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Provenance

The artist's descendants to his granddaughter, Maria Fennell [d. 28 March 1880], Philadelphia;[1] bequeathed to her niece, Rosalie Vallance Tiers Jackson [Mrs. Charles P. Jackson, 1852-1944];[2] by gift 1915 to her nephew, Clarence Van Dyke Tiers [1869-1959], Oakmont, PA and Daytona Beach, FL; gift 1942 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1828
Seventeenth Annual Exhibition of the Pennyslvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 1828, no. 98.
1887
Loan Exhibition of Historical Portraits, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 1887-1888.
1943
American Paintings, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1943.
1947
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1947.
1949
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1949.
1952
[Opening exhibition], Mint Museum of Art, Charlotte, North Carolina, 1952, no. cat.
1952
Opening Exhibition of The George Thomas Hunter Gallery of Art, Chattanooga Art Association, Tennessee, 1952, unnumbered.
1953
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1953.
1955
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1955.
1956
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1956.
1972
Loan for display with permanent collection, Georgia Museum of Art, University of Georgia, Athens, 1972-1974.
Bibliography
1828
Seventeenth Annual Exhibition of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Exh. cat. Philadelphia, 1828: no. 98.
1834
Dunlap, William. A History of the Rise and Progress of the Arts of Design in the United States. 2 vols. New York, 1834: 1:101. Reprint. 2 vols. in 3, New York, 1969: 1:pl. 24.
1867
Tuckerman, Henry T. Book of the Artists: American Artist Life Comprising Biographical and Critical Sketches of American Artists. 5th ed. 1870. Reprint, New York, 1966: 48.
1931
Bolton, Theodore, and Harry Lorin Binsse. "Pratt, Painter of Colonial Portraits and Signboards." The Antiquarian 17, no. 3 (September 1931): 50, as "Portland, Duchess. Mentioned by Dunlap."
1942
Sawitzky, William. Matthew Pratt, 1734-1805. New York, 1942: 10-11, 59-60, pl. 9.
1952
Opening Exhibition of the George Thomas Hunter Gallery of Art. Exh. cat. Chattanooga Art Association, 1952: unnumbered.
1955
Rutledge, Anna Wells. Cumulative Record of Exhibition Catalogues: the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1807-1870; the Society of Artists, 1800-1814; the Artists' Fund Society, 1835-1845. Philadelphia, 1955: 175.
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 92, repro., as The Duke of Portland.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 212, repro.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 375, no. 530, color repro., as The Duke of Portland.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 265, repro.
1995
Miles, Ellen G. American Paintings of the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 142-144, repro. 143.