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Inscription

lower center: Dove; top center of frame reverse: ARTHUR G. DOVE / care of ALFRED SEIEGLITZ / 509 MADISON AVE., (Rm. 1710) New York; top of frame reverse in black crayon: 1944, SPACE DIVIDED BY LINE MOTIF

Provenance

The artist [1880-1946], Centerport, New York; by inheritance to his wife, Helen S. Torr Dove [1886-1967], Centerport; her estate;[1] (Downtown Gallery, New York); purchased April 1968 by the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington; acquired 2014 by the National Gallery of Art.

Exhibition History
1944
Arthur G. Dove; Paintings - 1944, An American Place, New York, 21 March - 21 May 1944, no. 6.
1947
Loan, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, perhaps between 1947 and 1963.[1]
1947
Paintings by Arthur Dove, San Francisco Museum of Art, 22 April - 18 May 1947.
1963
Then and Now: Early and Mature Examples of the Work of Twenty-five Twentieth Century Artists, Guild Hall, East Hampton, New York, 21 July - 11 August 1963, unnumbered checklist.
1964
39th Anniversary Exhibition, Downtown Gallery, New York, 6-31 October 1964, unnumbered catalogue.
1965
Six Decades of American Art, Leicester Galleries, London, 14 July - 18 August 1965, no. 29.
1976
Corcoran [The American Genius], Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 24 January - 4 April 1976, catalogue with no checklist, as U.S.A.
1978
The William A. Clark Collection, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 26 April - 16 July 1978, catalogue with no checklist.
2005
Encouraging American Genius: Master Paintings from the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington; Museum of Fine Arts, Houston; Parrish Art Museum, Southampton, NY; Mint Museum of Art, Charlotte; John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, 27 August 2005 - 29 April 2007, checklist no. 95 (shown only in Washington).
2008
The American Evolution: A History Through Art, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 1 March - 27 July 2008, unpublished checklist.
2009
American Paintings from the Collection, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 6 June - 18 October 2009, unpublished checklist.
2013
American Journeys: Visions of Place, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 21 September 2013 - 28 September 2014, unpublished checklist.
Exhibition History Notes

[1] An information sheet about the painting supplied to the Corcoran Gallery of Art by Downtown Gallery, dated 29 December 1967 and in NGA curatorial files, lists the University of North Carolina under "Exhibited" but provides no date. The listing appears after the January 1947 listing for Van Bark Studios and before the July 1963 listing for the Guild Hall exhibition. No details about this loan were found in the University of North Carolina Archives; see e-mails from November 2007 between Emily Shapiro of the Corcoran Gallery of Art and Carol Gillham, Assistant Curator of Collections, Ackland Museum, in NGA curatorial files.

Bibliography
n.d.
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.: Downtown Gallery Records 1824-1974, Arthur Dove Artist Notebooks, reel 5570, frames 349-350.
1904
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.: Arthur and Helen Torr Dove papers, Diary Entries for 10,12,13,14, 16, October 1943, reel 725, frames 993-996..
1947
Barefoot, Spencer. "The Art Galleries [exh. review]." The Art Galleries (27 April 1947): 22.
1973
Morgan, Ann Lee. "Toward the Definition of Early Modernism in America: A Study of Arthur Dove." 2 vols. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Iowa, Iowa City, 1973: 1:326.
1973
Phillips, Dorothy W. A Catalogue of the Collection of American Paintings in the Corcoran Gallery of Art. 2 vols. Washington, D.C., 1973: 2:105, repro., 106.
1984
Morgan, Ann Lee. Arthur Dove: Life and Work, With a Catalogue Raisonné, Newark, London, and Toronto, 1984: 303, 304, repro.
2000
Cash, Sarah, and Terrie Sultan. American Treasures of the Corcoran Gallery of Art. New York, 2000: 161, 206, repro.
2002
Cash, Sarah. "Space Divided by Line Motive (U.S.A.)." In A Capital Collection: Masterworks from the Corcoran Gallery of Art. Edited by Eleanor Heartney. London, 2002: 256, 257, repro.
2011
Cash, Sarah. "Arthur Dove, Space Divided by Line Motive." In Corcoran Gallery of Art: American Paintings to 1945. Edited by Sarah Cash. Washington, 2011: 252-253, 283, repro.