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Provenance

Count Alexander Sergeievitch Stroganoff [1733-1811], Rome; by inheritance to his son, Count Sergei Alexandrovitch Stroganoff [1794-1882], Rome; by inheritance to his son, Count Grigory Sergeievitch Stroganoff [1829-1910], Rome; sold 1900 to Sir George Donaldson [1845-1925]; sold 1904 to (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London, New York, and Paris); sold to Mrs. Collis P. Huntington [d. 1924], San Marino, California; sold 1922 to (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London, New York, and Paris);[1] purchased 15 December 1936 by The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh;[2] gift 1937 to NGA.

Bibliography
1904
Rosenthal, Leon. David. Paris, 1904: 132, 166.
1937
Cortissoz, Roy. An Introduction to the Mellon Collection. Boston, 1937: 28.
1941
Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 225-226, no. A-20, as by Giovanni Bologna.
1942
Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 253, repro. 229, as by Giovanni Bologna.
1943
Swarzenski, Georg. "Some Aspects of Italian Quattrocento Sculpture in the National Gallery." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 6th series, 24 (November 1943): 302-303.
1944
Duveen Brothers, Inc. Duveen Sculpture in Public Collections of America: A Catalog Raisonné with illustrations of Italian Renaissance Sculptures by the Great Masters which have passed through the House of Duveen. New York, 1944: fig. 216, as The Flying Mercury, by Giovanni Bologna.
1949
Paintings and Sculpture from the Mellon Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1949 (reprinted 1953 and 1958): 167, repro., as by Giovanni Bologna.
1949
Seymour, Charles. Masterpieces of Sculpture from the National Gallery of Art. Washington and New York, 1949: 181, note 46, repro. 142-145, as by Giovanni Bologna.
1956
Dhanens, Elisabeth. Jean Boulogne - Giovanni Bologna Fiammingo, Douai 1529 -- Florence 1608: bijdrage tot de studie van de kunstbetrekkingen tussen het Graafschap Vlaanderen en Italie. Brussels, 1956: 135.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 157, as by Giovanni Bologna.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 139, repro., as by Giovanni Bologna.
1968
Seymour, Charles. "The Mercury in the Rotunda of the National Gallery of Art." Studies in the History of Art 2 (1968): 1-25, repro.
1970
Richard, Paul. "National Gallery's Mercury Mystery." The Washington Post (January 10, 1970): C1, C2.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 619, no. 954, repro., as Attributed to Adriaen de Vries.
1988
"Two Favorites in the Permanent Collection." National Gallery of Art Newsletter 10 (1988): 1,2. repro. 1.
1991
Brown, Christie. "Your Own National Gallery." Forbes 147 (June 24 1991): 123-126, repro.
1991
Gingold, Diane J. and Elizabeth A.C. Weil. The Corporate Patron. New York, 1991: frontispiece.
1994
National Gallery of Art. "West Building Highlights: Family Guide." (1994): repro.
1994
Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1994: 195, repro.
1998
Henderson, Anne. "Myths for the Musing." Washington Parent (January 1998): 24-25, repro.
2000
National Gallery of Art Special Issue. Connaissance des Arts. Paris, 2000: 59.
2002
Pincus, Deborah, and Shelley G. Sturman. "Neoclassical Bronze-casting and the Mellon Mercury." Centre 22: Record of Activities and Research Reports June 2001-May 2002 (2002): 156-159, repro. 158.
2003
Cole, Michael. "The Medici Mercury and the Breath of Bronze." Large Bronzes in the Renaissance. Peta Motture, ed.Studies in the History of Art 64, Symposium Papers 41(2003): 129-153.
2006
David Smith: A Centennial. Exh. cat. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Musée national d'art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; Tate Modern, London. New York, 2006: 82, fig. 55.
2006
Leithe-Jasper, Manfred. "Il Mercurio volante. Il problema della figura serpentinata." In Beatrice Paolozzi Strozzi and Dimitrios Zikos, eds. Giambologna. Gli dei, gli eroi. Genesi e fortuna di uno stile europeo nella scultura. Exh. cat. Museo Nazionale del Bargello, 2006: 257, n.23.