Overview

No overview available.

Inscription

on back, in center: AROUET DE VOLTAIRE, / NE A PARIS EN 1694, ET MORT EN 1778.; on truncated right arm: HOUDON, F. 1778.

Marks and Labels

null

Provenance

Executed for the Lamorinière family, France; taken by them to England 1870/1871 during the Franco-Prussian War; consigned to (anonymous dealer, London); sold to Alfred Morrison [1821-1897], London and Fonthill House, Tisbury, Wiltshire;[1] (sale, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 10 February 1900, no. 108); (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London, New York, and Paris);[2] sold 8 November 1901 to Peter A.B. Widener, Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania;[3] inheritance from Estate of Peter A.B. Widener by gift through power of appointment of Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania; gift 1942 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1976
The Eye of Thomas Jefferson, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1976, no. 334.
Bibliography
1919
Giacometti, Georges. Le statuaire Jean-Antoine Houdon: et son époque (1741-1828). 3 vols. Paris, 1919: 2:359.
1935
Widener, Peter A. B. Inventory of the objets d'art at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Penna., estate of the late P. A. B. Widener. Philadelphia, 1935: 19.
1942
Works of Art from the Widener Collection. Foreword by David Finley and John Walker. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 8.
1948
Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1948 (reprinted 1959): 137, repro.
1959
National Gallery of Art. Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection. Reprint. Washington, DC, 1959: 137, repro.
1964
Réau, Louis. Houdon: Sa vie et son oeuvre. Paris, 1964: 44, no. 202.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 158.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 140, repro.
1993
The American Heritage College Dictionary. 3rd ed., s.v. "Voltaire." Boston and New York, 1993: repro. 1513.
1994
Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1994: 110, repro.
1999
Norman Herz, Katherine A. Holbrow and Shelley G. Sturman. "Marble Sculture in the National Gallery of Art: a Provenance Study." In Max Schvoerer, ed. Archéomatériaux: marbres et autres roches: ASMOSIA IV, Bordeaux, France 9-13 october 1995: actes de la IVème Conférence international de l’Association pour l’étude des marbres et autres roches utilizes dans le passé. Talence, 1999: 101-110.
2006
Scherf, Guilhem. Houdon 1741-1828: Statues, portraits, sculptés... Paris, 2006: 76.
Technical Summary