Possibly imported to England 1528 by (Edward Smytting) for sale to Cardinal Wolsey or Henry VIII, King of England; possibly purchased between 1649 and 1654 from the English royal collection by the Spanish ambassador Don Alonso de Cárdenas and shipped to Spain for Don Luis de Haro; possibly bequest 1658 to the estate of the House of El Carpio; possibly by descent to the House of Alba; probably Jacopo Luis Francesco Pablo Rafael FitzJames-Stuart, 8th duke of Berwick and 15th duke (duque in Spanish) of Alba [1821-1881], Liria Palace, Madrid; (Alba sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, 7-20 April 1877, no. 7). Jean Dollfus; (his sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, 1-2 April 1912, 2nd day, no. 188, as Le Calvaire); (French & Company, New York); inheritance from Estate of Peter A.B. Widener by gift through power of appointment of Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania; after purchase 11 May 1916 by funds of Joseph E. Widener; gift 1942 to NGA.
- Tapestry in the Renaissance: Art and Magnificence, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2002, no. 33, repro.
- Inventory of the Objects d'Art at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, The Estate of the Late P.A.B. Widener. Philadelphia, 1935: 121.
- Ainsworth, Maryan Wynn. "Bernart van Orley, Peintre-Inventeur." Studies in the History of Art 24 (1990):48, 50-51, 53-54, 57-60, repro.
- Bremer-David, Charissa. "French & Company and American Collections of Tapestries , 1907-1959." Studies in the Decorative Arts 11, no. 1 (Fall-Winter 2003-2004): 41.
- Lootsma, Hilbert. "A Re-Assembled Altarpiece by Bernard van Orley." The Burlington Magazine 159, no. 1367 (February 2017): 88-89, 91 fig. 4, 92, 93.