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Overview

A prominent Pennsylvania Impressionist, Daniel Garber was best known for his landscapes, but the artist also made a number of figure studies and interiors that brought him considerable recognition, South Room – Green Street was one such painting. One of several paintings Garber made that featured his family members in their home, South Room – Green Street is the largest and most ambitious of the series.

The painting depicts Garber's wife, Mary Franklin Garber, and daughter Tanis in the front parlor of their Philadelphia row house at 1819 Green Street. South Room – Green Street is a visual treatise on light, its effects on the objects and experiences of everyday life and, in turn, the perceptual responses these effects initiate. Specifically, Garber manipulates how light confounds substance, turning heavy curtains into stained glass, strands of hair into a golden aura, and the shadow of a wicker chair into a lacy design on the floor. Continuing this exploration of illusory modes of vision is Garber's inclusion of two mirrors in the painting, which not only provide another view of the girl's head but also reflect the light in intriguing ways. Critics of the time remarked on this: "the hair of the little girl standing near the window, with the light falling on it from three directions [is] cleverly managed with the aid of two mirrors, one in front and one at the side." The pleasant nature of Garber's domestic scene thus belies the complex issues of light, reflection, and vision that the artist so deftly manages in the painting.

Inscription

lower right: Daniel Garber

Provenance

Purchased from the artist December 1921 by the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington; acquired 2014 by the National Gallery of Art.

Exhibition History
1921
Eighth Exhibition of Oil Paintings by Contemporary American Artists, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, December 1921-January 1922, no. 198.
1921
Exhibition of Paintings by Daniel Garber, W.L. Lathrop, Joseph T. Pearson, Jr., Robert Spencer, Milch Galleries, New York, January-February 1921, no. 2.
1921
Exhibition of Recent Paintings by Daniel Garber, Arlington Galleries, New York, March 1921, no. 20.
1921
Twentieth Annual International Exhibition of Paintings, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, April-June 1921.
1922
Exhibition of Oil Paintings by Daniel Garber, Robert Henri, and Frederick J. Waugh, Art Club of Philadelphia, 18 November - 10 December 1922, no. 21.
1922
Exhibition of Paintings by Daniel Garber, Robert Henri, Frederick J. Waugh, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 1922, no. 10.
1945
Daniel Garber Retrospective Exhibition: Paintings, Drawings, Etchings, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 1945, no. 110.
1957
Fifty Years at the Corcoran, Frye Museum, Seattle; University Museum, Arizona State College, Tempe; Quincy Art Club, Illinois; J.B. Speed Art Museum, Louisville; Service League of Port Arthur, Texas; Winston-Salem Public Library; Museum of Fine Arts, Little Rock; Meadows Museum, Southern Methodist Univesity, Dallas; Miami Beach Art Center; Kent State University Museum; Davenport Municipal Art Gallery, Iowa, 1957-1958, no catalogue.
1957
Twenty-fifth Biennial Exhibition of Contemporary American Oil Paintings, Corcoral Gallery of Art, Washington; Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio, 1957, no. 8.
1963
A Century and a Half of American Painting, Dulin Gallery of Art, Knoxville, 1963, no. 33.
1964
The Romantic Century, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 1964, no catalogue.
1981
Of Time and Place: American Figurative Art from the Corcoran Gallery, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington; Cincinnati Art Museum; San Diego Museum of Art; University of Kentucky Art Museum, Lexington; Hunter Museum of Art, Chattanooga; Philbrook Art Center, Tulsa; Portland Art Museum, Oregon; Des Moines Art Center; Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg, FL, 1981-1983, no. 38, repro.
1994
Masterworks of American Impressionism: Edward Redfield and the New Hope Group, James A. Michener Art Museum, Doylestown, 1994, unpublished checklist.
1997
An American Tradition: Pennsylvania Impressionists, Westmoreland Museum of American Art, Greensburg, Pennsylvania; Florence Griswold Msueum, Old Lyme; Dixon Gallery and Gardens, Memphis; Gibbes Museum of Art, Charleston; Woodmere Art Museum, Philadelphia, 1997-1998, no catalogue.
1998
The Forty-fifth Biennial: The Corcoran Collects, 1907-1998, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 1998, unnumbered catalogue.
2002
The Gilded Cage: Views of American Women, 1873-1921, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 2002, unpublished checklist.
2003
The Impressionist Tradition in America, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 2004, unpublished checklist.
2007
Daniel Garber: Romantic Realist, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 26 January - 8 April 2007, no. 35.
2013
American Journeys: Visions of Place, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 21 September 2013-28 September 2014, unpublished checklist.
Bibliography
2011
Naeem, Asma. "Daniel Garber, South Room - Green Street" In Corcoran Gallery of Art : American Paintings to 1945. Edited by Sarah Cash. Washington, 2011: 222-223, 280, repro.