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Provenance

J. Pierpont Morgan [1837-1913], New York. (P.W. French & Co., New York); inheritance from Estate of Peter A. B. Widener, by gift through power of appointment of Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, after purchase by funds of the Estate;[1] gift 1942 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1916
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, (with J. Pierpont Morgan collection), c. 1916.
1935
Exhibition of Oriental Rugs and Textiles, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1935, 19, no. 8, repro.
1940
Exhibition of Persian Art, The Iranian Institute, New York, 1940, 8, no. 6 (Guide by Phyllis Ackerman).
1947
An Exhibition of Antique Oriental Rugs, The Art Institute of Chicago, 1947, no. 15, repro.
1972
From Persia's Ancient Looms, The Textile Museum, Washington, D.C., 1972, unnumbered, repro.
Bibliography
1916
Meyer-Riefstahl, R. "Oriental Carpets in American Collections: Part One. Three Silk Rugs in the Altman Collection." Art in America 4 (April 1916): 151, 159.
1925
Valentiner, Wilhelm R. "Persian Silk Animal Rug of the XVI Century." Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 6, no. 7 (January 1925): 70.
1935
Inventory of the Objects d'Art at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, The Estate of the Late P.A.B. Widener. Philadelphia, 1935: 135-136.
1938
Pope 1938-1939, 3:2346; pl. 1197.
1945
Pope, Arthur Upham. Masterpieces of Persian Art. New York, 1945: 184, color pl. F (facing page 177). Reprinted London, 1960, and Westport, Connecticut, 1970.
1959
Dilley, Arthur U. Oriental Rugs and Carpets. New York, 1931: frontispiece and p. 64. Also 1959 ed.: frontispiece.
1961
Erdmann, Kurt. "Die kleinen Seidenteppiche Kaschans." Pantheon 19, no. 4 (1961): 159-163, fig. 3.
1963
Erdmann, Kurt. "Die kleinen Seidenteppiche Kaschans." Heimtex 15, no. 12 (1963): 25-30, fig. 8.
1966
Erdmann, Kurt. Siebenhundert Jahre Orientteppich. Herford, 1966: 143, 147-148, fig. 186.
1970
Erdmann, Kurt. Seven Hundred Years of Oriental Carpets. Edited by Hanna Erdmann. Translated by May H. Beattie and Hildegard Herzog. Berkeley, 1970: 62-64, fig. 67. (Orig. Siebenhundert Jahre Orientteppich. Zu seiner Geschichte und Erforschung. Hanna Erdmann, ed. Herford,1966.)





1972
From Persia's Ancient Looms. Exh. cat. The Textile Museum, Washington, 1972: repro.
1974
Encyclopaedia Britannica. 30 vols. 15th ed. Chicago, 1974: 16:11, fig. 2.
1987
Herrmann, Eberhart. "A Great Discovery." Hali 36 (1987): 49.
1997
Torchia, Robert Wilson. "Widener's Gift." Hali 92 (May 1997): 88-97, 120, fig. 1.
1998
Bower, Virginia, Josephine Hadley Knapp, Stephen Little, and Robert Wilson Torchia. Decorative Arts, Part II: Far Eastern Ceramics and Paintings; Persian and Indian Rugs and Carpets. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1998: 289-293, color repro.
Technical Summary

Warp: silk, U2S, pale yellow, with alternate warps slightly depressed. Weft: silk, U, ivory x 3. Pile: silk, U and U2S. Asymmetrical knotting open at the left. Hor. 20½,21,23. Vert. 23,23,20. 420 to 440 knots to the square inch. The ends are cut. The sides consist of two cables of (U2S)3Z, one is weft attached, the other probably at least partially so. Red silk (apparently 2U) interwoven overcasting of the cables. Colors: ivory, black-brown, brownish yellow, bluish red, pale orange, dark green abrashed to yellow-greens, medium blue abrashed darker, and pale blue. Several colors have faded to ecru shades. This severely worn rug is in extremely fragile condition. There are many holes throughout the surface, and the silk pile is powdering. Numerous cracks have developed in the brittle warps. The corners and edges have degraded. The end finish extends into the pile, and wear streaks are apparent. In 1972, to prevent further deterioration, conservators attached the rug to a cotton fabric, mounted it on a stretcher, and enclosed it in a plexiglass box.