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Inscription

upper center on headdress is the Sforza motto: MERITO ET TEMPORE (With merit and time)

Provenance

Private collection, England; purchased summer 1888 by Dr. Friedrich Lippmann [1838-1903], Berlin; by inheritance to his son, Friedrich Lippmann, Berlin;[1] acquired 1904 on joint account by (Durlacher Brothers, New York) and (P & D Colnaghi's, London and New York); sold 1904 to (Eugène Fischhof, Paris and New York); acquired 1904 from or through (Fischhof) by Peter A.B. Widener, Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania; inheritance from Estate of Peter A.B. Widener by gift through power of appointment of Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park; gift 1942 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1898
Pictures by Masters of the Milanese and Allied Schools of Lombardy, Burlington Fine Arts Club, London, 1898, no. 51.
2011
Leonardo da Vinci: Painter at the Court of Milan, The National Gallery, London, 2011-2012, no. 8, repro.
2013
Mattia Corvino e Firenze: Arte e Umanesimo alla Corte del Re di Ungheria [Matthias Corvinus and Florence: Art and Humanism in the court of the King of Hungary], Museo di San Marco, Florence, 2013-2014, no. 92, repro.
Bibliography
1916
Berenson, Bernard, and William Roberts. Pictures in the Collection of P.A.B. Widener at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania: Early Italian and Spanish Schools. Philadelphia, 1916: unpaginated, repro.
1923
Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1923: unpaginated, repro.
1931
Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1931: 144, repro.
1942
Works of Art from the Widener Collection. Foreword by David Finley and John Walker. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 6.
1948
Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1948 (reprinted 1959): 13, repro.
1957
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Comparisons in Art: A Companion to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. London, 1957 (reprinted 1959): pl. 65
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 301, repro.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 105.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 93, repro.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 274, repro.
1979
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. 2 vols. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1979: I:380-382, II:pl. 275
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 112, no. 85, color repro.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 319, repro.
2002
Venturelli, Paola. Leonardo da Vinci e le arti preziose: Milano tra XV e XVI secolo. Venice, 2002: 165-170, especially 166 and 168, fig. 45.
2003
Boskovits, Miklós, and David Alan Brown, et al. Italian Paintings of the Fifteenth Century. The Systematic Catalogue of the National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 2003: 596-601, color repro.