Overview

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Inscription

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Marks and Labels

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Provenance

Painted for the sitter's husband, Davies Davenport [1757-1837], Capesthorne, Macclesfield, Cheshire; by descent to Sir William Bromley-Davenport [1862-1949];[1] (sale, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 28 July 1926, no. 147); bought by (Duveen Brothers, London and New York); purchased April 1928 by Andrew W. Mellon, Pittsburgh and Washington, D.C.; deeded December 1934 to The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift 1937 to NGA.

Exhibition History

1878
Works by the Old Masters, and by Deceased Masters of the British School. Winter Exhibition, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1878, no. 111.
1892
Works by the Old Masters, and by Deceased Masters of the British School. Winter Exhibition, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1892, no. 17.
1927
Meisterwerke Englischer Malerei aus drei jahrhunderten, Secession, Vienna, 1927, no. 15, repro.

Bibliography

1904
Ward, Humphry and William Roberts. Romney. 2 vols. London, 1904: 1:98, 101, 103-104; 2:41.
1935
Tietze, Hans. Meisterwerke europäischer Malerei in Amerika. Vienna, 1935: 229, repro. (English ed., Masterpieces of European Painting in America. New York, 1939: 229, repro.).
1941
Duveen Brothers. Duveen Pictures in Public Collections of America. New York, 1941: no. 289, repro., as Mrs. Davenport.
1941
Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 172, no. 105, as Miss Davenport.
1942
Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 241, repro. 18, as Mrs. Davenport.
1944
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Masterpieces of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1944: 134, color repro., as Mrs. Davenport.
1949
Paintings and Sculpture from the Mellon Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1949 (reprinted 1953 and 1958): 116, repro., as Mrs. Davenport.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 116, as Miss Davenport.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 103, repro., as Miss Davenport.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 308, repro., as Miss Davenport.
1975
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1975: no. 515, color repro.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 365, no. 511, color repro., as Mrs. Davenport.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 354, repro., as Mrs. Davenport.
1992
Hayes, John. British Paintings of the Sixteenth through Nineteenth Centuries. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1992: 237-238, repro. 238.

Conservation Notes

The somewhat coarse canvas is plain woven; it has been lined. The ground is white, smoothly applied and of moderate thickness. There are thin layers of grey and brown imprimatura except in the area to be occupied by the head. The painting is executed in thick, opaque layers, blended wet into wet, with slight impasto in the whites; only the details of the features are defined crisply over a dried underlayer. Some change in the color of the satin cloak is suggested by the presence of deeper reds beneath the pink of the lower portion. An x-radiograph confirms slight pentimenti in the fall of the drapery folds. There is slight solvent abrasion and flattening of the impasto during lining, a large area of retouching in the neck, and pronounced traction crackle in the brown foliage caused by bitumen, which has been infilled. The slightly pigmented natural resin varnish has been applied over residues of a deeply discolored coating most marked over the bituminous foliage at lower right.

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