Overview

No overview available.

Inscription

on plaque at top of cross, in reserved letters surrounded by enamel: IHC.NAZA / RENVS.REX. / IVDEORVM

Marks and Labels

null

Provenance

Rodolphe Kann, Paris, before 1907, as "made on the banks of the Rhine," twelfth century;[1] (Duveen Brothers, London or New York), 1908; purchased 2 October 1908 by Peter A. B. Widener, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, as Rhenish, twelfth century; inheritance from the Estate of Peter A. B. Widener by gift through power of appointment of Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park, 1942.

Exhibition History

Bibliography

1907
Catalogue of the Rodolphe Kann Collection; Objets d'Art I. Middle Ages and Renaissance. (by Jules Mannheim) Paris, 1907: 49, n. 63.
1935
Inventory of the Objects d'Art at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, The Estate of the Late P.A.B. Widener. Philadelphia, 1935: 31.
1942
Works of Art from the Widener Collection. Foreword by David Finley and John Walker. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 9, as Rhenish 12th Century, Cross of copper gilt with champlevé enamel.
1952
Christensen, Erwin O. Objects of Medieval Art from the Widener Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1952: 8-10, 30.
1961
Verdier, Philippe. "Un monument inédit de l'art mosan du XIIe siècle. La crucifixion symbolique de la Walters Art Gallery." Revue belge d'archéologie et d'histoire de l'art 30 (1961): 123, fig. 6.
1975
Verdier, Philippe. "Emaux mosans et rhéno-mosans dans les collections des Etats-Unis." RB 44 (1975): 25.
1983
Hürkey, Edgar. Das Bild des Gekreuzigten im Mittelalter: Untersuchung zu Gruppierung, Entwicklung und Verbreitung anhand der Gewandmotive. Worms, 1983: 11, 56, 160.
1987
Henig, Martin and Mary Whiting. Engraved Gems from Gadara in Jordan: the Sa'd Collection of Intaglios and Cameos. Oxford University Committee for Archaeology, monograph no. 6. Oxford, 1987: 32 (on the engraved gem).
1993
Distelberger, Rudolf, Alison Luchs, Philippe Verdier, and Timonthy H. Wilson. Western Decorative Arts, Part I: Medieval, Renaissance, and Historicizing Styles including Metalwork, Enamels, and Ceramics. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1993: 13-18, color repro. 14.
2004
Devotion & Splendor: Medieval Art at the Art Institute of Chicago. Art Institute of Chicago, 2004: 35, 92.

Technical Summary


[1] Russell Feather, gemologist at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, identified the gem stone on 18 September 1985.
\r[2] Reports of 13 June 1985, 21 October 1986, and 22 January 1987 in NGA conservation laboratory files.
[3] See reports cited in note 2, and discussion of 1942.9.278, the Limoges châsse.

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