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Inscription

on base below drapery: CLODION / 1799

Provenance

Probably collection of Armand-Jean-Baptiste Maurin [d. by 1803], 1805.[1] Émile Ladan-Bockairy, Paris, by 1900. [2] George Blumenthal [1858-1941], New York, after 1911; (his sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, 1-2 December 1932, no. 96); (Jean Seligmann).[3] Mrs. Jesse Isidor Straus [1876-1970], New York; gift 1942 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1900
Exposition universelle, Paris, 1900, no. 4727.
1974
Nineteenth-Century Sculpture, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1974, unnumbered checklist.
Bibliography
1885
Thirion, Henri. Les Adam et Clodion. Paris, 1885: 402.
1900
Exposition Universelle de 1900. Catalogue officiel illustré de l'Exposition rétrospective de l'art français, des origins à 1800. Exh. cat., Paris, 1900: 311, n. 4727, as l'Effroi.
1901
Molinier, Émile, and Frantz Marcou. Exposition rétrospective de l'art français des origines à la fin du XIXe siècle. Paris, 1901: 130, 140, repro. as La Surprise.
1910
Lami, Stanislas. Dictionnaire des Sculpteurs de l'Ecole française au dix-huitième siècle. 2 vols. Paris, 1910-1911: 2: 152.

1924
Bénézit, Emmanuel. Dictionnaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs & graveurs. 3 vols. Paris, 1911-1924: illustrated opp. 784, 920 as Bacchante.
1926
Rubenstein-Bloch, Stella. Catalogue of the Collection of George and Florence Blumenthal, New York. 6 vols. Paris, 1926-1930: V (1930): plate LX.
1943
"La Surprise by Clodion." The Art Quarterly 6, no. 3 (1943): 232, 234, repro.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 149.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 132, repro.
1974
Hodgkinson, Terence. "A Clodion Statuette in the National Gallery of Canada." Bulletin, The National Gallery of Canada 24 (1974): 13-21, repro. fig. 7.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 645, no. 1018, repro.
1984
Weinshenker, Anne Betty. "Clodion at the Frick Collection." Art Journal 44 (Winter 1984): 383-85, esp. 384.
1993
Scherf, Guilhem. "La Léda de Clodion, une terre cuite de la collection Edouard Salin au château de Montaigu." Le Pays Lorrain: Journal de la Sociétée d'Archéologie Lorraine et du Musée Historique Lorrain 3 (1993):139-146, repro.
1994
Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1994: 47, repro.
1998
Perronet, Benjamin, and Burton B. Fredericksen, eds. Répertoire des tableaux vendus en France au XIX siècle. Vol. 1, part 1 (1801-1810): 30.
2008
Penny, Nicholas. "The Evolution of the Plinth, Pedestal, and Socle." In Collecting Sculpture in Early Modern Europe. Nicholas Penny and Eike D. Schmidt, eds. Studies in the History of Art 70, Symposium Papers 47 (2008): 461, 464 fig. 7 and color repro.