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lower left: P.PUVIS DE CHAVANNES; lower center in border of oakbranches and laborer's tools: LE TRAVAIL

Provenance

Sold by the artist c. 1872 to (Durand-Ruel, New York and Paris). Hiltbrunner Collection, by 1887. (Durand-Ruel, New York and Paris). John G. Johnson [1841-1917], Philadelphia, by 1888; sold 1899 to Peter A. B. Widener [1834-1915], Elkins Park, Pennsylvania; Inheritance from the Estate of Peter A. B. Widener by gift through power of appointment of Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park; gift 1942 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1867
Exposition universelle, Paris, 1867, no. 526.
1873
Sixth Exhibition of the Society of French Artists, Durand-Ruel, London, 1873, no. 118.
1887
Celebrated Paintings by Great French Masters, National Academy of Design, New York, 1887, no. 57.
1887
Exposition de tableaux, pastels, dessins par M. Puvis de Chavannes, Galeries Durand Ruel, Paris, 1887, no. 15.
1976
Puvis de Chavannes, Palais du Louvre, Paris; National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, 1976-1977, no. 41.
1986
Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art, Washington, State Hermitage Museum, Leningrad; State Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, 1986, no. 25, repro.
1994
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh, Amsterdam, 1994, no. 28, repro.
2014
Arcadia by the Shore: The Mythic World of Puvis de Chavannes, The Bunkamura Museum of Art, Tokyo; Shimane Art Museum, Matsue, 2014, no. 12, repro.
Bibliography
1915
Roberts, William. Pictures in the Collection of P.A.B. Widener at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania: British and Modern French Schools, Philadelphia, 1915: unpaginated, repro.
1931
Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1931: 196, repro.
1948
Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1948 (reprinted 1959): 100, repro.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 106.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 93, repro.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 276, repro.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 321, repro.
1998
Lamia, Stephen. "Labor/Trades/Occupations." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art, edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 1:481