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Provenance

Baron Maurice de Rothschild [d. 1957], Paris. (Duveen Brothers, New York); purchased 11 November 1912 by Peter A. B. Widener, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, probably as Italian sixteenth century; inheritance from the Estate of Peter A. B. Widener by gift through power of appointment of Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park, 1942.

Bibliography
1935
Inventory of the Objects d'Art at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, The Estate of the Late P.A.B. Widener. Philadelphia, 1935: 45.
1942
Works of Art from the Widener Collection. Foreword by David Finley and John Walker. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 11, as Italian 16th Century (Style of Benvenuto Cellini).
1958
Stone, Peter. "Baroque Pearls I." Apollo (December 1958): 194-199, fig. 14.
1972
Neumann, Robert von. The Design and Creation of Jewelry. Rev. ed., New York and Philadelphia, 1972: 13, fig. 3.
1974
Heiniger, Ernst A. and Jean Heiniger. The Great Book of Jewels. Boston, 1974: 170, color repro.
1979
Hackenbroch, Yvonne. Renaissance Jewellery. London and Munich: 1979: 251-252, color pl. 31, no. 688.
1981
Newman, Harold. An Illustrated Dictionary of Jewellery. London, 1981: 118, 119, repro.
1983
Wilson, Carolyn C. Renaissance Small Bronze Sculpture and Associated Decorative Arts at the National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1983: 165-166, color repro.
1993
Distelberger, Rudolf, Alison Luchs, Philippe Verdier, and Timonthy H. Wilson. Western Decorative Arts, Part I: Medieval, Renaissance, and Historicizing Styles including Metalwork, Enamels, and Ceramics. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1993: 288-291, color repro. 289.
Technical Summary

Table-cut stones are in variously worked rectangular box settings. The enamel is damaged in numerous places, especially on the figure of Europa.