Overview

No overview.

Inscription

lower right: Manet

Marks and Labels

null

Provenance

From the artist in 1872 to (Durand-Ruel, Paris); sold 1874 to Jean-Baptiste Faure [1830-1914], Paris; sold 1892 back to (Durand-Ruel, Paris); sold to (Cottier & Co., New York); sold 1894 to Peter A.B. Widener, Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania; inheritance from Estate of Peter A.B. Widener by gift through power of appointment of Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park; gift 1942 to NGA.

Exhibition History

1864
Salon of 1864, Paris, no. 1282
1865
Galerie Martinet, Paris, February 1865, no. 2.
1867
Tableaux de Edouard Manet, Avenue de l'Alma, Paris, 1867, no. 5 as L'Homme mort.
1868
Exposition maritime internationale, Le Havre, 1868
1869
Exposition de la Société des Amis des Arts de Lyon, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyon, 1869.
1884
Exposition Manet, Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1884, no. 24
1889
Exposition Universelle, Paris, 1889, no. 488
1893
World's Columbian Exposition, Department of Fine Arts, Chicago, 1893, no. 3057.
1932
Exposition Manet, Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris, 1932, no. 19
1950
Diamond Jubilee Exhibition: Masterpieces of Painting, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1950-1951, no. 69, repro.
1966
Edouard Manet, 1832-1883, Philadelphia Museum of Art; The Art Institute of Chicago, 1966-1967, no. 59, repro. (Philadelphia only)
1982
Manet and Modern Paris, National Gallery of Art, 1982-1983, no. 77, repro.
1983
Manet, Grand Palais, Paris; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1983
1985
Manet, Nationalmuseum, Stockholm, 1985, no. 61, repro.
1986
Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art, Washington, State Hermitage Museum, Leningrad; State Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, 1986, no. 12, repro.
1987
Triumph und Tod des Helden, Wallraf-Richartz-Museums, Cologne; Kunsthaus, Zurich; Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyon, 1987-1988, no. 45, repro.
1989
Manet, Ordrupgaardsamlingen, Copenhagen, 1989, no. 11, repro.
1992
Edouard Manet: Augenblicke der Geschichte, Städtischen Kunsthalle Mannheim, Germany, 1992-1993, no. 4, repro.
1992
Edouard Manet: The Execution of Maximilian, National Gallery, London, 1992, no. 26, fig. 31.
1999
Manet's 'The Dead Toreador' and 'The Bullfight': Fragments of a Lost Salon Painting Reunited, The Frick Collection, New York, 1999, pl. 1.
2003
Manet en el Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2003-2004, no. 60, repro.
2006
Manet and the Execution of Maximilian, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2006-2007, unnumbered catalogue, fig.15.
2010
Manet et le Paris moderne, Mitsubishi Ichigokan Museum, Tokyo, 2010, no. I-7, repro.
2011
Manet, inventeur du Moderne [Manet: The Man Who Invented Modernity], Musée d'Orsay, Paris, 2011, no. 89, figs. 19 and 139.

Bibliography

1864
About, Edmond. Salon de 1864. Paris, 1864:156
1864
Burger, W., pseud. "Charles Baudelaire et les coincidences mysterieuses." L'Indépendance belge (26 June 1864)
1864
Burger, W., pseud. "Le Salon de 1864 à Paris." L'Indépendance belge (15 June 1864)
1864
Callias, Hector de. "Le Salon de 1864." L'Artiste (1 June 1864):242
1864
Cham, pseud. "Croquis." Le Charivari (22 May 1864)
1864
Gauthier, Théophile. "Salon de 1864, 8e article." Le moniteur universel. (25 June 1864):87
1864
Leroy, Louis. "Salon de 1864." Le Charivari (25 May 1864)
1864
Navary, Raoul de, pseud. "Salon de 1864." Gazette des Etrangers (7 June 1864)
1864
Pays, Augustin Joseph du. "Salon de 1864." L'Illustration (16 July 1864)
1867
Spuller, Eugène. "Edouard Manet et sa peinture." Le Naine jaune (9 June 1867)
1867
Zola, Emile. "Une nouvelle manière en peinture--Edouard Manet." Revue du XIXe Siècle (1 January 1867):34
1873
Silvestre, Paul Armand. Galerie Durand-Ruel. Paris, London and Brussels, 1873:24
1883
Chennevières-Pointel, Philippe, marquis de. Souvenirs d'un Directeur des Beaux-Arts. 5 vols. Paris, 1883-1889:I:40.
1884
Bazire, Edmond. Manet. Paris, 1884: 40-42, 71, 114
1884
Gonse, Louis. "Manet." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 29 (February 1884):140
1884
Péladon, Joséphin. "Le procédé de Manet d'après l'Exposition faire à l'Ecole des Beaux-arts." L'Artiste 1 1(February 1884): 109
1897
Proust, Antonin. "Edouard Manet inédit." La revue blanche (15 February 1897):174
1902
Duret, Théodore. Histoire d'Edouard Manet et de son oeuvre.Paris, 1902: no. 51.
1904
Mayclair, Camille.L'Impressionisme, son histoire, son esthétique, ses maîtres. Paris, 1904:52, repro. 35.
1910
Duret, Théodore. Manet and the French Impressionists. Translated by J.E. Crawford Flitch. London and Philadelphia, 1910: 23, 203, 217-218, no. 51.
1910
Waldmann, Emil. "Französische Bilder in Amerikanische Privatbesitz." Kunst und Künstler 9 (December 1910): 134,136-137.
1912
Hourticq, Louis, Jean Laran and Georges Le Bas. French Artists of Our Day: Edouard Manet. Philadelphia and London, 1912:19-20, repro.
1912
Meier-Graefe, Julius. Edouard Manet. Munich, 1912: 61, 66, 310
1915
Roberts, William. Pictures in the Collection of P.A.B. Widener at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania: British and Modern French Schools, Philadelphia, 1915: unpaginated, repro.
1916
Proust, Antonin. Edouard Manet, souvenirs. Paris, 1916:47
1922
Jean-Aubry, Georges. Eugène Boudin, d'après des documents inédits, l'homme et l'oeuvre. Paris, 1922:68-69
1923
Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1923: unpaginated, repro.
1925
Rosenthal, Leon. "Manet et l'Espagne." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 12 (September-October 1925):205-206, 208, 120, 212
1926
Moreau-Nélaton, Etienne. Manet, raconté par lui-même. 2 vols. Paris, 1926: I:56-59, 62, 65-66, 110, 132-133; II:108-109.
1930
Cortissoz, Royal. The Painter's Craft. New York and London, 1930: 221
1931
Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1931: 168, repro.
1931
Tabarant, Adolphe. Manet: histoire catalographique. Paris, 1931: no. 73.
1932
Bazin, Germaine. "Manet et la tradition." L'Amour de l'Art 13, no. 5 (May 1932): 156, 162.
1932
Bouyer, Raymond. "Les expositions." Le Bulletin de l'Art ancien et modern. (July-September 1932): 266
1932
Colin, Paul. Edouard Manet. Paris, 1932:24
1932
Huyghe, Rene. "Manet, peintre." L'Amour de l'Art 13, no. 5 (May 1932):171, 179.
1932
La Revue de l'Art 62 no. 338 (July-September 1932): 266, repro.
1932
Jamot, Paul and Georges Wildenstein. Manet. 2 vols. Paris, 1932: I:27, 78-79, 89, 126-7, no. 83.
1932
Rich, Daniel Catton. "The Spanish Backgroud for Manet's Early Work." Parnassus 4 (February 1932):1-5
1933
Lambert, Elie. "Manet et l'Espagne." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 9 (June 1933):374, 376, 379-380
1935
Tietze, Hans. Meisterwerke europäischer Malerei in Amerika. Vienna, 1935: 286, repro. (English ed., Masterpieces of European Painting in America. New York, 1939: 286, repro.).
1936
Tietze, Hans. "Manet and a So-Called Velazquez." The Burlington Magazine 69 (August 1936): 74, 85
1938
Brimo, René. L'évolution du goût aux Etats-Unis d'après l'histoire des collections. Paris, 1938: 117
1938
Rey, Robert. Manet. New York and Paris, 1938:119
1938
Waldmann, Emil. "Die Sammlung Widener." Pantheon 22 (November 1938): 335, repro.
1939
Venturi, Lionello. Les archives de l'impressionnisme. 2 vols. Paris and New York, 1939: II: 189-190
1940
J.W. "The Widener Gift." Magazine of Art 33 (November 1940):606-609
1940
Widener, Peter A.B. Without Drums. New York. 1940: 60.
1941
Jedlicka, Gotthard. Edouard Manet. Erlenbach and Zurich, 1941:234.
1941
Whitehill, Virginia N. Stepping Stones in Nineteenth Century Painting. New York, 1941:27
1942
The Sunday Star, Washington (6 September 1942): 3, repro.
1942
Tabarant, Adolphe. La vie artistique au temps de Baudelaire. Paris,1942:393
1946
Huth, Hans. "Impressionism Comes to America." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 29 (April 1946):246
1947
Baudelaire, Charles. Correspondance générale. 4 vols, Jacques Crepet, ed. Paris, 1947-1953:226-228, 249-250, 275-278
1947
Florisoone, Michel. Manet. Monaco, 1947:XX, 24, 122
1947
Tabarant, Adolphe. Manet et ses oeuvres. Paris, 1947:82-87, 195, 491, 512, 605
1948
Bex, Maurice. Manet. Columbia series New York, 1948: 10, 21, pl.11
1948
Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1948 (reprinted 1959): 105, repro.
1951
Sloane, Joseph C. French Painting between the Past and the Present. Princeton, 1951: 194, repro. pl. 66
1951
Sloane, Joseph C. "Manet and History." The Art Quarterly 14 (Summer 1951): 103
1952
Babelon, Jean. "La España de Manet y el Manet de España." Clavileño: Revista de la Associación Internacional de Hispanismo 3 (1952):19-20
1952
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Great Paintings from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1952: 152, color repro.
1953
Crepet, Jacques, ed. Baudelaire: Correspondance generale IV (nov. 1861-1864). Paris, 1953: 227-228, 249
1954
Hamilton, George Heard. Manet and His Critics. New Haven, 1954:32-34, 52-64, 65, 69, 97-98, 118, 155, 157, 161, 264, repro. pl. 8-9
1954
Sandblad, Nils Gösta. Manet: Three Studies in Artistic Conception. Lund, 1954:150, 155, 156
1955
Bataille, Georges. Manet. Translated by Austryn Wainhouse and James Emmons. Lausanne, 1955.
1955
Vaudoyer, Jean-Louis. E. Manet. Paris, 1955: no. 15
1956
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1956: 52, repro.
1958
Richardson, John. Edouard Manet: paintings and drawings. London, 1958: no. 23, repro.
1959
Hemmings, F.W.J. and Niess, Roberts, eds. Emile Zola: Salons. Geneva, 1959: 96, 258
1959
National Gallery of Art. Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection. Reprint. Washington, DC, 1959: 105, repro.
1960
Lethève, Jacques. "Impressionists ad Symbolists and Journalists." Art News Annual 2 (1960):44
1963
Lowry, Bates. Muse or Ego: Salon and Independent Artisits of the 1880s. Claremont, 1963: 33
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 323, repro.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 81
1966
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:424, color repro.
1966
Hamilton, George Heard. "Is Manet Still Modern?" Art News Annual 31 (1966):107, 118, 160.
1966
Hanson, Anne Coffin. Edouard Manet 1832-1883. Exh. cat. Philadelphia, 1966:13, 78-81, no. 59
1966
Hudson, Andrew. "Viewpoint on Art." The Washington Post (25 September 1966)
1967
Ackerman, Gerald M. "Gerôme and Manet." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 70 (September 1967:163-176
1967
Schmierer, Martha and Richard Verdi. "Thoughts Arising from the Philadelphia-Chicago Manet Exhibition." The Art Quarterly 30 (Fall-Winter 1967):240, 251
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 71, repro.
1968
Liebmann, Kurt. Edouard Manet. Dresden, 1968:15, pl. 13
1968
Schneider, Pierre. The World of Manet, 1832-1883. New York, 1968:32-33, 60
1969
Farwell, Beatrice. "Manet's Espada and Marcantonio." Metropolitan Museum of Art Journal 2 (1969):199
1969
Fried, Michael. "Manet's Sources, Aspects of his Art, 1859-1865." Artforum 7 (March 1969):56, 66, 67
1969
Isaacson, Joel. Manet and Spain. Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1969:36
1969
Reff. Theodore. "'Manet's Sources': A Critical Evaluation." Artforum 8 (September 1969):42
1969
Spencer, Michael Clifford. The Art Criticism of Théophile Gaultier. Geneva, 1969:67
1970
Hanson, Anne Coffin. "Edouard Manet, 'Les Citanos,' and the Cut Canvas."The Burlington Magazine 112 (March 1970): 158-162.
1970
Orienti, Sandra and Denis Rouart. Edouard Manet. Paris, 1970:64
1970
Orienti, Sandra. The Complete Paintings of Manet. London, 1970:93
1971
Gállego, Julian. "Goya en el arte moderno." Goya (January-February 1971):256
1971
Nochlin, Linda. Realism. Baltimore, 1971:64, 253
1972
Bazin, Germain. Edouard Manet. Milan, 1972:8, 19, 22, 24, 42, 89
1973
Farwell, Beatrice. Manet and the Nude: A Study in Iconography in the Second Empire. Ph.D. diss. UCLA, 1973. New York, 1981:171-172, 205-206, 293-294, 325
1973
Meyer, Ruth K. "Jean Léon Gerôme; The Role of Subject Matter and the Importance of Formalized Composition." Arts Magazine 47 (February 1973):33-34
1974
Callen, Anthea. "Faure and Manet." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 83 (March 1974): 163, 171.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 208, repro.
1975
Mauner, George. Manet: Peintre-Philosophe; A Study of the Painter's Themes. University Park, PA, and London, 1975:111, 138-141, 144, 147
1975
Rouart, Denis and Daniel Wildenstein. Edouard Manet, catalogue raisonné 2 vols. Lausanne and Paris, 1975:I:80-1, no. 72
1977
Greenwood, Michael. "Towards a Definition of Realism." Artscanada 33 (December 1976-January 1977):9-10
1977
Hanson, Anne Coffin. Manet and the Modern Tradition. New Haven and London, 1977:82,85,119,156,169-170,204, repro. 55
1977
Reff, Theodore. Manet: Olympia. New York, 1977:45
1978
King, Marian. Adventures in Art: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1978: 84, pl. 51.
1980
Kelder, Diane. The Great Book of French Impressionism. New York, 1980: 70, 71, repro.
1982
Ross, Novelene. Manet's 'Bar at the Folies-Bergère' and the Myths of Popular Illustration. Ann Arbor, 1982:8
1983
Stuckey, Charles F. "Manet Revised: Whodunit?" Art in America 71 (November 1983): repro. 163
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 449, no. 647, color repro.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 242, repro.
1991
Darragon, Eric. Manet. Paris, 1991:137, repro.
1991
Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 197, 198, color repro.
1992
Carr-Gomm, Sarah. Manet. London, 1992: 68, repro.
1992
Stevenson, Lesley. Manet. New York, 1992: 66-67, repro.
1993
Galligan, Gregory. "The Self Pictured: Manet, the Mirror, and the Occupation of Realist Painting." Art Bulletin 80, no. 1 (March 1993): 160-161, repro.
1993
Perutz, Vivien. Edouard Manet. London and Toronto, 1993: repro. 75.
1994
Berhaut, Marie. Caillebotte, sa vie et son oeuvre. Catalogue raisonne des peintures et pastels. Paris, 1978: 34.
1994
Lemaire, Gerard-Georges. Manet. Milan, 1994: 34, repro.
1994
Rubin, James H. Manet's Silence and the Poetics of Bouquets. Cambridge, 1994: repro. no. 46
1996
Körner, Hans. Edouard Manet: Dandy, Flaneur, Maler. Munich, 1996: 85, 88, 228, color fig. 68.
1997
Fernandez, Dominique and Ferrante Ferranti. Le Musée d'Émile Zola :haines et passion, 1997, p. 91, repro.
1997
Paris-Bruxelles; Bruxelles-Paris. Exh. cat. Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris; musée des Beaux-Arts, Gand, 1997:10
1997
Kelder, Diane. The Great Book of French Impressionism, 1997, no. 78, repro.
1998
Shefer, Elain. "Death." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography, edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 1:232.
1999
Daumier. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, The Phillips Collection, Washington, 1999-2000:178, repro.
2008
Locke, Nancy. "Manet Exhibits in Lyon in 1869." The Burlington Magazine 150 no. 1262 (May 2008): 323, color fig. 32.
2013
Pludermacher, Isolde. "La Sociéte des amis des arts." In Le Cercle de l'art moderne. Exh. cat. Musée du Luxembourg, Paris, 2013: 33, repro.

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