Overview

No overview available.

Inscription

Marks and Labels

null

Provenance

William Wethered [d. 1863], King's Lynn, Norfolk, and by 1849, London. Benjamin Godfrey Windus [1790-1867],[1] Tottenham, after 1847;[2] (sale, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 20 June 1853, no. 5); (Ernest Gambart, Paris, Brussels, and London). Charles Birch, Edgbaston and London; (sale, Messrs. Foster, London, 28 February 1856, no. 57); bought by Wallis. Joseph Gillott, Edgbaston, by 1860. (Ernest Gambart, Paris, Brussels, and London); purchased 1863 by (Thos. Agnew & Sons, London); sold 1863 to James Fallows, who exchanged it later that year for pictures by Alfred Elmore and P.F. Poole with (Thos. Agnew & Sons, London); sold to (J. Smith, London).[3] Bought 1870 from the executors of Smith's estate by (Thos. Agnew & Sons, London); sold 1871 to W. Moir; passed to Mrs. Emma Moir; sold 1899 to (Thos. Agnew & Sons, London); purchased the same year by Sir Charles Tennant, Bt. [1823-1906], Glen, Innerleithen, Peeblesshire, Scotland; by descent to his grandson, Christopher Tennant, 2nd Baron Glenconner [b. 1899];[4] sold July 1923 to (Charles Carstairs for M. Knoedler & Co., London and New York); purchased November 1923 by Andrew W. Mellon, Pittsburgh and Washington, D.C.; deeded 28 December 1934 to The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift 1937 to NGA.

Exhibition History

1844
Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1844, no. 356.
1860
Modern Works of Art, Birmingham Society of Artists, Birmingham, 1860, no. 64.
1881
Loan Collection of Oil Paintings by British Artist Born before 1801, Art Club, Liverpool, 1881, no. 133.
1887
Royal Jubilee Exhibition, Fine Art Galleries, Manchester, 1887, no. 613.
1896
Twenty Masterpieces of the English School, Thos. Agnew & Sons, Ltd., 1896, no. 5.
1903
Works by the Old Masters and Deceased Masters of the British School. Winter Exhibition, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1903, no. 37.
1924
Ten Paintings from the Tennant-Glenconner Collection, M. Knoedler & Co., Inc., New York, 1924, no. 10.
1983
Venezia nell'Ottocento [Venice in the Romantic Era], Ala Napoleonica e Museo Correr, Venice, 1983-1984, no. 14, color repro.
1998
Fontane und die bildende Kunst, Kulturforum, Berlin; Neue Pinakothek, Munich, 1998-1999, no. 28, repro. (shown only in Berlin).
2003
Turner and Venice, Tate Britain, London; Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, 2003-2004, no. 49, repro.
2007
J.M.W. Turner, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Dallas Museum of Art; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2007-2008, no. 151, repro.

Bibliography

1844
_Spectator, 17, no. 828, 11 May 1844: 451.
1844
_The Times (London), 8 May 1844.
1848
Ruskin, John. Modern Painters. 5 vols. London, 1843-1856, 1 (5th ed., 1848): 136; The Works of John Ruskin. Edited by E.T. Cook and Alexander Wedderburn. 39 vols. London and New York, 1903-1912; 3:250.
1856
Ruskin, John. Notes on the Turner Gallery at Marlborough House. London, 1856: 74; The Works of John Ruskin. Edited by E.T. Cook and Alexander Wedderburn. 39 vols. London and New York, 1903-1912, 13:166.
1878
Ruskin, John. Notes by Mr. Ruskin on His Collection of Drawings by the late ... Turner. London, 1878: 10; The Works of John Ruskin. Edited by E.T. Cook and A. Wedderburn. 39 vols. London and New York, 1903-1912: 13:409.
1941
_Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 200, no. 110.
1942
_Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 241, repro. 19.
1949
_Paintings and Sculpture from the Mellon Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1949 (reprinted 1953 and 1958): 125, repro.
1965
_Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 132.
1968
_European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 119, repro.
1971
Dugdale, James. "Sir Charles Tennant: The Story of A Victorian Collector." The Connoisseur 178 (1971): 8-9, 12, color repro. 2.
1975
_European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 354, repro.
1975
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1975: no. 604, color repro.
1980
Gage, John. Collected Correspondence of J.M.W. Turner. Oxford, 1980: 200, no. 270.
1984
Butlin, Martin, and Evelyn Joll. The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner. 2 vols. New Haven and London, 1977. (2d rev. ed., 1984): 1:no. 412; 2:color pl. 417.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 413, no. 589, color repro.
1985
_European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 404, repro.
1986
Chapel, Jeannie. "The Turner Collector: Joseph Gillott, 1799-1872." Turner Studies 6 (1986): 47.
1992
Hayes, John. British Paintings of the Sixteenth through Nineteenth Centuries. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1992: 288-291, color repro. 289.
2004
Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 349, no. 281, color repro.
2008
Schwander, Martin, ed. Venice: From Canaletto and Turner to Monet. Ostfildern, 2008: 65-66, fig. 9.
2014
Hultzsch, Anne. Architecture, Travellers and Writers: Constructing Histories of Perception, 1640-1950. Leeds, 2014: 141-142, fig. 4.5.

Technical Summary

The medium-weight canvas is finely plain woven; it was lined in 1971. The ground is off-white. The painting is executed with thick white impasto covered with very thin transparent glaze washes of intense colors which create a flickering effect in the highlights. The glazes have been abraded, or possibly, in the case of the red lakes beneath the city, have faded. The impasto has been slightly flattened during lining. There is extensive craquelure which significantly disrupts the composition. There are a great number of scattered small retouches in the sky and foreground. The dammar varnish applied in 1971 has discolored yellow slightly.

Related Works

Related Resources

  • Event Type
    Event Name
    March 1–June 1
    Mon, Tues, and Wed at 1:00
    March 5, 2012 at 2:00
    March 7, 2012 at 4:00
    East Building, Auditorium
    Name of docent
    image:
    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum
    60 minutes
    Registration for this event begins on April 1, 2012 at noon.
    Download the program notes (100k)
  • Self-Guided Tour
    Italian Collection
    image:
    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum