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Inscription

lower center on chest: NOTVS INFRATRES / ANIMI PATERNI (Horace, Carmina, II, 2, 6)

Provenance

Palazzo Capponi, Florence, until 1871. Oscar Hainauer [d. 1894], Berlin; his wife, Julie Hainauer, Berlin; acquired 1906 by (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London, New York, and Paris); sold 1941 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York;[1] gift 1943 to NGA.[2]

Exhibition History
1883
Die Ausstellung von Gemälden Alterer Meister im Berliner Privatbesitz, veranstaltet zu Ehren der silbernen Hochzeit I.I. KK. u. KK. Hoheiten des Kronprinzen und der Frau Kronprinzessin in der Königlichen Akademie der Künste, Berlin 25 January - 12 March 1883, no. 15, as Florentine, 16th century.
Bibliography
1883
Bode, Wilhelm von and Robert Dohme. "Die Ausstellung von Gemälden älterer Meister im Berliner Privatbesitz." Jahrbuch der königlich Preussischen Kunstsammlungen 4 (1883): 119-151, esp 137.
1897
Bode, Wilhelm von, ed. Die Sammlung Oscar Hainauer / The Collection of Oscar Hainauer. [bound as one volume, English and German pages interleaved in one page sequence] Berlin, 1897 and London, 1906: 60-61, no. 3 as Florentine, end of16th century.
1943
Swarzenski, Georg. "Some Aspects of Italian Quattrocento Sculpture in the National Gallery." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 6th series, 24 (November 1943): 302, 303 fig. 17.
1944
Duveen Brothers, Inc. Duveen Sculpture in Public Collections of America: A Catalog Raisonné with illustrations of Italian Renaissance Sculptures by the Great Masters which have passed through the House of Duveen. New York, 1944: figs. 208-209, as by Leone Leoni.
1945
Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1945 (reprinted 1947, 1949): 199, repro., as by Leone Leoni.
1959
Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 431, repro., as by Leone Leoni.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 160, as by Leone Leoni.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 142, repro., as by Leone Leoni.
1975
Middeldorf, Ulrich. "On Some Portrait Busts Attributed to Leone Leoni." The Burlington Magazine 117 (February 1975): 84, as Florentine c. 1600.
1976
Middeldorf, Ulrich. Sculptures from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: European Schools XIV-XIX Century. London, 1976: 70-71, repro. fig 121, as attributed to Gherardo Silvani, 1579-1675.
1993
Pratesi, Giovanni, ed. Repertorio della scultura fiorentina del Seicento e Settecento. 3 vols. Turin, 1993: 1:72.
1994
Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1994: 36, repro.
1999
Norman Herz, Katherine A. Holbrow and Shelley G. Sturman. "Marble Sculture in the National Gallery of Art: a Provenance Study." In Max Schvoerer, ed. Archéomatériaux: marbres et autres roches: ASMOSIA IV, Bordeaux, France 9-13 october 1995: actes de la IVème Conférence international de l’Association pour l’étude des marbres et autres roches utilizes dans le passé. Talence, 1999: 101-110.
2002
Martin, Thomas. "Giovanni Caccini’s bust of Baccio Valori." The Burlington Magazine 144 (December 2002): 724-734, esp 432, n. 59.