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Provenance

The artist [1880-1938]; his estate; (Galerie Roman Norbert Ketterer, Campione d'Italia, Switzerland); (Galleria Henze, Campione d'Italia); purchased c. 1979 by Robert Gore Rifkind, Beverly Hills;[1] (sale, Phillips, de Pury & Luxembourg, New York, 4 November 2002, no. 15, bought in); purchased 18 December 2002 by NGA.

Exhibition History
1971
Ausstellung Ernst Ludwig Kirchner: Gemälde, Aquarelle, Zeichnungen, Graphik, Galerie Roman Norbert Ketterer, Campione d'Italia, Switzerland, 1971, no. 30, repro.
1978
Moderne Kunst 18, Galleria Henze, Campione d'Italia, Switzerland, 1978, no. 78, repro.
1979
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner 1880-1938, Nationalgalerie, Berlin; Haus der Kunst, Munich; Museum Ludwig in der Kunsthalle, Cologne; Kunsthaus, Zurich, 1979-1980, no. 147, repro. (shown only in Berlin).
1981
Gauguin to Moore: Primitivism in Modern Sculpture, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, 1981-1982, no. 88, repro.
1983
German Expressionist Sculpture, Los Angeles County Museum of Art; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.; Josef-Haubrich Kunsthalle, Cologne, 1983-1984, no. 67, repro. and on cover.
1985
German Art in the 20th Century, Painting and Sculpture 1905-1985, Royal Academy of Arts, London; Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, 1985-1986, no. 13, repro.
1992
Figures du Moderne, 1905-1914: Dresden, Munich, Berlin: L'Expressionnisme en Allemagne, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, 1992-1993, no. 59, repro.
1999
Kunstwelten im Dialog: Von Gauguin zur Globalen Gegenwart, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, 1999-2000, no. 210, pl. 41.
2003
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, 1880-1938 [London title: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner: The Dresden and Berlin Years], National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Royal Academy of Arts, London, 2003, no. 107, as Erna, repro.
2005
Brüke: The birth of German Expressionism (Brüke: El naixement de l'expressionisme alemany), Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid; Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya, Barcelona; Berlinische Galerie, 2005-2006, no. 105, repro.
2009
Brücke: The Birth of Expressionism in Dresden and Berlin, 1905-1913, Neue Galerie, New York, 2009, no. 48, repro.
Bibliography
1925
Marsalle, Louis de [pseudonym of Ernst Ludwig Kirchner]. "Über die Plastischen Arbeiten von E.L. Kirchner." Der Cicerone 17 (1925): 692-701, repro. 694.
1926
Grohmann, Will. Das Werk Ernst Ludwig Kirchners. Munich, 1926: 57, pl. 31.
1981
Mato, D. "Gauguin to Moore: Primitivism in Modern Sculpture." Arts Magazine 13 (1981-1982): 20, repro.
1984
Kuspit, Donald B. "An Appeal for Empathy." Art in America (November 1984): 122, repro.
1991
Lloyd, Jill. German Expressionism, Primitivism and Modernity. New Haven and London, 1991: 78-79, fig. 102.