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Provenance

Anne Russell Digby, Countess of Bristol [d. 1696/7], by 1679; by inheritance to Anne Digby Spencer, Countess of Sunderland [d. 1715], by 1685; by inheritance to her youngest son, the Hon. John Spencer [d. 1746], Althorp, Northamptonshire; by inheritance to John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer [1734-1783], Althorp; by inheritance to George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer [1758-1834], Althorp; by inheritance to John Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl Spencer [1782-1845], Althorp; by inheritance to Frederick Spencer, 4th Earl Spencer [1798-1857], Althorp; by inheritance to John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer [1835-1910], Althorp; by inheritance to Charles Robert Spencer, 6th Earl Spencer [1857-1922], Althorp; by inheritance to Albert Edward John Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer [1892-1975], Althorp; sold 1924 to (Thos. Agnew & Sons, Ltd., London); sold 1925 to (Arthur J. Sulley and Co., London); inheritance from Estate of Peter A.B. Widener by gift through power of appointment of Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park, after purchased 1925 by funds of the Estate; gift 1942 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1922
Old Masters, Thomas Agnew and Sons, London, 1922
1989
Masterpieces of Western European Painting of the XVIth-XXth Centuries from the Museums of the European Countries and USA, State Hermitage Museum, Leningrad, 1989, no. 5, repro.
1996
Rings: Five Passions in World Art, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 1996, unnumbered cat., repro.
Bibliography
1822
Dibdin, Thomas F. Aedes Althorpianae: An Account of the Mansion, Books and Pictures at Althorp. London, 1822: 13.
1833
Passavant, Johann David. Kunstreise durch England und Belgien. Frankfurt, 1833: 191.
1836
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl. Catalogue of the Pictures at Althorp House, in the County of North Hampton. London, 1836: 9 no. 71.
1921
Graves, Algernon. Art Sales from Early in the Eighteenth Century to Early in the Twentieth Century (mostly Old Master and Early English Pictures). 3 vols. London, 1918–1921: 3(1921): 210-213.
1922
Thos. Agnew & Sons. Catalogue of Pictures by Old Masters. London, 1922: 8 no. 14.
1923
Brockwell, Maurice. “Une exposition d’anciens maîtres à la Galerie Agnew.” Gazette des Beaux-Arts 65, no. 7 (1923): 55-56.
1923
Fry, Roger. “A Monthly Chronicle. Old Masters Exhibition at Messrs. Agnew.” The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 42 (1923): 54.
1924
Holmes, Charles. “Titian’s Venus and Adonis in the National Gallery.” The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 45 (1924): 21.
1925
Mayer, August L. “Tizianstudien.” Münchner Jahrbuch der Bildenden Kunst 2 (1925): 276.
1926
Marillier, H. C. Christie's 1766 to 1925. London, 1926: 50, 224.
1930
Burchard, Ludwig. Unknown Masterpieces in Public and Private Collections. 2 vols. Edited by William R. Valentiner. London, 1930: 1:n.p.
1930
Valentiner, Wilhelm R., ed. Unknown Masterpieces in Public and Private Collections. London, 1930: n.p., pl. 24.
1931
Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1931: 6, repro.
1932
Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A List of the Principal Artists and their Works with an Index of Places. Oxford, 1932: 574.
1935
Suida, Wilhelm. Le Titien. Paris, 1935: 120-121.
1936
Berenson, Bernard. Pitture italiane del rinascimento: catalogo dei principali artisti e delle loro opere con un indice dei luoghi. Translated by Emilio Cecchi. Milan, 1936: 494.
1938
Waldmann, Emil. "Die Sammlung Widener." Pantheon 22 (November 1938): 340.
1942
Works of Art from the Widener Collection. Foreword by David Finley and John Walker. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 7.
1944
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Masterpieces of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1944: 68, color repro.
1946
Riggs, Arthur Stanley. Titian the Magnificent and the Venice of His Day. New York, 1946: 9, color repro.
1948
Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1948 (reprinted 1959): 23, repro.
1950
Tietze, Hans. Titian. The Paintings and Drawings. London, 1950: 402.
1951
Einstein, Lewis. Looking at Italian Pictures in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1951: 86-87, repro.
1954
Tietze, Hans. “An Early Version of Titian’s Danaë: an Analysis of Titian’s Replicas.” Arte Veneta 8 (1954): 201-202.
1955
Evelyn, John. The Diary of John Evelyn (1620–1706). Edited by Esmond S. de Beer. 6 vols. Oxford, 1955: 4:162, 403.
1957
Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Venetian School. 2 vols. London, 1957: 1:192.
1959
Gould, Cecil. National Gallery Catalogues: The Sixteenth Century Venetian School. London, 1959: 99.
1959
Morassi, Antonio. “Titian.” In Encyclopedia of World Art. 17+ vols. London, 1959+, 14(1967): col. 147.
1960
The National Gallery of Art and Its Collections. Foreword by Perry B. Cott and notes by Otto Stelzer. National Gallery of Art, Washington (undated, 1960s): 26.
1960
Valcanover, Francesco. Tutta la pittura di Tiziano. 2 vols. Milan, 1960: 2:44.
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 150, repro.
1964
Morassi, Antonio. Titian. Greenwich, CT, 1964: 63.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 130.
1966
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 1:180, color repro.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 117, repro.
1969
Pallucchini, Rodolfo. Tiziano. 2 vols. Florence, 1969: 1:142, 315.
1969
Panofsky, Erwin. Problems in Titian, Mostly Iconographic. New York, 1969: 151.
1969
Valcanover, Francesco. L’opera completa di Tiziano. Milan, 1969: 128-9 no. 429.
1969
Wethey, Harold. The Paintings of Titian. 3 vols. London, 1969-1975: 3(1975): 59, 193-194, 241-242.
1972
Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972: 203, 475, 646.
1972
Rosand, David. “Ut Pictor Poeta: Meaning in Titian’s Poesie.” New Literary History 3 (1972): 539.
1973
Zeri, Federico, and Elizabeth Gardner. Italian Paitnings. A Catalogue of the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Venetian School. New York, 1973: 81-82.
1974
Garlick, Kenneth. "A Catalogue of Pictures at Althorp." Walpole Society 45 (1974-1976): 99, 108, 124.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 346, repro.
1975
Gould, Cecil. National Gallery Catalogues: The Sixteenth Century Italian Schools. London, 1975: 298.
1979
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. 2 vols. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1979: I:492-495, II:pl. 348, as Titian and Studio.
1980
Anderson, Jaynie. "Giorgione, Titian and the Sleeping Venus." In Tiziano e Venezia. Convegno internazionale di studi. Venezia, 1976. Vicenza, 1980: 339.
1980
Gentili, Augusto. Da Tiziano a Tiziano: mito e allegoria nella cultura veneziana del Cinquecento. Milan, 1980: 115-116.
1980
Heinemann, Fritz. “La bottega di Tiziano.” In Tiziano e Venezia: convegno internazionale di studi (1976). Vicenza, 1980: 435.
1981
Siebenhüner, Herbert. Der Palazzo Barbarigo della Terrazza in Venedig und seine Tizian-Sammlung. Munich, 1981: 30.
1982
Chiari, Maria Agnese. Incisioni da Tiziano: catalogo del fondo grafico a stampa del Museo Correr. Venice, 1982: 142, 157.
1982
Fehl, Philipp. “Beauty and the Historian of Art: Titian’s Venus and Adonis.” In Atti del XXIV Congresso Internazionale di Storia dell’Arte, vol. 10: problemi di metodo, condizioni di esistenza di una storia dellárte (1979). Edited by Lajos Vayer. Bologna, 1982: 188; Reprint 1992: 107.
1982
López Torrijos, Rosa. “Un dibujode mitologia para las pinturas del Palacio del Viso del Marqués.” Archivo Español de Arte 217 (1982): 76-79.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 212, no. 259, color repro.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 396, repro.
1987
Bertini, Giuseppe. La Galleria del Duca di Parma. Storia di una Collezione. Bologna, 1987: 134.
1988
Gentili, Augusto. Da Tiziano a Tiziano: mito e allegoria nella cultura veneziana del Cinquecento. 2nd ed. Rome, 1988: 176-177.
1989
Obnovlenskaia, N.G. Masterpieces of western European painting of the XVIth-XXth centuries from the museums of the European countries and USA. Exh. cat. State Hermitage Museum, Leningrad, 1989: no. 5, repro.
1990
Titian, Prince of Painters. Exh. cat. Palazzo Ducale, Venice; National Gallery of Art, Washington. Venice, 1990: 328-330.
1991
Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 195.
1993
Le Siècle de Titien. L’Âge d’Or de la Peinture à Venise. Exh. cat. Grand Palais, Paris, 1993: 616-617.
1995
Fornari Schianchi, Lucia, and Nicola Spinosa, eds. I Farnese: Arte e collezionismo. Exh. cat. Palazzo Ducale, Colorno; Galleria Nazionale di Capodimonte, Naples; Haus der Kunst, Munich. Milan, 1995: 208.
1996
Rearick, W. R. “Titian’s Later Mythologies.” Artibus et Historiae 17, no. 33 (1996): 24, 34, 53.
1997
Goffen, Rona. Titian's Women, 1997, no. 131, repro.
1999
Sutherland, Bruce D. “A Subtle Allusion in Titian’s Venus and Adonis Paintings.” Venezia Cinquecento 9, no. 17 (1999): 37, 49.
1999
Valcanover, Francesco. Tiziano: I suoi pennelli sempre partorirono espressioni di vita. Florence, 1999: 267.
2001
Pedrocco, Filippo. Titian: The Complete Paintings. New York, 2001: 260.
2003
Hosono, Kiyo. “Venere e Adone di Tiziano: la scelta del soggetto e le sue fonti.” Venezia Cinquecento 13, no. 26 (2003): 119, 125, repro. 127.
2005
Bayer, Andrea. “North of the Apennines. Sixteenth-century Italian Painting in Venice and the Veneto.” Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 63, no. 1 (Summer 2005): 15.
2006
Joannides, Paul. “Titian and the Extract.” Studi Tizianeschi 4 (2006): 139-140.
2007
Humfrey, Peter. Titian: The Complete Paintings. Ghent and New York, 2007: 338.
2007
Joannides, Paul, and Jill Dunkerton. “A Boy with a Bird in the National Gallery: Two Responses to a Titian Question.” National Gallery Technical Bulletin 28 (2007): 36.
2007
Joannides, Paul. “Titian’s Repetitions.” In Titian: Materiality, Likeness, Istoria. Edited by Joanna Woods-Marsden. Turnhout, 2007: 46.
2007
Markova, Vittoria. “Una nuova versione della Venere e Adone di Tiziano. Notizie storico artistiche.” In Una nuova versione della Venere e Adone di Tiziano. Exh. cat. Gallerie dell’Accademia, Venice, 2007: 24.
2008
Penny, Nicholas. National Gallery Catalogues: The Sixteenth Century Italian Paintings, Vol. 2: Venice 1540-1600. London, 2008: 277, 282-283.
2012
Gentili, Augusto. Tiziano. Milan, 2012: 263.
2012
Georgievska-Shine, Aneta. “Titian and the Paradoxes of Love and Art in Venus and Adonis.” Artibus et Historiae 33, no. 65 (2012): 99-100.
2013
Evans, Godfrey. “‘Vaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itself’: The Dukes of Hamilton and Titian.” In The Reception of Titian in Britain: From Reynolds to Ruskin. Edited by Peter Humfrey. Turnhout, 2013: 136.
2014
Falomir, Miguel, and Paul Joannides. “Dánae y Venus y Adonis: origen y evolución.” In Dánae y Venus y Adonis, las primeras ‘poesías’ de Tiziano para Felipe II. Edited by Miguel Falomir. Exh. cat. Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2014: 34-36, 67-68.
Technical Summary