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Provenance

Painted for the sitter's husband, Thomas Graham, later 1st Baron Lynedoch [1748-1843], Balgowan, Perthshire; by descent to his second cousin, Robert Graham, 2nd Baron Lynedoch [d. 1859], who bequeathed it to his nephew, James Maxtone Graham [1819-1901]; by descent to his son, Anthony G. Maxtone Graham [1854-1930], Redgorton, Perthshire. (P.& D. Colnaghi & Co., London), by 1909;[1] acquired the same year by (M. Knoedler & Co., London); purchased 21 March 1910 by Peter A.B. Widener, Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania;[2] inheritance from Estate of Peter A.B. Widener by gift through power of appointment of Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park; gift 1942 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1860
Pictures by Italian, Spanish, Flemish, Dutch, French and English Masters, British Institution, London, 1860, no. 182.
1867
National Portraits, South Kensington Museum, London, 1867, no. 463.
1906
Recorded as Burlington Fine Arts Club, London, 1906 (if so, ex-cat.)
1907
Works by the Old Masters and Deceased Masters of the British School. Winter Exhibition, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1907, no. 112.
1909
Cent Portraits de Femmes, Salle du Jeu de Paume, Paris, 1909, no. 5.
1912
Old Masters, M. Knoedler & Co., Inc., New York, 1912, no. 11.
1914
Paintings by Thomas Gainsborough, R.A. and J.M.W. Turner, R.A., M. Knoedler & Co., Inc., New York, 1914, no. 12.
1931
The Four Georges, Sir Philip Sassoon's, 45 Park Lane, London, 1931, no. 52 (illus. souvenir, 7, repro.).
Bibliography
1880
Graves, Henry, & Company. Engravings from the Works of Thomas Gainsborough, R.A.. London, (c.1880): no. 64 (mezzotint by Charles Tomkins, published 1868).
1898
Armstrong, Sir Walter. Gainsborough & His Place in English Art. London, 1898: 196; popular ed., London, 1904: 268.
1915
Roberts, William. Pictures in the Collection of P.A.B. Widener at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania: British and Modern French Schools, Philadelphia, 1915: unpaginated, repro.
1923
Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1923: unpaginated, repro.
1931
Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1931: 26, repro.
1935
Tietze, Hans. Meisterwerke europäischer Malerei in Amerika. Vienna, 1935: 223, repro. (English ed., Masterpieces of European Painting in America. New York, 1939: 223, repro.).
1942
Works of Art from the Widener Collection. Foreword by David Finley and John Walker. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 5.
1948
Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1948 (reprinted 1959): 85, repro., as The Hon. Mrs. Graham.
1951
Whittet, George Sorley. "A Gallery of Art Dealers: P. & D. Colnaghi." The Studio 142, no. 703 (October 1951): 116, repro.
1956
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1956: 48, repro., as The Honorable Mrs. Graham.
1958
Waterhouse, Sir Ellis. Gainsborough. London, 1958: no. 322.
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 319, repro.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 55, as The Honorable Mrs. Graham.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 47, repro., as The Honorable Mrs. Graham.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 142, repro.
1975
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1975: no. 499, color repro.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 357, no. 497, color repro., as The Honorable Mrs. Graham.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 165, repro.
1992
Hayes, John. British Paintings of the Sixteenth through Nineteenth Centuries. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1992: 84-87, repro. 85.
Technical Summary

The lightweight canvas is plain woven; it has been lined. An x-radiograph reveals cusping along the bottom edge, evidence that the painting has not been cut down. The ground, presently whitish brown possibly due to absorption of darkened media, may originally have been pure white and is exceptionally thin. The painting is executed in thin, translucent layers with more opaque paint in the lights of the flesh tones and sky and some areas of the foliage; thin layers of media-rich glazes have been applied in the costume and foliage. An area of original paint at the extreme bottom edge, which has been protected from the damaging effects of light by the rabbet of the frame, indicates that a rich deep red glaze was originally employed in the drapery and has faded considerably; the red glaze was probably used in the flesh tones as well. There are moderate retouchings in the face and neck, perhaps as a result of abrasion damage. The natural resin varnish has discolored yellow to a considerable degree.