France, 1982-1985.
1985
Extended loan for use by Ambassador Joe M. Rodgers, U.S. Embassy residence, Paris, France, 1985-1986.
1988
Extended loan for use by Blair House, Washington, D.C., 1988-2004.
Bibliography
1856
"Sketchings. Our Private Collection. No. III." [Abraham Cozzens' collection] The Crayon 3, no. 4 (April 1856):123
1867
Tuckerman 1867, 62, 303-305, 623
1868
Thorpe, Thomas Bangs. Reminiscences of Charles L. Elliott, artist. New York, 1868:7
1879
Mason, George C. The Life and Works of Gilbert Stuart. New York, 1879: 43-45, 201.
1880
MFA 1880, 43, no. 310
1881
Hart, Charles Henry. "The Stuart Exhibition at the Museum of Fine Arts Boston." American Art Review 1 (1881): 2nd division:487
1926
Park 1926, 385-386, 900, repro.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke. Exh. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928, unnumbered.
1929
Lee, Cuthbert. Early American Portrait Painters. New Haven, 1929:25
1964
Mount 1964, 152, 167, 169, 345-346, 369
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 104, repro.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 230, repro.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 347, repro.
1995
Miles, Ellen G. American Paintings of the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 179-183, repro. 181.