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Inscription

falsely inscribed in standard script on the base in three vertical columns of two characters each: Da Qing Kangxi nian zhi (made in the Kangxi reign of the great Qing dynasty)

Provenance

Thomas B. Clarke [1848-1931], New York; sold 1913 to Peter A. B. Widener, Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania; inheritance from Estate of Peter A. B. Widener by gift through power of appointment of Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania; gift 1942 to NGA.

Bibliography
1942
Works of Art from the Widener Collection. Foreword by David Finley and John Walker. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 20.
1947
Christensen, Erwin O. Chinese Porcelains of the Widener Collection. Washington, 1947 (rev. ed. 1956): 30-34, repro. 36; 1956: 34, repro. 36.
1998
Bower, Virginia, Josephine Hadley Knapp, Stephen Little, and Robert Wilson Torchia. Decorative Arts, Part II: Far Eastern Ceramics and Paintings; Persian and Indian Rugs and Carpets. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1998: 134-135, color repro.
Technical Summary

The fine-textured porcelain vessel has a translucent yellow glaze with very faint, fine crazing over all exterior surfaces and the neck interior. The calligraphy on the base appears darker than the usual blue, possibly the result of the yellow glaze covering blue. 1

1. A similar pot in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (14.40.375), and the Widener piece have the same inscription, in what appears to be the same color, described as black in the Metropolitan's records.